Komenan-Ani et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (6), pp. 186-194, June 2016. ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Paper Manuscript Number: 042916081 (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.6.042916081) Agronomic Performance of Cultivars of Vignasubterranea (L.) from Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso Cultivated under different Environments Ahou Suzane Komenan-Ani, Kouamé Kévin Koffi, Kouakou Laurent Kouakou, Kouadio Ignace Kouassi and Bi Irié Arsène Zoro Nangui Abrogoua University. Department of Natural Sciences, Laboratory of Genetics, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire. Abstract Bambara groundnut [Vignasubterranea (L.) Verdc.] is an important grain-legume. The plant is grown in diverse agro-ecological conditions.However in many of them, the yield is low according to cultivars used and the environment. This research was carried out in order to evaluate the ability of cultivars to adapt to different environments. The performance of three cultivars from Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso: Ivory seed coat (ISC); Beige red seed coat (BRC) and Black seed coat (BSC) were tested. The test was conducted in two locations representing two different agroclimatic conditions and different soil types in Côte d’Ivoire. Eleven agronomic parameters selected from the Bambara groundnut descriptor were measured: two phenological parameters, six growth and three yield parameters. There were study sites x seeds origin interaction for all cultivars. The best values of yield parameters were obtained with seeds from Burkina-faso. Evaluation of field performance showed that when cultivation was carried out in Abidjan (south), the best values of phenological parameters were observed for ISC-CI, ISC-BF and BSC-BF. Cultivar BSC-CI gave the highest values of growth parameters. The best values of seed harvest index (SHI) and seeds weight per plant (SWP) were obtained with cultivars ISC and BSC from Burkina-Faso. When experimentation was conducted in Manfla (Center), the earliest cultivars were BRC-CI; ISC-CI; ISC-BF and BSC-BF. The best growth parameters were obtained with two cultivars from Côte d’Ivoire (BRC and BSC). The best yield was obtained with cultivar ISC-BF and BSC-BF. Keywords: Bambara groundnut, Vignasubterranea, cultivars, Agronomic performance, study sites x seeds origin. Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page] References Berchie JN, Sarkodie-Addo J, Adu-Dapaah H, Agyemang A, Addy S, Asare E and Donkor J (2010). Yield evaluation of the tree early maturing Bambara goundnut (Vignasubterranea L. Verdc landraces at the SCIR-Crops ReaserchIntitute, Fumesua-Kumasi, Ghana. J. Agron. 9: 175-179. Bonny SB and Djè Y (2011).Variabilitémorphologiqueetagronomique des variétéstraditionnelles de voandzou [Vignasubterranea (l.) verdc. (fabaceae)] de Cote d’Ivoire. J. appl. biosci.41: 2820 – 2835. Brink M, Sibuga KP, Tarimo AJP and Ramolemana GM (2000). Quantifying photothermal influences on reproductive development in Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea): modeles and their validation. . Field Crops Res. 66 (1): 1-14. Chweya JA and Eyzaguirre PB (1999).The biodiversity of traditional leavy vegetables. Rome, IPGRI, 182 pages. Cleland EE, Chuine I, Menzel A, Mooney HA and Schwartz MD (2007).Shifting plant phenology in response to global change.Trends Ecol. Evol. 22 (7): 357-365. Cornelissen RLEJ (2005). Modelling variation in the physiology of Bambara Groundnut (Vignasubterranea (L.)Verdc. ). Cranfield (UK):,Cranfield University at Silsoe; PhD: 190 Pages. Howard PL(2003). Women and plants: gender relations in biodiversity management and conservation. Publish (London). 320 Pages IPGRI (2002). Neglected and underutilized plant species: strategic action plan of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI). Rome: IPGRI, 30 pages. Jalota SK, Sood A and Harmanc WL (2006).Assessing the response of chickpea (Ciceraeritinum L.) yield to irrigation water on two soils in Punjab (India): a simulation analysis using the CROPMAN model.Agric.Water.Manag. 79 (3): 312-320. Kouassi NJ and Zoro Bi IA (2010). Effect of sowing density and technique on yield and yield components in Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea) in woodland savannahs of Côte d’Ivoire.Exp. Agric. 46 (1): 99-110. Linnemann AR, Westphal E and Wessel M (1995). Photoperiod regulation of development and growth in Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea). Field Crop Res. 40 (5): 39-47. Loss SP, Siddique KHM and Martin LD (1997). Adaptation of faba bean (Viciafaba L.) to dryand Mediterranean-type environments II. Phenology, canopy development, radiation absorbtion and biomass partitioning.Field Crop Res. 52 (1-2): 29-41. Ludlow MM and Muchow RC (1990).A critical evaluation of traits for improving crop yield in water-limited environments.Agronomy 43: 107-153. Massawe FJ, Mwale SA, Azam-Ali SN and Roberts JA (2005).Breeding in Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea (L.) Verdc.): strategic considerations. Afr. J. Biotechnol.4 (6): 463-471. Mendelsohn R and Dinar A (1999). Climate change, agriculture, and developing countries: does adaptation matter? World Bank Res. Obs. 14 (2): 277-293. Muchowa RC and Sinclair TR (1986). Water and nitrogen limitations in soybean grain production II. Field and model analyses.Field Crop Res. 15 (2): 143-156. Ouedraogo M, Ouedraogo JT, Tignéré J-B, Balma D, Dabiré CB and Konaté B (2008). Characterization and evaluation of accessions of Bambara groundnut (Vignasubterranea (L.)Verdcourt) from Burkina Faso.Sci. Nat. 5 (2): 191 – 197. SAS (1999).SAS/ETS User’s Guide; version 6. Cary, North Carrolina (USA), SAS Institute. Seguin B (2003).Adaptation des systèmes de production agricole au changementclimatique.Compterendu Geosciences 335: 569–575 Soares ER, Fernandes R, da Silva Londero L, Dos Santos DL, Corrêa SCS, Corrêa EAS, dos Santos RC, Gomes AP, Galon L, Fabiana FP and GonçalvesRdS (2014). Agronomic Performance of Cultivars of Upland Rice in the Southern of the Region of Rondônia, Brazil.Agri. Sci. 5: 513-518. Souza RP, Machado EC, Silva JAB, Lagôa AMMA and Silveira JAG (2004). Photosynthetic gas exchange, chlorophyll fluorescence and some associated metabolic changes in cowpea (Vignaunguiculata) during water stress and recovery. Environ. Exp. Bot. 51 (1): 45-56. Tefera T (2006). Yield of common bean cultivars under semi-arid conditions in eastern Ethiopia. . Trop. Sci. 46 (3): 155-159. Thomson BD, Siddique KHM, Barr MD and Wilson JM (1997)). Grain legume species in low rainfall mediterranean-type environments I. Phenology and seed yield. Field Crop Res 54 (2-3): 173-187. Touré Y, Koné M, Silué S and Kouadio YJ (2013). Prospection, collecteetcaracterisationagromorphologique des morphotypes de voandzou [Vigna subterranea (l.) verdc. (fabaceae)] de la zone savanicole en Côte d’Ivoire. Eur Scientific J. 9: 308-325. Tsegaye B (1997). The significance of biodiversity for sustaining agricultural production and role of women in the traditional sector: the Ethiopian experience. .AgricEcosyst Environ 62 (2-3): 215-227. Vernooy R(2003). Les Semences du monde :l’amélioration participative des plantes. Ottawa (Canada). Publish 120 Pages.