Komenan Ani Et Al

Komenan-Ani et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (6), pp. 186-194, June 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 042916081


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.6.042916081)

 

Agronomic Performance of
Cultivars of Vignasubterranea (L.)
from Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso Cultivated under different Environments

 

Ahou Suzane Komenan-Ani, Kouamé Kévin Koffi, 

Kouakou Laurent Kouakou, Kouadio Ignace Kouassi and 

Bi Irié Arsène Zoro

 

Nangui
Abrogoua University. Department of Natural Sciences, Laboratory of Genetics, 02
BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte d’Ivoire.


Abstract

Bambara groundnut [Vignasubterranea (L.) Verdc.] is an
important grain-legume. The plant is grown in diverse agro-ecological
conditions.However in many of them, the yield is low according to cultivars
used and the environment. This research was carried out in order to evaluate
the ability of cultivars to adapt to different environments. The performance of
three cultivars from Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso: Ivory seed coat (ISC);
Beige red seed coat (BRC) and Black seed coat (BSC) were tested. The test
was conducted in two locations representing two different agroclimatic
conditions and different soil types in Côte d’Ivoire. Eleven agronomic
parameters selected from the Bambara groundnut descriptor were measured: two
phenological parameters, six growth and three yield parameters. There were
study sites x seeds origin interaction for all
cultivars. The best values of yield parameters were obtained with seeds from
Burkina-faso. Evaluation of field performance showed that when cultivation was
carried out in Abidjan (south), the best values of phenological parameters were
observed for ISC-CI, ISC-BF and BSC-BF. Cultivar BSC-CI gave the highest values
of growth parameters. The best values of seed harvest index (SHI) and
seeds weight per plant (SWP) were obtained with cultivars ISC and BSC from
Burkina-Faso. When experimentation was conducted in Manfla (Center), the
earliest cultivars were BRC-CI; ISC-CI; ISC-BF and BSC-BF. The best growth
parameters were obtained with two cultivars from Côte d’Ivoire (BRC and BSC).
The best yield was obtained with cultivar ISC-BF and BSC-BF.

 

Keywords: Bambara
groundnut, Vignasubterranea,
cultivars, Agronomic performance, study sites x seeds
origin.

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