Ahmed

Ahmed

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (4), pp. 090-096, June 2017.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Review Article

Manuscript Number: 051817064


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.4.051817064)

 

Breeding Practices and
Strategies for Genetic Improvement of Indigenous Goats in Ethiopia: Review

 

Ahmed Seid

 

Jimma
University, Department of Animal Science, Jimma, Ethiopia P.O. Box 307, Jimma.


Abstract

This review was aimed to summarize and
synthesize the fragmented information on breeding objectives, breeding practice
of goat keeper’s and effectiveness of existing goat cross breeding program as
an input for suitable and sustainable genetic improvement strategies. Goats in
Ethiopia are found in all agro-ecological zones. However, the selection
criteria, breeding objectives and breeding practices of goat keepers are not
similar across all agro ecologies and production systems. In arid and semi-arid
lowlands of the country, the primary breeding objective of most of goat keepers
was milk yield while in highland parts of the country goat owners keep goats
for income generation to be used for different purposes like emergency cases
and different household expenses.
Cross breeding of goats as productivity improvement program had been
implemented for nearly twenty seven years in the country via different
projects. However, the result indicated that, in comparison to indigenous
breeds, the crossbreds were not productive under village conditions where o
ver 83.9% of Ethiopian human population is
found.
The reasons for
fruitless ending of some of the projects were lack of clear targets aligned to
the production environments,
incompatibility of the genotype with the farmers breeding objectives,
management methods and absence of involvement of all stakeholders in the
productivity enhancement program. Therefore, there needs to be a concerted
effort to formulate and implement suitable and sustainable breeding program.
Community- based breeding program on the adapted indigenous breeds seems to be
undoubted to increase and sustain the productivity of goats
in the countryso as to meet
the demands of the ever growing human population.

 

Keywords: Breeding
objectives, Breeding strategies, selection criteria    

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]

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