Bedane And Arkebe

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Bedane and Arkebe

Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 163-170,
2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the
copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Cotton
production potential areas, production trends, research status, gaps and future
directions of cotton improvement in Ethiopia

 

 

Bedane Gudeta; Arkebe G. Egziabher

 

 

EIAR,
Werer Agricultural Research Center, P. O. Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 040619064

Type: Review

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064

 

 

Cotton is one of the main cash crops in
Ethiopia and is widely grown in the lowlands on large-scale and small-scale
farms under both irrigation schemes and rain-fed agriculture.
There are about
more than 3 million hectares of potential land suitable for cotton production
in the country.
However, out of the country‘s total
potential areas for cotton production, only about less than three percent is
being utilized yet.
So, the current domestic cotton production is
much lower than the potential.
But, cotton consumption in Ethiopia is
outstripped domestic cotton production due to the demands of the rapidly
expanding textile industry in the country. Thus, Ethiopia has been importing
raw cotton from abroad. Cotton production and productivity is highly
constrained by a lot of biotic, abiotic, social and economic factors.  For the last five decades the Ethiopian
Institute of Agricultural Research/EIAR/ and Werer Agricultural Research
Center/WARC/ has made the utmost effort and several improved cotton
technologies were released; such as improved varieties along with proper crop
management and crop protection practices. Since,
transgenic
cotton has been proved in controlling the major insect pests in global cotton
production, Ethiopia recently started Bt cotton adaptation trial
after
getting approval for CFTs by the regulatory authority in the country to
overcome the constraints of bollworms in the cotton production and
two genetically
modified cotton hybrids were recommended for commercial production
. Despite
the huge research efforts made, the production and productivity of the crop
was not attained its maximum potential as a result of low utilization of the
research recommended technologies by cotton producer farmers and low
utilization of resource potential lands. There are several factors
contributed for the low acceptance, underutilization and/or adaptation of the
improved cotton technologies. Therefore, there is a huge gap ahead to fill in
technology development, research capacity building and creating effective
research, extension and stakeholders linkage. In this paper, potential areas,
production trends, gaps, research status and future directions for cotton
improvements were assessed in order to plan well-organized research
strategies for the future.  

 

 

 

 

Submitted: 06/04/2019

Accepted: 11/04/2019

Published: 25/04/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Bedane Gudeta

E-mail: bedaneg@ gmail. com

 

Keywords: Bt cotton; CFTs; improved varieties; potential; transgenic cotton

 

 

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Cite this
Article:
Bedane G; Arkebe GE
(2019). Cotton production potential areas, production trends, research
status, gaps and future directions of cotton improvement in Ethiopia. Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 163-170,
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040619064.

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