Awuku And Egyir


Awuku and Egyir

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 8(11), pp. 325-331, 2018

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link:



Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper as Influence by Different Growth Media



1Awuku, Bernard; 


Egyir, Michael



1University of Education Winneba, Ashanti-Manpong, College of Agriculture Education.

Phone: +233246429842 email: awukubernard4@ gmail. com

2University of Ghana, Department of Soil Science. Phone: +233502408871,

email: miki.egyir@ gmail. com







Article No.: 111118156


DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2018.11.111118156


Loss of organic matter and related loss of soil microbial diversity and activity, as a result of intensive agriculture has contributed to an increase in soil borne plant diseases. Sweet pepper is highly susceptible to many soil borne diseases such as damping-off, root rots and wilts. In view of this, the study was conducted to assess the influence of different growth media on sweet pepper in terms of growth, yield and incidence of diseases. Materials used include: Seeds of two varieties of sweet pepper (Yolo wonder and California Wonder), rice husk, coconut hull, sawdust, groundnut hull, sugarcane bagasse, top soil and well cured cow dung. The Soilless media were prepared by mixing it with cow dung in a ratio of 20:1, whilst the cow dung was applied to the top soil at a rate of 100 kg N/ha. The experiment was a two by six (2˟6) factorial experiment with twelve (12) treatments replicated three (3) times resulting in a total of thirty six (36) treatments laid out in Complete Randomised Design (CRD). Parameters measured include; plant height, number of leaves per plants, number of fruits per plant, fruit length, fruit diameter and incidence of root rot and wilt diseases. The results on plant heights at various weeks after transplanting showed that, all the soilless media generally, produced plants with significantly higher height at (p ˂ 0.05) than the top soil. The results also showed that, the soilless media had superior number of leaves and fruits produced per plant, fruit length and diameter to that of the top soil. There were no incidence of root rot and wilt diseases in the soilless media but the top soil had two incidence of wilt disease. The results reveals that, cultivation of sweet pepper in soilless medium can give you better growth and yield and can also reduce the occurrence of soil borne diseases like root rot and wilt in sweet pepper. Therefore, cultivation of sweet pepper in soilless medium should be encourage to reduce the occurrence of soil borne diseases in other to enhance growth and yield in sweet pepper.


Submitted: 11/11/2018

Accepted:  22/11/2018




*Corresponding Author

EGYIR, Michael

E-mail: miki.egyir@ gmail. com

Phone: +233502408871



Growth media, greenhouse, pyrolysed, soil less media, biochar



Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]             [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]



Abdel-Monaim M. F., Abdel-Gaid M. A. & Zayan S. A. (2014). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences ISSN: 2167-0447 Volume 4 (4), pp. 143-150.


Anonymous, 2000. Production guidelines for sweet pepper. (Accessed 21/10/2004).


Anonymous, (1989). Tomato and Pepper Production in the Tropics. Asian Vegetable Research and Development Center, Taiwan 1989.


Bosland P. W. and Votava E. J. (1999). Peppers: vegetable and spice capsicums. Crop Production Science in Horticulture 12. Wallingford, Oxon: CABI Publishing. Pp. 1-16.


Campbell A. (2006). Compost use for pest and disease suppression in NSW. 1st edition edn, (Recycled Organics Unit, The University of New South Wales, 2006).


Díaz-Pérez, J.C., Muy-Rangel, M.D. & Mascorro, A.G., 2007. Fruit size and Stage of Ripeness Affect Postharvest Water Loss in Bell Pepper Fruit. J. Sci. Food Agric. 87(1), 68-73.


Hadfield, J., 1993. The A-Z of Vegetable Gardening in South Africa. Struikhof Publishers, Cape Town.


Hatutale G. (2010). The effect of Plant Population and Mulching on Green pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) production under irrigation. A dissertation submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science in Agriculture, In the Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences Department of Soil, Crop and Climate Sciences University of the Free State Bloemfontein, South Africa.


Howard L. R., Smith R.T., Wagner A. B and Villalon, B, Burns E. E. (1994). Provitamin A and ascorbic acid content of fresh pepper cultivars (Capsicum annum) and processed jalapenos. Journal of Food Science,59: 362–365.


Katan J., Waisel Y., Eshel A. & Kafkafi U.  (2002). In Plant Roots: the hidden half. 949–959 (2002).


Kelley W. T. & Boyhan G. (2009). Commercial Pepper Production Handbook. The University of Georgia, Cooperative Extension Available at:


Manrique, L. M. 1993. Greenhouse crops: A review. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 16, 2411-2477.


Mateljan G. The World’s Healthiest foods. The George Mateljan founda­tion. USA; 2018.


Mercy E. R., David U. (2018). Potential Health Benefits of Conventional Nutrients and Phytochemicals ofCapsicum peppersPharm Pharmacol Int J. 2018; 6(1): 62 ‒ 69. DOI: 10.15406/ppij.2018.06.00157.  Pharmacy & Pharmacology International Journal.


Olivier, O. J., Boelema, B. H., Daiber, C. C. & Ginsberg, L., (1981). The Cultivation of Green Peppers. No. A2, Farming in South Africa, Horticultural Research Institute, Roodeplaat, Pretoria.

Cite this Article: Awuku, B; Egyir, M (2018). Growth and Yield of Sweet Pepper as Influence by Different Growth Media. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 8(11), 325-331


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *