Chukunda And Nnadi

Chukunda and Nnadi

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (7), pp. 138-144, July 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 050918068

 

(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.7.050918068)

 

Identification and
Evaluation of Nutrient Compositions of Two Wild Edible Mushrooms in
Oduoha-Emohua Forest, Rivers State

 

 

CHUKUNDA F. A. & NNADI P. C.

 

 Department of Forestry and
Environment, Faculty of Agriculture, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt,
Nigeria.

Abstract

 

The objective of the work was to identify and evaluate
the proximate compositions of two wild edible mushrooms collected from
Oduoha-Emohua forest.  Two wild edible mushrooms were collected and
identified using the habitat, macro-morphological characteristics such as
colour, cap length, stipe length and fresh fruit body weight.  The
mushrooms identified include; Pleurotus
citrinopileatus
 (Hilber, O)
Singer and Pleurotus
tuber-regium
 (Fr.) Singer.
The Experiment was laid out in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with four
replicates. Results of proximate compositions of the two wild edible mushrooms
collected, indicated that there was significant difference (P 0.05) in crude
protein (5.99), total carbohydrate (31.24), moisture content (4.56), crude
fibre (42.62), and total lipids (3.18) in the two Pleurotus species.  Percentage crude
protein of Pleurotus citrinopileatus was significantly higher
(11.76%±0.72). However, Pleurotus
tuber-regium
 had the highest
nutrient values in total carbohydrate, moisture content, total lipids and total
ash (3.45). Data collected were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and
the mean separation was done using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at the
probability of 5% and mean of standard deviation. It is recommended therefore,
that the production and consumption of these wild mushrooms identified
especially Pleurotus citrinopileatus can generate income as well as improve
the nutrient values when consumed regularly as food item

 

Keywords: Proximate
compositions, wild edible mushrooms, nutrient values, macro-morphological
characteristics, Oduoha-Emohua forest.

Post-review Rundown

    View/get involved,
click
 [Post-Review Page]

References

 

Adejumo TO and Awosanya
OH (2005). Proximate and mineral composition of four edible mushroom species
from south western Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology,
4(10): 1084-1088.

 

Adejumo TO  Coker
ME and Akinmoladun VO (2015). Identification and   evaluation of
nutritional status of some edible and medicinal mushrooms in     
Akoko Area Ondo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Current
Microbiology and Applied Sciences,
 4 (4): 1011-1025.

 

Akindahunsi  AA and
Oyetayo FL (2006). Nutrient and anti-nutrient distribution of edible
mushroom Pleurotus tuberregium (Fries) Singer. Lebensmillerl-wissenschaft
technology
, 39(950):548-553.

 

Aletor VA and Aladetimi
OO (1995). Compositional studies on edible tropical species of mushrooms. Food
Chemistry,
 54:65-268.

 

Aletor VA (1995).
Compositional studies on edible tropical species of mushrooms, Food
Chemistry
 54:265-268.

 

Alofe FV Odeyemi AO and
Oke OL (1996).  Three wild mushrooms from Nigeria Journal of
Microbiology
, 1:29-34.

 

AOAC (2012). Association
of analytical chemist  official method of analysis 19th ed.
Gailhersbury, M. D. USA.

 

Arora D (1986).
Mushrooms demystified. Ten Speed Press. p. 23.
 ISBN 0-89815-169-4.

 

Arora D (1986) Mushrooms
Demystified, 2nd ed. Ten Speed Press.

 

Barbee G Berry-Cabán
C  Barry J  Borys D Ward J
 and Salyer S (2009). “Analysis of mushroom exposures in Texas
requiring hospitalization, 2005–2006”
. Journal of Medical Toxicology. 5 (2): 59–62.

 

Boa E (2004). Wild
Edible Fungi: A Global Overview of their Use and Importance to People. Food and
Agriculture          Organization of the United
Nations.

 

Borchers AT
Krishnamurthy A Keen CL Meyers FJ
 and Gershwin ME (2008). “The
Immunobiology of Mushrooms”. Experimental Biology and Medicine. 233 (3):
259–76.

 

 Bowerman S (2008). “If mushrooms see the light”. Los Angeles Times.

 

Chang ST and Miles PG
(1989). Edible mushrooms and their cultivation  florida,
CRS       Press, Inc.  27-38.

 

Chang, Shu-Ting &
Phillip G. M. (1989).
 Mushrooms: cultivation, nutritional value,
medicinal effect, and Environmental Impact
. CRC Press, 4–6.

 

Chukunda AF Zibokere
DS  Ukoima HN and Nwiisuator D (2008). Effects of Depth of planting hole
on the performance of yam (Dioscorea rotundata Poir). Journal of
Nigeria Environmental society; 4 (2); 21-27.

 

Crisan EV and Sands A
(1978). Nutritional Value of Edible Mushrooms. In: The   
Biology and Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms. Chang. ST. and W.A. Haves
          (Eds.). Academic press.
New York. 137-168.

 

Elliott CE (1991).
Reproduction in Fungi. First Edition.

 

Fasidi IO  and
Kadiri M (1990). Changes in nutritional content of two Nigerian mushrooms (Irobustus, and L.subnudus)
during sporophore development. Die Nahrung. 31: 415-420.

 

Fasidi IO and
Olorunmaiye KS (1994). Studies on the requirements for vegetative  growth
of Pleurotus tuberregium (Fr.) Singer. A Nigerian
mushroom. Food Chem. 50: 397.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
States

 

Hobbs CJ (1995).
Medicinal Mushrooms: An Exploration of Tradition, Healing & Culture.
Portland, Oregon: Culinary Arts Ltd. 20.

 

John F (2010). “U.S. Mushroom Industry”. Usda.mannlib.cornell.edu. Retrieved
2010-05-30.

 

Jonathan SG and Fasidi
JO  (2003). Antimicrobial activities of two Nigerian edible
macrofungi- Lycoperdon pusilum and LycoperdongiganteusAfrican
Journal of Biomedical Research
, 6: 84- 90.

 

Jordan P (2006). Field Guide to Edible Mushrooms of Britain and
Europe
. New Holland
Publishers. p. 10.

 

Kadiri M. and Fasidi IO
(1990). Variation in chemical composition of Chysophyllum molybditis (Mayerex
Fr) Masses and Pleurotus tuber-regium (fries) during fruitbody
development. Nigerian Journal Science, 24: 86-89.

 

Kalač, P and Svoboda L ( 2000). “A review of
trace element concentrations in edible mushrooms”. Food Chemistry. 69
(3): 273–281.

 

Kalaras MD Beelman RB
Holick MF
 and Elias RJ
(2012).
 “Generation of potentially bioactive ergosterol-derived
products following pulsed ultraviolet light exposure of mushrooms (Agaricus
bisporus).”
 Food Chem. 135 (2):
396–401.

 

Koyyalamudi SR Jeong SC
Song CH Cho KY
 and Pang G (2009).
“Vitamin D2 formation and bioavailability from Agaricus bisporus button
mushrooms treated with ultraviolet irradiation”.
 J Agric Food Chem. 57 (8):

 

  Lee GS Byun HS
Yoon KH Lee JS Choi KC
 and  Jeung EB
(2009). “Dietary calcium and vitamin D2 supplementation with enhanced
Lentinula edodes improves osteoporosis-like symptoms and induces duodenal and
renal active calcium transport gene expression in mice”. Eur J
Nutr.
 48 (2): 75–83.

 

Lentinan S (207). Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center,
New York.

 

Manzi PL Gambelli
Marconi S Vivanti V and Pizzoferrato L (1999). Nutrients in edible mushrooms:
An interspecies comparative study. Food Chemistry, 65:
477-482.

 

Marlow F (2001). Food
Ltd
, Quorn. http:
 www.quorn.conl.uk.index.htm.

 

Mattila P Suonpää K and Piironen V (2000). “Functional
properties of edible mushrooms”. Nutrition. 16 (7–8): 694–6.

 

Miles PG and Chang ST
(1997). Mushroom biology: concise basics and current
developments. Singapore: World Scientific.

 

Ng TB (1998). “A
review of research on the protein-bound polysaccharide (polysaccharopeptide,
PSP) from the mushroom Coriolus versicolor (basidiomycetes:
Polyporaceae)”. General Pharmacology: the Vascular System. 30 (1): 1–4.

 

Obodai M (1992). Comparative
studies on the utilization of agriculture waste by some mushrooms
 (Pleurotus
and Volvariella
 species). M. Phil. The University of Ghana, Legon.

 

Odebode SO (2005).
Contributions of selected non-timber forest products to household food security
in Nigeria. Journal of Food and Agricultural Environment, 3:
138-141.

 

Oei P (2003). Mushroom
cultivation, appropriate technology for mushroom growers.
 Backhughs
Publishers, Leiden, Netherland.110 – 150.

 

Ola  FL and Obah G
(2001). Nutrient distribution and zinc bioavailability. Estimation in some
tropical edible mushrooms. Nahrung 45: 67-68.

 

Osborne T (2016). “Deadly death cap mushrooms found in
Canberra’s inner-south as season begins early”
.

 

Osemwegie OO Okhuoya JA
Oghenekaro AO and Evueh GA (2010.       Maerofungi
community in rubber plantation and a forest of Edo State, Nigeria.
   Journal of Applied Science, 10 (5): 391-398.

 

Parent O and Thoen D
(1977). Food value of edible mushrooms from upper, Sheba region. Economic
Botany
, 31: 436-445.

 

 Rubel W and Arora D (2008). “A study of cultural bias in field guide
determinations of mushroom edibility using the iconic mushroom, Amanita
muscaria, as an example”
 (PDF). Economic Botany. 62 (3):
223–43.

 

Samme R Dell B Lumyong P
Izumori K and Lumyong S (2003). Nutritive value of popular wild edible
mushrooms from Northern Thailand. Food Chemistry, 83: 527 532.

 

Steel RGD and Torrie JH
(1980). Principles and Procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. 2nd edition.
597. McGraw Hill Book Company, New York.

 

Sullivan R Smith JE and Rowan NJ (2006). “Medicinal
mushrooms and cancer therapy: translating a traditional practice into Western
medicine”. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. 49 (2):
159–70.

 

Sullivan R Smith JE and Rowan NJ (2006). “Medicinal
Mushrooms and Cancer Therapy: translating a traditional practice into Western
medicine”. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine. 49 (2):
159–70.

 

Ukoima HN Ogbonnaya LO
Arikpo GE and Pepple GA (2009a). Nutritional, Organoleptic and Palatability
Studies of Selected mushrooms in Nigeria. World Applied Science Journal of Pakistan,
7(4): 479-4s84.

 

Wasser PS (2007). A book
review, mycelium running: how mushrooms can help save     
the world. Herbalgram 76: 50-57.

 

Wasser SP and Weis AL
(1999). General description of the most important medicinal higher
Basidiomycetes mushroom. International Medical Mushroom, 1:351-370.

 

Zorhari MH (1973). Some
edible mushrooms from Nigeria. Nigerian field, 38:81-90.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *