Alagbe et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (6), pp. 119-127, June 2018. ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Article Manuscript Number: 053118075 (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.6.053118075) Effect of Partial Replacement of Dietary Soya Meal with Dried Azolla Pinnata Meal on the Performance and Egg Quality of Japanese Quails (Cortunix cortunix) Alagbe J.O.1, Enam J.S.2 and Omokore E.A.3 1Poultry Department at Dan-malafia Farms Limited, Ibadan. 2 Department of Veterinary Pathology, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. 3 Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Abuja. Abstract An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of partial replacement of dietary Soya meal with dried Azolla pinnata meal in quail’s diet. Five diets were formulated containing dried Azolla meal (AZL) at 0%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10% levels. One hundred and fifty laying quails at 16 weeks of age were used for this study. The quails were randomly allocated to five (5) dietary treatments replicated three times with each replicate having ten (10) quails in a completely randomized design (CRD). All necessary routine management practices were strictly observed. Feed and water were provided ad libitum. Data collected were subjected to one-way analysis of variance and means were separated using Duncan’s multiple range test. Birds fed experimental diets showed no significant difference (P>0.05) in final body weights, feed conversion ratio, daily water intake and feed cost per gram of egg. However, significant differences (P<0.05) were observed for hen-day and hen-housed production and other egg quality characteristics (egg weight, egg size, albumen weight, shell weight, shell thickness, yolk weight, yolk diameter, yolk width, yolk index and haugh unit). No mortality was recorded throughout the experiment which lasted for 60 days. It can be concluded from this experiment that AZL could be incorporated up to 10% level in quails ration without any deleterious effect on the performance and health status of the birds. Keywords: Japanese quails, Azolla meal, Soya meal, body weight and performance Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page] References Abeke, F.O., Ogundipe, S.O., Sekoni, A.A., Dafwang, I.I. and Oladele, S.B. (2003). Effect of Duration of Cooking Lablab Beans on Organ Weight and Blood Parameters of Pullet Chicks. Proceedings of the 28th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Society for Animal Production, Ibadan. 28: 240-242. Abraham, G and Vidhu, Aeri (2012). Preliminary profile of Azolla microphylla with respect to seasons. apjtb S1392- S1395. Akinlade, A. A., Akingbade, J. A and Aderinola, O. A (2004) Basic concepts in pasture science. Positive press Pages 38-39. Alalade OA and Iyayi EA (2006). Chemical composition and feeding value of Azolla (Azolla pinnata) meal for egg type chicks. International Journal of Poultry Science, 5: 137-141. Ali, M.A. and S. Leeson, 1995. The nutritive value of some indigenous Asian poultry feed ingredients. Anim. Feed Sci. and Tech., 55:227-237. Ali MA and Leeson S (1995). Azolla” Biology and agronomic significance. Botanical Review, 35: 17-35. AOAC, 1990. Official method of Analysis, 13 edn. Association of official analytical chemists, Washington DC. Arai, Y., Nakagwa, T., Hitosugi, M., Shiojima, K., Ageta, H and Abdelhalim, O.B (1998). Chemical constituents of aquatic fern Azolla nilotica phytochemistry, 48: 471-474. Bacerra M, Preston TR and Ogle B (1995). Effect of replacing whole boiled soya beans with azolla in the diets of growing ducks. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 7: 1-11. Bawa, G.S., Tegbe, T.S.B. and Ogundipe, S.O. (2003). Effect of Feeding Graded Levels of Lablab Seeds as a replacement for Soya beans on Performance Characteristics of Young Pigs. Proceedings of the 28thNigerian Society for Animal Production conference, Ibadan, 28: 230-232. Bhuyan, M. A. H., M. R. Hasanat, M. A. Ali and M. A. Rahman, 1998. Effect of feeding Azolla (Azolla pinnata) on the performance of broiler. Bangladesh J. Anim. Sci., 27(1 & 2):77-82. Biplob Basak, Md. Ahsan Habib Pramanik, Muhammad Siddiqur Rahman, Sharif Uddin Tarafdar and Bimol Chandra Roy (2002). Azolla (Azolla pinnata) as a Feed Ingredient in Broiler Ration. International Journal of Poultry Science 1 (1): 29-34, 2002. Biplob Basak, Md. Ahsan Habib Pramanik, Muhammad Siddiqur Rahman, Sharif Uddin Tarafdar and Bimol Chandra Roy (2002). Azolla (Azolla pinnata) as a Feed Ingredient in Broiler Ration. International Journal of Poultry Science 1 (1): 29-34, 2002. Bragdon, J. H (1951). Colorimetric determination of blood lipids J. Bio. Chem. 190-193. Canogullari, S., Baylan. M., Erdogan, V., Duzguner, A and Kucukgul, A (2010) .The effect of dietary garlic powder on the performance, egg yolk and serum cholesterol concentrations in laying quails. Czech Journal of Animal Science. 55, 2010(7):286-293. Chinsoro, Prince (2015). Potential use of baobab seeds in poultry diets, department of livestock and pasture science. Faculty of Science and Agriculture, University of Fort Hare. Pp 52-53 Fagbenro, O.A., Akande, T.T., Fapohunda, O.O. and Akegbejo-Samsons, Y. (2004). Comparative assessment of roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa variety. Sabdariffa) seed meal and kenaf (Hibiscus sabdariffa variety. Altissima) seed meal as replacement for soyabean meal in practical diets for fingerlings of nile tilapia,Oreochromis Niloticus Fakhraei, J., Loutfollahian, H., Shivazad, M., Chamani, M. and Hoseini S. (2010): Reevaluation of lysine requirement based on performance responses in broiler breeder hens. Afric. J. of Agri. Rese., 5(16): 2137-2142. Fanimo, A.O., Adebayo, A.S., Oduguwa, O.O and Biobaku, W.O (2007). Feeding value of cashew nut testa for broiler chickens. Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 34-83-93. Gakuya, D., Mbugua, P., Mwaniki, S., Kiama S., Muchemi, G. and Njuguna, A. (2014): Effect of Supplementation of Moringa oleifera (LAM) Leaf Meal in Layer Chicken Feed. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 13 (7): 379-384. Gakuya, D., Mbugua, P., Mwaniki, S., Kiama S., Muchemi, G. and Njuguna, A. (2014): Effect of Supplementation of Moringa oleifera (LAM) Leaf Meal in Layer Chicken Feed. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 13 (7): 379-384. Haugh, R. R. (1937). The Haugh unit for measuring egg quality.US Poult. Mag. 43:552–573. Kaijage, J., Sarwatt, S. and Mutayoba, S. (2004): Moringa oleifera leaf meal can improve quality characteristics and consumer preference of marketable eggs. Pp 126-129. Khatun, M. A., (1996). Utilization of Azolla (Azolla pinnata) in the diet of laying hen. M. S. thesis, Deptt. Of Poultry Science, B A. U. Mymensingh. Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N. J., Farr, A. L and Randall, R. J (1951). J. Biol. Chem; 193-265. Mithraja. M. J., Antonisamy, J.M., Mahesh, M., Paul, M. Z and Jeeva, S (2011). Phytochemical studies on Azolla pinnata . Apjtb S 26-S 29. Niekerk, V. (2014): Egg quality. Low Input Breeds technical note. Pp 24. Nik-Khah, A. & M. Motaghi-Talab. (1992).The use of Azolla in lactating cows. Iranian J. Agric. Sci. 23: 47-56. Nobakht, A. and Mehmannavaz, Y. (2010): Investigation the effects of using different levels of Thymyus valgaris, Lamiaceae men-thapiperita and Oreganum valgare and their different mixtures on yield, egg quality, blood and immunity parameters of laying hens. Iranian J. Anim. Sci., 41:129-136 Nobakht, A. and Moghaddam, M. (2012): The Effects of Different Levels of Costmary (Tanacetum balsamita) Medicinal Plant on Performance, Egg Traits and Blood Biochemical Parameters of Laying Hens. Iranian J. Anim. Sci., 27:125-130. NRC, 1994. Composition of feed stuff used in Poultry diets in Nutrient requirements of Poultry. National Academy Press Washington, DC. pp: 61-75. Nwanna, L.C., A.E. Falaye,O.J. Olarewaju and B.V. Oludapo (2009), Evaluation of Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L) Fed Dietary potato peels as replacement for yellow maize. Proceedings of the 24th Annual Conference of the Fisheries Society of Nigeria, Federal University of Technology, Akure. 25-28 October, 2009: 155-158. Odunsi, A., Sanusi, T.O and Ogunleye, J.B (2007): Comparative evaluation of maize, sorghum, millet, biscuit waste meal as energy sources for Japanese quails in a derived savannah zone of Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Agricultural and Apicultural Research. IJAAAR 4(1&2): 90-96, 2007. Odunsi, A., Ogunleke, M., Alagbe, O. and Ajani, T. (2011): Effect of feeding Gliricidia sepium leaf meal on the performance and egg quality of layers. Int. J. Poult. Sci., 1:26-29. Olubamiwa, O., Harunna, E. S., Musa, V., Akinwale, T.O., Lambin, L.H and Longe, O.G (1999). Effect of different level of energy levels of cocoa based rations on productive performance of quails. Nig. J. Anim. Prod. 26:88-92. Pannaerker S (1988). Azolla as a livestock and poultry feed. Livestock Adviser, 13: 22-26. Raseena (2006). Effect of dietary supplementation of Azolla (A. pinnata) on production performance in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica). M.V.Sc. thesis submitted to Kerala Agricultural University, Thrissur, India. Reijrink, I., Meijerhof, B., Kemp, L. and van den Brand, H. (2010b): Influence of egg warming during storage and hypercapnic incubation on egg characteristics, embryo development, hatchability, and chick quality. Poult. Sci., 89: 2470-2483 Sharma, K. S., P. Gupta, K. Meena and R. Desv, 2003. Effect of intermittent dietary supplementation of different combinations of microbial strains, on the biological performance of commercial layer chicken. Proceeding of the 21th Conference of Indian Poultry Science Association and National Symposium on Diversification of Poultry for Nutritional Security, March 27-28, 2003, Izatnagar, India, pp: 112-112. Singh, P. K., 1977. Azolla plants as fertilizer and feed Indian Farming, 27:19 Sreemannaryana, D., K. Ramachandraiah, K. M. Sudarshan, N. V. Romanaiah and J. Ramaprasad (1993) Utilization of Azolla as a rabbit feed. Indian vet. J., 70: 285-286. Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie, 1980. In: Principal and Procedure of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. McGraw Hill, New York. Tamang, Y. and G. Samanta, (1993) Feeding value of azolla (Azolla pinnata ) an aquatic fern in Black Bengal goats. Indian J. Anim. Sci., 63:188-191. Tamany, Y., G. Samanta, N. Chakraborty and L. Mondal, 1992. Nutritive value of Azolla (Azolla pinnata) and its potentiality of feeding in goats. Environment and Ecology, 10:755-756.