Getahun

Getahun

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (6), pp. 195-202, June 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 052316097


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.6.052316097)

 

Adoption Monitoring Survey Analysis
of Conservation Agriculture (CA), Southern Region, Ethiopia

 

Getahun Degu

 

Senior
researcher, Agricultural Economist, SARI/Hawassa Agricultural Research Centre.


Abstract

Conservation agriculture
includes on-farm exploratory trials, regarding maize and haricot bean varieties
by planting sole and intercrop for both crops. Maize is considered as the main
staple crop of the study area and common bean cash crop and protein source of
the farmers in many low lands and mid altitude zones of Ethiopia. The country’s
export earnings from haricot bean exceed that of other pulses such as lentils,
horse bean and chickpea. Low production and productivity, which are mainly
associated with poor adoption of improved technologies and poor marketing
system, were among the major problems.
Adoption of improved technologies is one of the most promising ways to
reduce food insecurity in Ethiopia. However, the adoption and dissemination of
these technologies is constrained by various factors. To this end, the aim of
this study was to empirically examine the adoption rate and intensity of
adoption of improved conservation technologies vs conventional agriculture in
the study area. The snow ball sampling procedures was followed to select
sampled households for the study. Six rural kebeles per district were considered
as beneficiaries of the CA, and for the three districts, 353 household heads
were selected randomly using probability proportional to size sampling.
Structured interview schedule was developed, pre-tested and used for collecting
the essential quantitative data for the study from the sampled households.  Secondary data were collected from relevant
sources such as the district office of agriculture and rural development
published and unpublished.

The result of the study indicated that majority of farmers in the study
area preferred conservation agriculture vs conventional ones regarding their
profitability. Moreover, farmers’ practice was found largely to deviate from
research and extension recommendations.
 
Hence, the adoption monitoring survey result recommended to promote most
adopted ones and to modify those activities such as inputs considered as
constraints to the reach of farmers by establishing an agribusiness modelling
based on the existing farmers’ organizations for sustainability of conservation
agriculture in the study area.

 

Keywords: Survey,
Adoption monitoring, Conservation agriculture, Profitability, on-farm trials,
sampling, data and descriptive statistics.

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