Ehinmowo et al
Greener Journal of Social Sciences Vol. 6 (1), pp. 019-029, January 2016
ISSN: 2276-7800 © 2016 GJSS
Manuscript Number: 122315173
Poverty Profiles and Technical Efficiency Nexus: A Case Study of Women Entrepreneurs in Oyo State, Nigeria
1Ehinmowo Olubukola Omotinuke, *2Fatuase Adewale Isaac and 3Ojo Sylvester Oluwadare
1Department of Entrepreneurship Management Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
2Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.
3Department of Economics, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria.
The study determined the poverty profiles and technical efficiency
of women entrepreneurs in cassava processing in Oyo State, Nigeria. Data were
obtained from primary source using a set of structured questionnaire assisted
with interview schedule. The multistage sampling technique was used. Data were
analyzed using: descriptive statistics, Foster – Greer Thorbecke (FGT) and
Stochastic Frontier Production Function Analysis (SFPF). Farm level
survey data were collected from 105 women cassava processors. The results
revealed that 64.8 percent of the women entrepreneurs in the study area were
poor and would need 16.1 percent of 1US Dollar (
N160) per day to escape
poverty. It was also revealed that poverty incidence was noticed among women
entrepreneurs between age ranges 40 – 49, most of them (61%) had a large
household size with 4 – 6 members and (95.2%) had low educational level.Results
further showed that cassava processing enterprise was in the stage of
inefficient production (stage I) as shown by the Returns to Scale (RTS) of
1.264. The variables such as cost of raw material, operating expenses and
energy were effectively allocated and used, as confirmed by each variable
having estimated coefficient value between 0 and 1. The Technical Efficiencies
of the women entrepreneurs varied between 0.637 and 0.994 with a mean of 0.888.
The analysis of the inefficiency model revealed that poverty level, method of
processing and source of raw material were positive indicating that all
these factors led to decrease in technical efficiency of cassava processing
enterprise in the study area. The study recommends that to increase the
efficiency of the women cassava processors, policies that would promote poverty
alleviation, improve education and boost income should be adopted.
Keywords: Cassava Processing, Poverty Profiles, Women Entrepreneurs, Technical Efficiency.
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