Nsongka Et Al


Nsongka et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (6), pp. 128-137, June 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 061918086


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.6.061918086)


Cattle Farmers’
Perception of Reproductive Failures and Their Effects on Cattle Production in
the North West Region of Cameroon



NSONGKA Munji Victorine*1, 2,

NCHINDA Valentine Petentsebe1,

WIRNKAR Venasius Lendzemo1, NDIP
Lucy A.2,



1Institute of
Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD Bambui), P.O. Box 80 Bamenda, North
West Region.

2University of Buea,
South West Region.

3University of Bamenda,
North West Region.



complications such as embryonic death, abortion and infertility are some of the
problems which cattle breeders face in the North West Region of Cameroon
although most of them may not realize the extent of economic loss that can
occur through these reproductive failures in their herds. This study was aimed
at assessing farmers’ perception of reproductive failures and their effects on
cattle production in the North West Region of Cameroon.

Primary data were
collected using 216 structured questionnaires administered to household heads
of cattle grazers, herdsmen and crop farmers in five Divisions (Boyo, Bui,
Donga Mantung, Mezam and Momo) of the North West Region. Chi-square statistics
were used to determine the differences in farmers’ perceptions.

There were three categories of
respondents; crop farmers 30(14.0%), cattle grazers 150(70.1%) which
constituted the majority of respondents and herdsmen 34(15.9%).
 Embryonic death was the commonest reproductive
failure observed (25%) followed by abortion (22.1%) and infertility (7.4%).
However, there was a significant difference in the level of perception of
reproductive failures in cows by farmers in the five Divisions (c2
 =81.5, df = 4 p ≤ 0.001). It was also observed that among the three
categories of respondents [crop farmers (29), cattle grazers (145) and herdsmen
(33)], the herdsmen (90.9%) n=30) were more aware of zoonotic transmission than
the cattle grazers (30.3%, n=44) and crop farmers (72.4%, n=21),
 c2 = 49.3, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001.

The level of perception
of reproductive failures among cattle farmers was seen to be very low and
certainly has a great impact on cattle production in the Region. More awareness
campaigns on the risk of zoonotic disease transmission is needed to discourage
the consumption of raw milk and the sale of dead animals in the communities.

Keywords: Bovine reproductive
failures, zoonoses, infertility, abortion, embryonic death, brucellosis, RVF

Post-review Rundown

   View/get involved,
 [Post-Review Page]



Alexandratos, N. and J.
Bruinsma. (2012). World agriculture towards 2030/2050: the 2012
revision. ESA Working paper No. 12-03. Rome, FAO.


Bayemi P. H., Bryant M.
J., Perera B M A O, Mbanya N J, Cavestany D and Webb E C (2005). Milk
production in Cameroon: A Review. Livestock Research for Rural Development 17


Bayemi, P.H., Leinyuy
I., Nsongka V.M., Webb, E.C., Ebangi A.L., (2010). Viability of
cattle sperm under different storage conditions in Cameroon. Tropical
Animal Health and Production.


Bayemi, P. H., Mah, G.
D.,  Ndamukong, K., Nsongka, V.M., Leinyuy, I., Unger, H.,
Ndoumbe, N. M., Webb, E.C., Achukwi, M. D. Hakoueu, F. Luogbou, N.D., (2015).
Bovine Brucellosis in Cattle production Systems in the Western Highlands of
Cameroon, International Journal of Animal Biology 1 (2): 38-44


Beddington, J. (2010).
Food security: contributions from science to a new and greener
revolution. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 365:


Bellows D.S., S. L. Ott,
S.L., and Bellows, R.A. (2002). Cost of Reproductive Diseases and Conditions in
Cattle. The Professional Animal Scientist 18:26–32.


FAO (2002). Improved
animal health for poverty reduction and sustainable livelihood. FAO Animal and
health paper, No. 153. Rome, Italy


FAO Statistics Division (2006).
Food deprivation trends: midterm review of progress towards the World Food
Summit target. Working Paper Series WP007e, FAO, Rome, Italy.


FAO (2008). Briefing
paper: hunger on the rise. Rome, Italy


FAO. (2011). World Livestock 2011 – Livestock
in food security.
 Rome, Italy.


Godfray, H.C.J.,
Beddington, J.R., Crute, I.R., Haddad, L., Lawrence, D., Muir, J.F., Pretty,
J., Robinson, S., Thomas, S.M., Toulmin, C., (2010). Food Security: The
Challenge of Feeding 9 Billion People. Science 327:812-818.


Haileselassie, M.
Kalayou, S.  M.  Kyule, M. Asfaha, M. and Belihu, K. (2011). Effect
of Brucella Infection on Reproduction Conditions of Female Breeding Cattle and
Its Public Health Significance in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Veterinary
Medicine International


ILRI (2012). 13 zoonoses
responsible for 2.4 B cases of human illness per year.
 www.news-medical.net/news. Date Accessed


Kong A.T., Nsongka M.V.,
Itoe S.M., Hako A.T., Leinyuy I. (2016). Seroprevalence of Brucella
 in the Bamenda Municipal Abattoir of the Western Highlands, of
Cameroon. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 6(8): 245- 251


Lamb G. C., Dahlen C.,
Mercadante V.R.G, and Bischoff K. (2014). What Is the Impact of Infertility in
Beef Cattle?

Manu I.N., Andu W.N.,
Tarla D.N., Agharih W.N., (2014). Socio-economic effect of cattle theft on the

of the North West Region
of Cameroon. Scholarly Journal of Agricultural Science 4 (6): 299-305


Marcotty T., Matthys F.,
Godfroid J., Rigouts L., Ameni G., Gey Van Pittius N., Kazwala R, Muma J., Van
Helden J., Walravens K., De Klerk L.M., Geoghegan C., Mbotha D., Otte M., Amenu
K., Abu Samra N., Botha C., Ekron M., Jenkins A., Jori F., Kriek N., Mccrindle
C., Michel A., Morar D., Roger F., Thys E. And Van Den Bossche P. (2009).
Zoonotic tuberculosis and brucellosis in Africa: neglected zoonoses or minor
public-health issues? The outcomes of a multi-disciplinary workshop. Annals
of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology 103 (5): 401–411


Mutua E. N., Bukachi S.
A., Bett B. K., Estambale B. A., Nyamongo I. K. (2017) “We do not bury dead
livestock like human beings”: Community behaviors and risk of Rift Valley Fever
virus infection in Baringo County, Kenya. PLoS Neglected Tropical
Disease 11(5):


Nchinda, V.P., M.A. Che,
P. Ijang, A.A. Shidiki, and N.  Chi. 2014. Baseline survey report: “In
Search of Common Grounds for farmer-grazer conflicts in the North West region
of Cameroon”. MBOSCUDA-Cameroon MBOSCUDA-Cameroon


Ndambi, O. A., Tchouamo,
I., Bayemi, P. H. and Hemme, T. (2008). Milk production amongst Fulani grazers
in the Western Highlands of Cameroon: Constraints and development
peerspectives. Livestock Research for Rural Development 20(1) http/www.Irrd.org/Irrd20/1/cont2001httm.
Date Accessed 25/11/2011


Ngalim, A.N., (2015).
Cattle Rearing Systems in the North West Region of Cameroon: Historical Trends
on Changing Techniques and Strategies. Journal of Educational Policy
and Entrepreneurial Research. 2 (5): 175-189


Parente S. and van de
Weerd H., (2012). Food Security and Farm Animal Welfare. ciwf.org/foodsecurity
or wspa-international.org/farming


Pingpoh, D.P., Mbanya
Justin, Ntam Fidelis, Malaa Dorothy K, (2007). Some risk management practices
among the beef cattle farmers of the North West Province of Cameroon: effect on
technology dissemination


Sprott, L.R. and Field
R.W. (1998). Reproductive diseases in cattle.


Unger Fred and
Münstermann Susanne, (2004). Assessment of the impact of zoonotic infections
(bovine tuberculosis and brucellosis) in selected regions of The Gambia,
Senegal, Guinea, and Guinea Bissau – A Scoping study


World Development Report
2008: Agriculture for Development. Washington, DC. World Bank.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *