Yousr Et Al

Yousr et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (5), pp. 178-186, June 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 021014100

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.5.021014100


Effects of Controlled Mycorrhization on Production of Jacaranda
mimosifolia
D.Don

 

Zaouchi Yousr*, Ben
Bahri Nada, Ben Jeddi Faysal, Rezgui Salah, Bettaieb Taoufik

 

Institut National
Agronomique de Tunisie (INAT), 1082 Tunis – Mahrajène, Tunisie.

 

*Corresponding Author’s Email: yosr_zaouchi_koubaji@ live. fr, Tel: (+216) 71 28 71 10,

Fax: (+216) 71 79 93 91

Abstract:

Growth
and mineral absorption of ornamental woody plant such as Jacaranda mimosifolia
D. Don., in gnotoxenic conditions out of a mycorrhization by a commercial inoculum
containing Glomus irregulare were studied.

Used
Jacaranda
plants are one- year old, they were first grown, in 10/12cm caliber pots then in 16/18cm caliber pots for 6 months
in a sterile substrate consisting of 2/3 commercial peat and 1/3 sand. Four
treatments, achieved three times, were processed. Apart from the control, two
other treatments consisted of the addition of commercial inoculum
containing Glomus irregulare to the culture substrate, at a rate of 62.5
mg / plant for the first and 100 mg / plant for the second. These quantities
respectively correspond to 100 propagules / plant and 160 propagules / plant.
The fourth treatment is illustrated by the incorporation of 4g/plant of OSMOCOT
EXACT standard-Scotts fertilizer; 15 + 9 + 12 (+2.5), into the substrate.

Mycorrhization
rate of inoculated plants by 100mg/plant dose reached 43.21% while it only
reached 21.48% for those that received 62.5mg/plant. Colonization remains at
the beginning of installation presenting essentially mycorrhizal hyphae
structures.  Mycorrhization significantly
improves nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium nutrition of Jacaranda. This
results in a stimulation of plant growth Level of mycorrhization by 21.48% and achieve
gains of aerial dry biomass of about 45.5% and root volume of about 46.29%.
When the level of mycorrhization is equal to 43.21%, these
gains correspond to, respectively, 59.1% and 67.28%. Fertilization provides for
gains of 29.58% in aerial dry biomass and 9.69% in plants height. It has no
effect on roots volume.

Keywords: Jacaranda mimosifolia D. Don- controlled
mycorrhization- commercial inoculums- growth-nutrition.

Reference:

Aliasgharzad N,
Bolandnazar SA, Neyshabouri MR
and
Chaparzadeh N, (2009).
Impact of soil sterilization
and irrigation intervals on P and K acquisition by mycorrhizal onion (Allium cepa L.). Biologia 64: 512-515.

Aroca R, Porcel R and Ruíz-Lozano JM, (2007).
How does arbuscular
mycorrhizal symbiosis regulate root hydraulic properties and plasma membrane
aquaporins in Phaseolus vulgaris under drought,cold or salinity stresses?. New
Phytologist 173: 808–816.

Bolan NS, (1991). A critical review on the role of mycorrhizal fungi in the uptake of
phosphorus by plant.
Plant and
soil 134 : 189-207.

Bousselmame F, Kenny  L and Achouri M, (2002). Effet des mycorhizes à vésicules et arbuscules sur la
croissance et la nutrition de l’arganier (Argania spinosa L.). Revue Marocaine
des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires. Actes Institut Agronomique et
Vétérinaire (Maroc) 22 (4) : 193-198.

Bucher M, (2007). Functional biology of plant phosphate uptake at root
and mycorrhiza interfaces. New Phytol. 173: 11-26.

Citernesi
AS, Vitagliano C
and Giovannetti M, (1998). Plant growth root system morphology
of Olea europaea L. Rooted cuttings as influenced by arbuscular
mycorrhizas. S J Horticult Sci Biotechnol. 73(5): 647-654

Clark RB and Zeto SK, (2000). Mineral acquisition by arbuscular mycorrhizal
plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition 23: 867–902.

Dione Y, Sy MO, Diop AT,
Diallo A and Ba AT, (2004).
Réponse d’Allocasuarina
verticillata
 (Lam.) L. Johnson et de Casuarina equisetifolia (L.)
à l’inoculation mycorhizienne arbusculaire. J. Fac Sciences.  3 (1): 20-28.

Echairi A, Nouaim R and Chaussod R, (2008). Intérêt
de la mycorhization contrôlée pour la production de plants d’arganier (Argania
spinosa
) en conditions de pépinière.
Sécheresse 19 (4): 277-281.

Graham JH, (2000). Assessing costs of arbuscular mycorrhizal
symbiasis in agroecosystems. In: Current advances in mycorrhizae research. Eds.
Podila G.K., Douds D.D. Jr.: 127–140.

Heitholt  JJ, (1989). Water use efficiency
and dry matter distribution in nitrogen- and water-stressed winter wheat.  Agronomy Journal 81: 464.

Hodge A, Campbell CD
and Fitter AH, (2001).
An arbuscular mycorrhizal
fungus accelerates decomposition and acquires nitrogen directly from organic
material. Nature 413: 297–299.

Ingleby K, Fahmer A, Wilson
J, Newton AC, Manson PA and Smith RI, (2001).
Interactions between mycorrhizal colonisation,
nodulation and growth of Calliandra calothyrsus seedlings supplied with
different concentrations of phosphorus solution. Symbiosis: 30 (1): 15-28.

Kjeldahl J, (1883). Neue Methode zur Bestimmung des Stickstoffs in
organischen  Körpern.
Z. Anal. Chem 22 : 366-382.

Laminou Manzo O, Ibrahim D, Campanella B
and Paul R, (2009).
Effets de l’inoculation mycorhizienne du
substrat sur la croissance et la résistance au stress hydrique de  cinq espèces fixatrices de dunes : Acacia
raddiana Savi ; Acacia nilotica
(L.) Willd. Ex Del. var. adansonii ; Acacia
senegal
(L.) Willd ; Prosopis chilensis Stunz. et Bauhinia
rufescens
Lam.. Geo-Eco-Trop. 33,n.s. :  115 – 124.

Leye EHM, Ndiaye M, Ndiaye F,
Diallo B, Sarr AS, Diouf M and Diop T, (2009).
Effet
de la mycorhization sur la croissance et le développement de Jatropha curcas
L. Revue des Energies Renouvelables 12 (2) : 269 – 278.

Mäder PA, Vierheilig H,
Streitwolf-Engel R, Boller T, Frey B, Christie P
and Wiemken A, (2000). Transport of 15N from a soil compartment
separated by a polytetrafluoroethylene membrane to plant roots via the hyphae
of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. New phytologist 146: 155-161.

Marulanda A, Barea JM and Azcón R, (2006). An indigenous drought-tolerant strain of Glomus
intraradices
associated with a native bacterium improves water transport
and root development in Retama sphaerocarpa. Microbiol Ecology 52:
670–678.

McGonigle TP and Fitter AH, (1990).
Ecological specificity of vesicular-arbuscular
mycorrhizal associations.
Mycological
Research

94
(1
):
120–122.
   

Miyajima I,
Kato A, Hagiwara JC, Mata D, Facciuto G, Soto S, Escandon A, Mori M
and
Kobayashi N, (2005).
Promotion
of immature seed germination in Jacaranda mimosifolia. Hortscience 40: 1485-1486.

Morin
F, Fortin JA, Hamel C, Granger RL
and Smith DL, (1994). Apple rootstock response to vesicular
arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a high phosphorus soil. J Amer Soc Hort Sci. 119(3):
578-583.

Moss B, Stribley DP and Le Tacon F, (1981). Ecology of mycorrhizae and mycorrhizal fungi. Advances Microbial Ecology
5: 134-210.

Musick
GJ, Fairchild ML, Ferguson VL, Zuber MS
and Crop J,  (1965). A method of measuring root volume in
corn (Zea mays L.).
Crop Science 5 : 601-602.

Nouaïm
R
and Chaussod R, (1996).  Rôle des mycorhizes dans l’alimentation hydrique des plantes,
notamment des ligneux en zones arides. Options Méditerranéennes 20: 9-26.

Oihabi A, (1991). Étude des endomycorhizes à vésicules et arbuscules sur le
Bayoud et la nutrition du palmier dattier
. Thèse de doctorat :  Univ. Cadi Ayyad (Marrakech).

Olsen SR, Cole CV, Watanabe
FS and Dean LA, (1954)
. Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium
bicarbonate.  USDA Circular, 939,1-19.
Gov. Printing Office Washington D.C

Plenchette C and Fardeau JC, (1988). Effet du pouvoir fixateur du sol sur le prélèvement de
phosphore du

sol par les racines
et les mycorhizes.
C R Acad Sci Paris 306: 201-206.

Schubert A, BodrinoC and
Gribaudo I, (1992).
Vesicular-arbuscular
mycorrhizal inoculation of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa)
micropropagated plants.  Agronomie 12:
847-850.

Sow HA, Diop TA,
Ndiaye F, Manga AGB
and Diallo A, (2008). Influence de la mycorhization arbusculaire sur la
culture intensive de l’oignon (Allium cepa L.) au Sénégal. 
Journal des
Sciences 8(1): 1-6.

Smith SS and Read DJ, (2008). Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press.

Strullu DG and Plenchette C, (1991). Les
mycorhizes en horticulture. PHM Revue Horticole 352 : 50-55. 

Tellal M,
Qarro M, Arahou M, Abourouh M, Tellal R, Rhazi L and Douira A, (2008).
Effet de
l’actinomycète Frankia sur la croissance et la fixation de l’azote de Casuarina
glauca
et Casuarina cunninghamiana.
Science
et changements planétaires / Sécheresse 19 (3) : 211-6.

Trépanier
M, (1998). Effet des champignons endomycorhiziens sur le bouturage et la
croissance de plantes ligneuses ornementales. Thèse de doctorat : Faculté
des sciences de l’agriculture et de l’alimentation- Département de phytologie –
Université de Laval (France). 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *