Oyerinde Et Al

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Oyerinde et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (8), pp. 216-222, October 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 082917112


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.8.082917112)

 

Population
Dynamics of Species of Flea Beetle on Okra (Abelmoschus
esculentus
L. MOENCH) and its Impact on Production

 

Oyerinde
AA1*, Musa AK2, Olusi CA1, Salako EA1,
Oyerinde GT3

 

1Department of Crop Protection,
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, Nigeria.

2Department of Crop Protection,
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.

3Department of Soil Science,
Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, Nigeria.


Abstract

This study was conducted to
evaluate the impact of the population dynamics of species of flea beetle on
Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L)
Moench) production in FCT Abuja. The experiment was conducted at the Teaching
and Research Farm, University of Abuja, Abuja. The treatments comprised of four
different plant spacing of 50cm x 30cm, 50cm x 35cm, 50cm x 40cm and 50cm x
45cm. The two species of flea beetle
encountered in the study (Monolepta
goldingi
and M. nigeriae) were
recorded from 3 Weeks after Planting (WAP). The population of M. goldingi recorded was higher than M. nigeriae in the entire plot and
throughout the duration of the experiment although the population of both
remained high throughout the vegetative stage than the reproductive phase of
growth of okra.  Also, it was observed
that the closely spaced plants had more pest infestation than wider spaced plants.
The difference in the plant spacing has significance on the insect count and
its population has significant reduction (P < 0.05) in fruit production,
branching and Days to Flowering. The best fruit yield was obtained on the plot
with plant spacing’s of 50cm x 40cm, which yielded 11.84 fruits.          

 

Keywords:
Okra,
FCT Abuja, Monolepta goldingi, Monolepta 
nigeriae
, Yield.


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