Influence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on (Zea mays) Cultivated on Sewage Contaminated Soil

Soil contamination is one of the major environmental challenges affecting farmers and their crops as a result of improper sewage management, industrial waste mismanagement among others. The influence of three species of AMF (Gigaspora sp, Glomus clarium and Glomus mossea) on Maize (Oba super 98 hybrid variety) cultivated on sewage contaminated soil was assessed in the Screen House. The experiment was laid in a completely randomized design (CRD). Three seeds of Zea mays (L) were planted in each of 32 plastic buckets, 50 g of three species of AMF inocula were inoculated while 1.5 liters of sewage was added at each bucket. Watering was done morning and evening on daily basis. Agronomic data such as plant height, leaf area, stem girth and number of leaves were collected bi-weekly and subjected to Analysis of Variance while means were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD). Soil physic-chemical properties were also analyzed before and after planting using standard procedures. The result obtained showed that AMF inoculated samples were significantly higher both in soil parameters and growth parameters but significantly lower in Trace elements than in Control as follows: TOC in G. mossae (0.49 %) > Control (0.3 %); TN in Gigaspora sp (0.25 %) > Control (0.20 %); P in G.clarium (4.15 mg/kg) > Control (1.36 mg/kg); CEC (5.97 Cmol/kg) > Control (4.53 Cmol/kg); Zn in Gigaspora sp (9.0 mg/kg) < Control (10.0 mg/kg); Pb in G. mossae (1.8 mg/kg) < Control (5.0 mg/kg); Cu in G.clarium (2.7 mg/kg) < Control (4.0 mg/kg); Ni in G. mossae (0.03 mg/kg) < Control (0.09 mg/kg). Comparatively, G. mossea outperformed other species of AMF used in the experiment both in plant parameters and soil nutrient elements. It is advisable to properly manage the sewage against soil contamination. Farmers are encouraged to adopt the use of AMF to enhance maize production in sewage contaminated soils. Read more
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Influence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on (Zea mays) Cultivated on Sewage Contaminated Soil

Soil contamination is one of the major environmental challenges affecting farmers and their crops as a result of improper sewage management, industrial waste mismanagement among others. The influence of three species of AMF (Gigaspora sp, Glomus clarium and Glomus mossea) on Maize (Oba super 98 hybrid variety) cultivated on sewage contaminated soil was assessed in the Screen House. The experiment was laid in a completely randomized design (CRD). Three seeds of Zea mays (L) were planted in each of 32 plastic buckets, 50 g of three species of AMF inocula were inoculated while 1.5 liters of sewage was added at each bucket. Watering was done morning and evening on daily basis. Agronomic data such as plant height, leaf area, stem girth and number of leaves were collected bi-weekly and subjected to Analysis of Variance while means were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD). Soil physic-chemical properties were also analyzed before and after planting using standard procedures. The result obtained showed that AMF inoculated samples were significantly higher both in soil parameters and growth parameters but significantly lower in Trace elements than in Control as follows: TOC in G. mossae (0.49 %) > Control (0.3 %); TN in Gigaspora sp (0.25 %) > Control (0.20 %); P in G.clarium (4.15 mg/kg) > Control (1.36 mg/kg); CEC (5.97 Cmol/kg) > Control (4.53 Cmol/kg); Zn in Gigaspora sp (9.0 mg/kg) < Control (10.0 mg/kg); Pb in G. mossae (1.8 mg/kg) < Control (5.0 mg/kg); Cu in G.clarium (2.7 mg/kg) < Control (4.0 mg/kg); Ni in G. mossae (0.03 mg/kg) < Control (0.09 mg/kg). Comparatively, G. mossea outperformed other species of AMF used in the experiment both in plant parameters and soil nutrient elements. It is advisable to properly manage the sewage against soil contamination. Farmers are encouraged to adopt the use of AMF to enhance maize production in sewage contaminated soils. Read more
Read More

Influence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on (Zea mays) Cultivated on Sewage Contaminated Soil

Soil contamination is one of the major environmental challenges affecting farmers and their crops as a result of improper sewage management, industrial waste mismanagement among others. The influence of three species of AMF (Gigaspora sp, Glomus clarium and Glomus mossea) on Maize (Oba super 98 hybrid variety) cultivated on sewage contaminated soil was assessed in the Screen House. The experiment was laid in a completely randomized design (CRD). Three seeds of Zea mays (L) were planted in each of 32 plastic buckets, 50 g of three species of AMF inocula were inoculated while 1.5 liters of sewage was added at each bucket. Watering was done morning and evening on daily basis. Agronomic data such as plant height, leaf area, stem girth and number of leaves were collected bi-weekly and subjected to Analysis of Variance while means were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD). Soil physic-chemical properties were also analyzed before and after planting using standard procedures. The result obtained showed that AMF inoculated samples were significantly higher both in soil parameters and growth parameters but significantly lower in Trace elements than in Control as follows: TOC in G. mossae (0.49 %) > Control (0.3 %); TN in Gigaspora sp (0.25 %) > Control (0.20 %); P in G.clarium (4.15 mg/kg) > Control (1.36 mg/kg); CEC (5.97 Cmol/kg) > Control (4.53 Cmol/kg); Zn in Gigaspora sp (9.0 mg/kg) < Control (10.0 mg/kg); Pb in G. mossae (1.8 mg/kg) < Control (5.0 mg/kg); Cu in G.clarium (2.7 mg/kg) < Control (4.0 mg/kg); Ni in G. mossae (0.03 mg/kg) < Control (0.09 mg/kg). Comparatively, G. mossea outperformed other species of AMF used in the experiment both in plant parameters and soil nutrient elements. It is advisable to properly manage the sewage against soil contamination. Farmers are encouraged to adopt the use of AMF to enhance maize production in sewage contaminated soils. Read more
Read More

Influence of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on (Zea mays) Cultivated on Sewage Contaminated Soil

Soil contamination is one of the major environmental challenges affecting farmers and their crops as a result of improper sewage management, industrial waste mismanagement among others. The influence of three species of AMF (Gigaspora sp, Glomus clarium and Glomus mossea) on Maize (Oba super 98 hybrid variety) cultivated on sewage contaminated soil was assessed in the Screen House. The experiment was laid in a completely randomized design (CRD). Three seeds of Zea mays (L) were planted in each of 32 plastic buckets, 50 g of three species of AMF inocula were inoculated while 1.5 liters of sewage was added at each bucket. Watering was done morning and evening on daily basis. Agronomic data such as plant height, leaf area, stem girth and number of leaves were collected bi-weekly and subjected to Analysis of Variance while means were separated using Least Significant Difference (LSD). Soil physic-chemical properties were also analyzed before and after planting using standard procedures. The result obtained showed that AMF inoculated samples were significantly higher both in soil parameters and growth parameters but significantly lower in Trace elements than in Control as follows: TOC in G. mossae (0.49 %) > Control (0.3 %); TN in Gigaspora sp (0.25 %) > Control (0.20 %); P in G.clarium (4.15 mg/kg) > Control (1.36 mg/kg); CEC (5.97 Cmol/kg) > Control (4.53 Cmol/kg); Zn in Gigaspora sp (9.0 mg/kg) < Control (10.0 mg/kg); Pb in G. mossae (1.8 mg/kg) < Control (5.0 mg/kg); Cu in G.clarium (2.7 mg/kg) < Control (4.0 mg/kg); Ni in G. mossae (0.03 mg/kg) < Control (0.09 mg/kg). Comparatively, G. mossea outperformed other species of AMF used in the experiment both in plant parameters and soil nutrient elements. It is advisable to properly manage the sewage against soil contamination. Farmers are encouraged to adopt the use of AMF to enhance maize production in sewage contaminated soils. Read more
Read More