Nsongka Et Al

Nsongka et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (6), pp. 128-137, June 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 061918086

 

(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.6.061918086)

 

Cattle Farmers’
Perception of Reproductive Failures and Their Effects on Cattle Production in
the North West Region of Cameroon

 

 

NSONGKA Munji Victorine*1, 2,

NCHINDA Valentine Petentsebe1,

WIRNKAR Venasius Lendzemo1, NDIP
Lucy A.2,

KIMBI-MBUFONG Helen K.2, 3

 

1Institute of
Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD Bambui), P.O. Box 80 Bamenda, North
West Region.

2University of Buea,
South West Region.

3University of Bamenda,
North West Region.

Abstract

 

Reproductive
complications such as embryonic death, abortion and infertility are some of the
problems which cattle breeders face in the North West Region of Cameroon
although most of them may not realize the extent of economic loss that can
occur through these reproductive failures in their herds. This study was aimed
at assessing farmers’ perception of reproductive failures and their effects on
cattle production in the North West Region of Cameroon.

Primary data were
collected using 216 structured questionnaires administered to household heads
of cattle grazers, herdsmen and crop farmers in five Divisions (Boyo, Bui,
Donga Mantung, Mezam and Momo) of the North West Region. Chi-square statistics
were used to determine the differences in farmers’ perceptions.

There were three categories of
respondents; crop farmers 30(14.0%), cattle grazers 150(70.1%) which
constituted the majority of respondents and herdsmen 34(15.9%).
 Embryonic death was the commonest reproductive
failure observed (25%) followed by abortion (22.1%) and infertility (7.4%).
However, there was a significant difference in the level of perception of
reproductive failures in cows by farmers in the five Divisions (c2
 =81.5, df = 4 p ≤ 0.001). It was also observed that among the three
categories of respondents [crop farmers (29), cattle grazers (145) and herdsmen
(33)], the herdsmen (90.9%) n=30) were more aware of zoonotic transmission than
the cattle grazers (30.3%, n=44) and crop farmers (72.4%, n=21),
 c2 = 49.3, df = 2, p ≤ 0.001.

The level of perception
of reproductive failures among cattle farmers was seen to be very low and
certainly has a great impact on cattle production in the Region. More awareness
campaigns on the risk of zoonotic disease transmission is needed to discourage
the consumption of raw milk and the sale of dead animals in the communities.

Keywords: Bovine reproductive
failures, zoonoses, infertility, abortion, embryonic death, brucellosis, RVF

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