Abua Et Al

Advertisements

Abua et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (10), pp. 294-303, November 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 101716169


(DOI:
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.10.101716169)

 

Assessment
of Soil Properties under Shifting Cultivation System of Farming in Afikpo North
Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria

 

Abua
MA*, Iremoko CO and Igelle EI

 

Department of Geography and
Environmental Science, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria.


Abstract

An assessment of soil properties
under shifting cultivation system of farming in Afikpo North Local Government
Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria was carried out. The soil varied from sand, silt
and clay in texture. The bulk density of the topsoil and subsoil was 0.95 and
1.231 g/cm3, 0.1.78 and 1.2821 g/cm3, 1.2431 and 1.388
g/cm3, respectively for the forest, fallow and cropping plots. The
soil PH in the topsoil and subsoil was slightly acidicand tending towards
neutrality (PH 6.0-6.88)forthe forest, fallow and cropping plots.Organic Carbon
contentin the topsoil and subsoil ranged from 1.15-4.87%, Total Nitrogen
content 0.074-0.246%, Available Phosphorus 4.45-11.21 me/100g and Cation
Exchange Capacity 3.95-10.69me/100g for the forest, fallow and cropping plots.
Exchangeable Calcium, Sodium, Potassium and Magnesium ranged from 0.14-7.150
me/100g in the forest, fallow and cropping plots respectively. The soil
properties are low in the fallow and cropping plots.  Although, these soil properties are higher in
the fallow plot than cropping plot. There is low inherent fertility in the
cropping plot and would require improvement to support agricultural use. The
study therefore recommends Organic matter input, mulching and crop residue
management, as key to replenishing nutrient in the fallow and cropping plots.

 

Keywords:
Soil
properties, Fallow, Forest, Cropping, Plots, Topsoil, Subsoil.

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]

References

Abua M. A. and Edet, E. O. (2007).Morphological and
physico-chemical characteristics of coastal plain soils of Southern Cross River
State, Nigeria.Nigeria Geographical
Journal,
5 (1): 109-114.

 

Abua, M. A. and Essoka, P. A. (2014).Soil properties
Southern Cross River State, South-South Nigeria.International Journal of Reseach in Agricultural Science, 1 (4):
265-272.

 

Adejuwon, J. O. and Adesina, F. A. (1990). Organic matter
and nutrient status of soils under cultivate fallows: an example of
Gilricidiasepium fallows from South Western Nigeria. Agro forestry Systems, 10:23-32.

 

Ahn, P. A. (1974). Some observation on basic and applied
research in shifting cultivation.Soils bulletin, 24 Rome F.A.O.

 

Aiboni, V. U. (1988).Soils 
of  a toposequence in Ekpoma,
Bendel State. Proceedings of the 16th
Annual Conference of Soil Science Society of Nigeria,
81-90.

 

Akanigbo, F. O. R. and Asadu, C. L. A. (1983). Influence on
parent materials on the soil of Southeastern Nigeria. East Africa Agricultural Journal 48:81-91.

 

Akpan-Idiok, A. K. and Esu, I. E. (2001). Morphological
characteristics of mangrove swamp soils in Cross River Estuary Southeast,
Nigeria. Proceedings of the 27th
Annual Conference of Soil Society of Nigeria, Calabar,
60-68.

 

Aniekwe M. A. N. (2006). Soil quality assessment and
monitoring. Enugu: New Generational Ventures Ltd., 19-21, 178-181. 

 

Aweto, A. O. and Obe O. A., (1993). Comparative effects of a
tree crop cocoa and shifting cultivation on a forest soil in Nigeria. Department of Geography, University of
Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Volume 13, number 3.

 

Bouyocous, G. J. (1926). Estimation of the colloidal
materials in soil. Soil Science, 64:362

 

Brady, N. C. (1990). The nature and properties of soils 10th
edition, Macmillan Pub.Co.New York.

 

Bray, R. H. and Kurtz, L. T. (1945). Determination of total
organic and available forms of phosphorus in Soil Sciences, 5: 39-45.

 

Campbell, C. A., McConkey, B. G., Biederbeck, V. O., Zenter,
R. P. Curtin, D. and Peru, M. R. (1998). Long term effect of tillage and fallow
frequency on soil quality attributes in the clay soil in semi-arid Southwestern
Saskatchewan. Soil Tillage Resource, 46, 135-144.

 

Enwezor,  W. O.,
Ohiri, A. C., Opuwaribo, E. E., &Udo, E. J. (1989). Review of fertility use
in crops in Southeastern Nigeria. Fertilizer
Procurement and Distribution, Lagos, Nigeria.
P.420.

 

Enwezor, W. O., Udo, E. J., &Sobulo, R. A.
(1981).Fertility status and productivity of the “Acid Sand’’.In Acid sands of
Northern Nigeria. Soil Science Society of Nigeria Spectrum Publication
Monograph, 1: 56-73.

 

Fallahazade, J. and Hajabbasi, M. A. (2011). Soil organic
matter status changes with cultivation of overgrazed pastures in semi-dry west
central Iran. International Journal of
Soil Science
, 6(2): 114-123.

 

Gupta, V. V. and Germida, J. J. (1988).Distribution of
microbial biomass and its activity in different soil aggregate size classes as
affected by cultivation.Soil Bio.Biochem,
20:777-786.

 

Harby, V. A., Rusette, M. P. and Skogley, E. O.
(1990).Testing soils for Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium. 181-227. In:
Westmaster, R. L. (ed). Soil testing and plant analysis.3rd ed.
SSSA. Madison: Washington DC. 

 

Holland, M. D., Allen, R. K. G., Barten, D. & Murphy, S. T. (1989).Land
evaluation and agricultural recommendations for Cross River National Park, Oban
Division.Prepared by the Overseas Development Resource Institute in
collaboration with WWF for the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Cross River
State Government.

 

Juo, A. S. R., Franzluebbers, K., Dabiri, A. &Ikhile, B.
(1995).Changes in soil properties during long term fallow and continuous
cultivation after forest clearing in Nigeria.Agricultural Ecosystem Environment, 56: 9-18.

 

Kowal, J. M. and Kassam A. H. (1978).Agricultural Ecology of
Savanna.A study of West Africa. Clarendon press, Oxford, UK.

 

Lal, R. (1987). Tropical Ecology and Physical Edephology,
Wiley, New York.

 

Lal, R. (2013). Soil Ecosystem Services in Lal et al (eds).
Ecosystem Services and Carbon sequentration in the Bioshere, Sringer,
London,Pp.11-28.

 

Nye, R. H. and Greenland, D. S. (1960).Soil under shifting
cultivation.Technical communication
No. 51 Harpenden.

 

Ogban, P. I., Akwue, I. P. and Maduako, O. (2001).Properties
and management of catenary soils on coastal plain sands in Southern Nigeria, in
proceedings of the 25th Annual conference of Soil Science Society of
Nigeria, 45-52.

 

Oguike, P. C. and Mbagwu, J. S. C. (2009). Variations in
some physical properties and organic matter content of soils coastal plain sand
under different land used types. World
Journal of Agricultural Science,
5 (1): 63-69.

 

Okigbo, B. N. (1982). Shifting cultivation in tropical
Africa.Definition and description. Page.18. In: The future of shifting
cultivation in Africa and the task of Universities. Proceedings of the
international workshop on shifting cultivation, teaching and research at
University level Ibadan, Nigeria. Page (ed) Bunting, A. H. and Edward, B.,
FOAUN Rome.

 

Sanchez, P. (1995). Science in Agroforestry.Agroforestry System, 30:5-55.

 

Stewart, R., Nathan, B. and Oghenekome, O. (2000).Soil
Science for Archeologist. Page (ed), Michael, R. and Virginia, H., Florida
Agricultural and Mechanical University and Southeast Archeological Centre,
National Park Service Volume 1.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *