Abua Et Al


Abua et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (10), pp. 294-303, November 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 101716169



of Soil Properties under Shifting Cultivation System of Farming in Afikpo North
Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria


MA*, Iremoko CO and Igelle EI


Department of Geography and
Environmental Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.


An assessment of soil properties
under shifting cultivation system of farming in Afikpo North Local Government
Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria was carried out. The soil varied from sand, silt
and clay in texture. The bulk density of the topsoil and subsoil was 0.95 and
1.231 g/cm3, 0.1.78 and 1.2821 g/cm3, 1.2431 and 1.388
g/cm3, respectively for the forest, fallow and cropping plots. The
soil PH in the topsoil and subsoil was slightly acidicand tending towards
neutrality (PH 6.0-6.88)forthe forest, fallow and cropping plots.Organic Carbon
contentin the topsoil and subsoil ranged from 1.15-4.87%, Total Nitrogen
content 0.074-0.246%, Available Phosphorus 4.45-11.21 me/100g and Cation
Exchange Capacity 3.95-10.69me/100g for the forest, fallow and cropping plots.
Exchangeable Calcium, Sodium, Potassium and Magnesium ranged from 0.14-7.150
me/100g in the forest, fallow and cropping plots respectively. The soil
properties are low in the fallow and cropping plots.  Although, these soil properties are higher in
the fallow plot than cropping plot. There is low inherent fertility in the
cropping plot and would require improvement to support agricultural use. The
study therefore recommends Organic matter input, mulching and crop residue
management, as key to replenishing nutrient in the fallow and cropping plots.


properties, Fallow, Forest, Cropping, Plots, Topsoil, Subsoil.

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