Degife Et Al

Degife et al

Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(4),
pp. 382-395, 2019

ISSN:
2276-7770

Copyright
©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.4.090219165 

https://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

 

 

Genetic
Variability Analysis of Agro-Morphological Traits among Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes at Raya
Valley of Southern Tigray, Ethiopia

 

 

1Girma
Degife*; 2Wassu Mohammed; 3Kebebew Assefa

 

 

1 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural
Research, Mehoni Agricultural Research Centre, P.O. Box 47, Mehoni, Ethiopia

2Haramaya University, P.O. Box 138, Haramaya,
Ethiopia

3 Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural
Research, Debre-Zeit Agricultural Research Centre, Debre-Zeit, Ethiopia

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 090219165

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.4.090219165

 

 

Assessment of genetic
variability in crop species is one of the major activities of plant breeding
which helps to design breeding methods and/or selection of genotypes for
further evaluation to meet the diversified goals. Therefore, this field
experiment was conducted to assess the genetic variability in bread wheat
genotypes. The field evaluation of 32 genotypes and 4 released varieties was
conducted in 6 x 6 Triple Lattice Design at Mehoni Agricultural Research
Station in 2017 cropping season. Results of analysis of variance revealed
the presence of significant differences among genotypes for 12 quantitative
traits. The variation observed among genotypes for grain yield ranged from
2.80 to 5.33 t ha-1. The four genotypes (QAFZAH-2/FERRIUG-2,
KAUZ’S’/FLORKWA1//GOUMRIA-3, ETBW5957and SERI 82/SHUHA’S’//PASTOR-2 had
yield advantage of 7.58 to 12.21% over the high yielding check variety,
GAMBO (4.75 t ha-1). Phenotypic (PCV) and genotypic (GCV) coefficient of
variations ranged from 5.67 (plant height) to 14.74 (fertile tiller per
plot) and 7.06 (days to maturity) to 19.08% (fertile tiller per plot),
respectively. Heritability (H2) in broad sense and genetic advance as
percent of mean (GAM) ranged between 41.46 (biomass yield) and 89.08 (days
to heading) and 8.56 (plant height) and 24.09% (harvest index),
respectively. High H2 estimates coupled with moderate or high GAM for plant
height, days to heading, days to maturity, spike length, grain yield,
spikelets per spike and harvest index suggested the higher chance of
improving these traits through selection of genotypes for high mean
performance.

 

Submitted: 02/09/2019

Accepted:  22/09/2019

Published: 01/11/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Girma
Degife

E-mail: girmadegife12@ gmail.com

 

Keywords:

Heritability; Genotypic Coefficient of Variations; Genetic Advance

 

 


Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]               [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]


 

REFERENCES

.

Adhiena
Mesele, Wassu Mohammed and Tadesse Dessalegn. 2016. Estimation of Heritability
and Genetic Advance of Yield and Yield Related Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes at Ofla
District, Northern Ethiopia. International
Journal of

 

Alemu Dabi Borena. 2016. Genetic Variability and
Association among Grain Yield and Yield Related Traits of Bread Wheat
(Triticum aestivum
L.) Genotypes.
MSc Thesis Postgraduate Program
Directorate, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

 

Ali, Y., Manzoor A. B., Akhter J., Monneveux P. And Lateef Z. 2008. Genetic Variability, Association and
Diversity Studies in Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Germplasm. Pakistan
Journal of Bot
any. 40(5): 2087-2097.

 

Allard, RW. 1960. Principles of Plant
Breeding. John Wiley and Sons. Inc. New York. P430.

 

Berhanu
Mamo Andarge. 2004. Genetic variability and character associations in bread
wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes developed for semiarid areas. MSc
Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies of Alemaya University,
Ethiopia.

 

Berhanu
Meles, Wassu Mohammed and Yemane Tsehaye. 2017. Genetic variability,
correlation and path analysis of yield and grain quality traits in bread wheat
(Tritium aestivum L.) genotypes at
Axum, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of Plant
Breeding and Crop Science
9(10):175-185.

 

Bisne,
R, Sarawgi, AK and Verulkar, SB. 2009. Study of heritability, genetic advance,
and variability for yield contributing characters in rice. Bangladesh Journal of Agriculture Research, 34(2): 175-179.

 

CSA
(Central Statistical Agency). 2017. Report on Area and Production of Major
Crops (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season). Agricultural Sample Survey
2016/2017. Central Statistics Agency, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Dawit Tsegaye, Tadesse Dessalegn, Yigzaw Dessalegn
and Getnet Share. 2012. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis in
durum wheat germplasm (Triticum durum Desf). Wudpecker Research
Journals
, 1(4):107 -112.

 

Dergicho
Dutamo, Sentayehu Alamerew, Firdisa Eticha and Gezahegn Fikre. 2015a. Genetic Variability in Bread Wheat (Triticum
aestivum L
.) Germplasm for Yield and Yield Component Traits. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and
Healthcare
5(13).

 

Desheva,
G., Cholakov, T. 2014. Variability, heritability and genetic progress for some
yield components in common winter wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivum L.).
Genetics and Plant Physiology, Conference “Plant Physiology and
Genetics-Achievements and Challenges”, Sofia, Bulgaria, 4(3-4): 191-200.

 

Falconer, D.S. and Trudy, F.C. Mackay.
1996. Introduction to Quantitative Genetics. 4th ed. Longman Group Limited,
Malaysia.

 

FAO. 2017. Food and Agricultural
Organization.
CROP
PROSPECTS and FOOD SITUATION. Quarterly Global Report. March 2018.

 

Foulkes,
Slafer, MJ., Davies, GA., Berry, WJ., Sylvester-Bradley, Martre, PM., R.,
Calderini P., DF., Griffiths, S. and Reynolds, MP. 2011. Raising yield
potential of wheat. III. Optimizing partitioning to grain while maintaining
lodging resistance. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62, 469-486.

 

Gezahegn Fikre, Sentayehu Alamerew,
Zerihun Tadesse. 2015.

Genetic Variability Studies in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes at Kulumsa Agricultural
Research Center, South East Ethiopia.
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and
Healthcare
. 5(7)
2224-3208.

 

Gomez,
K.A. and Gomez, A.A. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research,
2nd.

 

Haileslassie,
Gebremeskel, Haile Abebe, Wakuma Biratu, Kedir Jalato .2015. Performance
evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) varieties for productivity
under irrigation at Raya Valley, Northern, Ethiopia. Basic Research Journal Agricultural Science. Rev. 4(7):211-216.

 

Hasna,
D., Ferdous, M. F., Mia, M. S., and Shamsuddin, A., 2011. Study on genetic divergence
and relationship between yield and yield contributing characters in spring
wheat. Journal of Agroforestry. Environ. 5 (1): 121-124.

 

Idrees, N. and Khan, M.I., 2009. Design improvement
using uniformity trials experimental data. Pak. J. Agri. Sci46(4),
pp.315-320.
Jaynes,
DB, Kaspar, TC, Colvin, TS, James, DE. 2003. Cluster analysis of spatiotemporal
corn yield patterns in an Iowa field. Agronomy
Journal
.95:574–586.

 

Johnson,
H. W, Robinson, H. F. and Comstock, R E. 1955. Estimate of genetic and environmental
variability in soya bean. Agronomy Journal, 47:314-8.

 

Khan,
A.S., Ashfaq, M. and Asad, M.A., 2003. A correlation and path coefficient
analysis for some yield components in bread wheat. Asian Journal of
Plant Science
2(8):582-584.

 

Kolakar,
S., Shashikala, S., Hanchinal, R.R. and Nadukeri, Sadashiv. 2012. Assessment of
genetic variability in wheat genotypes, Advance Research Journal Crop Improvement, 3 (2):
114-117.

 

Maqbool,
R., Sajjad, M. Khaliq, I. Aziz-ur-Rehman, Khan, A.S. and Khan, S.H. 2010.
Morphological diversity and traits association in bread wheat (Triticum
aestivum
L.). Am. Eurasian Journal of
Agriculture
Environ. Sci., 8:216-224.

 

Masood, M.A., Faroo, K., Mujahid, Y. and Anwar,
Z.M. 2008. Improvement in precision of agricultural field experiments through
design and analysis. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Science. 6(2):
89-91.

 

Mohammed Abinasa1, Amsalu Ayana and Geremew
Bultosa.2011. Genetic variability, heritability and trait associations
in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L. var. durum) genotypes.
African Journal of Agricultural Research, 6(17)3972-3979.

 

Mollasadeghi,
V., Elyasi S., and Mirzamasoumzadeh, B. 2012. Genetic variation of 12 bread
wheat genotypes based on number of phonological and morphological traits. Annals
of Biological Research,
3 (10):4734-4740.

 

Obsa Chimdesa Bekana. 2014. Genetic Variability among Bread Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.)
Genotypes For Growth Characters, Yield
And Yield Components In Bore
District, Oromia Regional State. MSc thesis Postgraduate Program Directorate,
Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

 

Sleper,
D.A. and Poehlman, J.M. 2006. Breeding
Field Crops.
  5th edition
.
Blackwell Publishing, Professional, Ames, Iowa.

 

Rehman, S. Ur, Abid, M. A., Bilal, M., Ashra, J.,
Liaqat, S., Ahmed, R. I. and Qanmber G. 2015. Genotype by trait analysis and
estimates of heritability of wheat (Triticum
aestivum
L.) under drought and control conditions.
Basic Research Journal of Agricultural Science and
Review
, 4(4):127-134.

 

Reynolds,
M., Bonnett, D., Chapman, SC., Furbank, RT., Manès, Y., Mather, DE. and Parry,
MAJ. 2012. Raising yield potential of wheat. I. Overview of a consortium
approach and breeding strategies. Journal of Experimental Botany, 62,
439-452.

 

Robinson H. F., J. H. W. and Comstock,
R. E. 1955. Estimation of genetic and environmental variability in soybeans. Agronomy
Journal. 47
, 314-318.

 

SAS.
2008. Statistical Analysis System.Version 9.2, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.,
USA.

 

Shewry, PR. 2009. Wheat. Journal of Experimental Botany 60, 1537-1553.

 

Singh,
B.D. 1993. Plant Breeding Principles and Methods. Kalyani Publishers. Ludhiana.
New Delhi.

 

Sivasubramaniah,
V. and Madhavamenon, P. 1973. Path analysis for yield and yield components of
rice. Madras Agricultural Journal, 60:1217-1221.

 

Waqar-Ul-Haq,
MF Malik, M Rashid, M Munir, Z Akram. 2008. Evaluation and Estimation Of
Heritability and Genetic Advancement for Yield Related Attributes in Wheat
Lines. Pak J Bot, 40(4): 1699–1702.

 

Welsh,
J. R. 1981. Fundamentals of plant genetics and breeding, John
willey and Sons, Inc. Newyork. P 290.

 

Yadawad
Arati, R. R. Hanchinal, H. L. Nadaf, S. A. Desai, Suma Biradar and V. Rudra
Naik. 2015. Genetic variability for yield parameters and rust resistance in f2
population of wheat (Triticum aestivum
L.)  Karnataka, India. The Bioscan.
10(2): 707-710.


 

 

Cite this Article: Degife
G; Mohammed W; Assefa k (2019). Genetic Variability Analysis of
Agro-Morphological Traits among Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Genotypes at Raya Valley of Southern
Tigray, Ethiopia. Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences
9(4): 382-395, https://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.4.090219165.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *