Kamalu And Ndeh


Kamalu and Ndeh

Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(4), pp. 466-472,

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the
copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)








Farmers Participatory Soil Quality Assessment in Ibiono Ibom Area, Akwa Ibom
State, Nigeria.


Kamalu, Onyinyechi  Jas.1;
*Ndeh, Aniebiet  Bassey2


Crop and Soil Science Department, University
of Port Harcourt, P.M.B. 5323 Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.


Emails: onyikamalu@ gmail.
com1; aniebietabasi4jesus@ gmail. com2






Type: Research


study centered on rural farmers’ participatory soil quality assessment in
eight communities (Ibiaku Osuk, Ikot Usen, Use Ndon, Ikpa Ikot Uneke,
Ibiaku Ikot Usan, Use Ikot Amama, Edem Uraua and Oko-Ita) of Ibiono Ibom
Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. The approaches employed were on-farm
and household interviews. The study was based on administration of
questionnaires and focus group discussions. A total of sixty (60) farmers
were involved in the study. The rural farmers in Ibiono Ibom area consider
soil quality in relation to the following aspects: visual appearance (soil
colour and organic matter), Ease of tillage operation (soil texture), land
forms (slope, erosion threat, drainage) and History of the land (fallow
period, past yield record and prevalent weed in the area). The farmers in
Ibiono Ibom have three soil quality classes using colour as index. These
classes are: Obubid Isong (black or
dark soil) which is ranked to be the best in terms of productivity, Idaidat Isong (red or dark brown soil) and Isong Mbat (gray
bleached, heavy and poorly drained). Based on texture, the soils were
classified as; Isong Mberi (presence of high organic
matter  and very easy to till),  Isong
ntan/ adan ntan
(soils high in sand content) which soil type is believed
to be a bad soil because it does not have a good water retention capacity,
leaching of nutrients easily occur and organic matter content is low, Isong Mbat/Aduang Isong (soils high in
clay content and poorly drained) and Ikon-eto
(hard soils, often characterized by the presence of stones and tree stumps).
The ranking of soil properties as soil quality determinant in the area was of
the descending order; Colour and Past Harvest record > Texture >
Vegetation > Fallow period > Topography > Location > Ease of
Tillage > Drainage.


Accepted:  14/12/2019

Published: 25/12/2019



Aniebiet  Bassey

aniebietabasi4jesus@ gmail.com



soil quality; soil quality determinants; rural farmers’
perspective; productivity ranking



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Cite this Article: Kamalu, OJ; Ndeh, AB (2019). Rural Farmers
Participatory Soil Quality Assessment in Ibiono Ibom Area, Akwa Ibom State,
Nigeria. Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences
9(4): 466-472.



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