Ahmed Et Al

Ahmed et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (6), pp. 137-144, August 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 072117090


(DOI:
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.6.072117090)

Perception
of Dairy Cattle Owners on Oestrus Synchronization and Mass Artificial
Insemination Services in Jimma Zone, South
Western Ethiopia

 

*Ahmed Seid, Mohammed Aliy, Nuraddis
Ibrahim, Misganu Amanuel

 

Jimma University, College
of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma- P.O. Box 307, Ethiopia.


Abstract

The study was conducted to investigate
the perception of dairy cattle owners on oestrus synchronization and mass
artificial insemination services in Jimma zone, south western Ethiopia. Two
hundred forty nine dairy cattle owners who had used oestrus synchronization and
mass artificial insemination services at least once over the last 5 years time
were randomly selected and interviewed from three milk shade districts of Jimma
zone. All data were analyzed by SAS version 9.2 (2008). Chi-square (x2) test was carried out to
assess the statistical significance among categorical variables. An index was
also calculated to provide overall ranking. Majority (73.09 %) of beneficiaries
of oestrus synchronization had low to medium perception about the important
management practices like selection of appropriate cows/heifers, asking for
quality of the hormone being used (expiration date of the hormone), separation
of bulls and hormone treated cows/heifers and time/date of insemination after
hormone treatment. Consequently, majority (67.47%) of the farmers faced failure
of response for hormone treatment at least once. The main reasons for the
failure were selection of inappropriate animals (I=0.40), injection of expired
or ineffective hormone (I=0.37) and low dose of hormone (I=0.24). In addition,
due to lack of awareness, dairy cattle owners had allowed their bulls to graze
together with hormone treated cows/heifers. Moreover, the study also revealed
that, 64.66 % of dairy cattle owners in Jimma zone were faced failure of mass
AI services.  The principal reasons for
the failure of mass AI services were heat detection problem (I=025), poor
quality semen (I=0.23) and distance of AI center (I=0.22). Therefore, in order
to enhance the efficiency of the technology and eventually increase the
satisfaction of beneficiaries, emphasis should be given on identified problems
and concerted effort should be operated from all responsible sectors. 

 

 Keywords: Breeding practice, Heat detection, Hormone treatment.

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