Timon Et Al


Timon et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(3), pp. 288-296, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019,
the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.3.061519109




Growth and Yield
Response of Tiger Nut (Cyperus esculentus
L.) to Different Rates of NPK,
Cattle Dung and Poultry Droppings in Mubi Adamawa State Nigeria


Timon, D.;
Zakawa, N.N.; Yusuf, C.S.; Aisha, A.


Department of Botany Adamawa State
University P.M.B 25 Mubi Adamawa State Nigeria





Article No.: 061519109

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.3.061519109



A field experiment was conducted at
Teaching and Research Farm, Adamawa State University, Mubi, in the Northern
Guinea Savanna of Nigeria during the 2017 growing season June to December
2017, to investigate the response of
tiger nuts (Cyperus esculentus L.)
to NPK, Cattle dung and Poultry droppings with the objective of
selecting the best fertilizer combinations that can boost the yield of tiger
nut. The treatments consisted of 
T1=240kgha-1 NPK, T2= 240kgha-1 Poultry
droppings (PD), T3= 480kg-1 Cow dung (CD) T4=177.5kgha-1
NPK+62.5kgha-1 Poultry droppings (PD), T5=177.5kg-1 NPK
+302.5kg-1 Cow dung (CD) T6=100kgha-1 NPK+ 140kgha-1
Poultry droppings (PD)+240kg-1 Cow dung (CD) T7= Control (no
fertilizer treatment).  The experiment
was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD), in three (3)
replicates data was collected on Plant height,
Number of leaves, Days of 50% flowering, Days
to 90% maturity, Number of tuber per plant, 100 tuber weight, tuber
yield per plot and tuber yield kg/ha. Data collected was subjected to Analysis
of Variance (ANOVA) using MINITAB computer software program, significant
means were separated using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at P ≤ 0.05.
Simple Pearson correlation was also conducted to show the relationship
between these observed characters to yield
. The result revealed  that, the soil treated with the mixture
NPK+ 140kgha-1 Poultry droppings (PD)+240kg-1 Cow dung
(CD) recorded the fastest growth, yielded the highest number of leaves,  produced the heaviest tuber weight, highest
number of tuber per plan, tuber yield per plot and tuber yield in Kgha-1
compared with the other treatments.
findings from this re
search revealed that a
mixture of
NPK+ 140kgha-1 Poultry droppings (PD) + 240kgha-1 Cow
is the best fertilizer combination and
rate that can enhance the yield of tiger nut. Significant positive
correlation between tuber yield and plant height number of leaves, hundred
tuber weights, number of tuber per plant, and tuber yield per plant suggest
that increase in these characters will lead to increase in tuber yield of
tiger nut, hence these are important characters to be considered when
planning for hybridization involving tiger nut for yield improvement


Submitted: 06/06/2019


Published: 28/07/2019


*Corresponding Author

Timon, D.

E-mail: timondavid@

Phone: +2347036813679



esculentus; Poultry dropping; Cow dung; NPK; correlation



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Cite this Article: Timon, D; Zakawa, NN; Yusuf, CS; Aisha, A
(2019). Growth and Yield Response of Tiger Nut (Cyperus esculentus L.) to Different Rates of NPK, Cattle Dung and
Poultry Droppings in Mubi Adamawa State Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(3): 288-296,

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