Danladi And Ojo


Danladi and Ojo

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (3), pp. 059-064, March 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 021018022


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.3.021018022)


Analysis of Food Access
Status among Farming Households in Southern Part of Gombe State, Nigeria



Hosea Danladi, Catherine O. OJo (PhD)



Department of Agricultural
Economics, University of Maiduguri, PMB 1069 Borno State, Nigeria



This study analyzed food access status among farming
households in southern part of Gombe state, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling
technique was used to select 120 respondents from eight villages in the study
area. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data.
Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the socio-economic
characteristics of the respondents. Most respondents (68.3 percent) were male
and married with average household size of 7 persons. Household Food Insecurity
Access Scale (HFIAS) developed by Food and Nutrition Assistance (FANTA) of the
USAID (2004) was used to determine the status of the farming household food
insecurity. The HFIAS score revealed that about 27 percent of the farming
households were food secure, 35 percent mildly food insecure, 18.3 percent
moderately food insecure and 20 percent were severely food insecure. A simple
regression analysis showed that income positively and significantly (1%)
contributed to household food security with an R2 of 0.6801 showing that income played
an important role in achieving household food security among farming
households. The study concludes that adequate resources to access food by food
deficient households could significantly influence the status of food security
among the rural households. It was recommended that additional sources of
livelihood to include off-farm remunerative activities through skills
acquisition and increased agricultural (on-farm) production by subsidizing
inputs to be the option policy in achieving rural household food security.


Keywords: Farming
Household, Food Access, Food Insecurity, Gombe State, Nigeria

Post-review Rundown

View/get involved,
 [Post-Review Page]



Agboola, P.O., Awotide,
D.O., Ikpia, E., Kormawa, P., Okoruwa,V.O. and Babalola, D.A.(2008) “Effect of
Income          Diversification Strategies on
food Insecurity Status of Farming Households in Africa”, A Paper prepared for
presentation at the 12th EAAE Congress ‘People, Food and Environments: Global
Trends and European Strategies
’, Gent (Belgium), pp. 26-29 August 2008.


Amaza, P.S.,
Adejobi,A.O. and Fregene,T.(2008) “Measurement and Determinants of Food
Insecurity in North Eastern Nigeria.Some Empirical Policy Guidelines”, Journal
of Food Agriculture and Environment
 6(2), pp. 92-96.


Ayandiji, A., Ladipo,
F.O., Ayansina, S.O. and Ajayi, W.O. (2009) “Effect of Income on Household food
Security among Small Scale Famers In Abeokuta  South Local Government of
Nigeria”, Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Congress of the Nigerian
Rural Sociological Association. 16
th-18th December,


Babatunde, R.O.,
Omotosho, O.A. and Sholatan, O.S. (2007) “Socio-Economic Characteristics and
Food Security of Farming Households in Kwara State”, Nigeria Pakistan
Journal of Nutrition
, 6(1), pp.49-58.


Bokeloh, G. G.
M.,Gerster-Bentaya, S L., and Weingartner, R. (2009) “Achieving Food and
Nutrition Security, Action to Meet the Global Challenge”, A Training
Course Reader International weiterbildung GmbH capacity building
, Germany.


Chinweoke, U. I. (2015)
“Measuring Household Food Security Status in Taraba State, Nigeria” Comparing
Key Indicators. M.phl Dissertation Faculty of Economics and Management
Sciences.University of Stellenbosch. UK


Fanta. (2004) “Measuring
Household Food Insecurity” Workshop, April 15-16, 2004. Workshop Report
Washington D.C FANTA Project, FHI 360.


FAO. (2001) “State of
Food Insecurity in the World, When People Live with Hunger and Fear of
Starvation”, A Report Produced by Economic and Social Development
. 2001.


FAO . (2003) ”The State
of Food Insecurity in the World”, Rome 2003.


FAO. (2010) “The State
of Food Insecurity in the World”,


Idrisa, Y.L., Gwary,
M.M. and Shehu, H. (2008)  “Analysis of Food Security Status Among Farming
Households in Jere Local Government of Borno State, Nigeria”, Journal
of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension.
Vol 7 No.3, pp.
199 -205


Knoema. (2016) “World
and Regional Statistics, National Data, Maps and Rankings” Retrieved from


Maharjan, K. L. and
Chhetri, A. K. (2006) “Household Food Security in Rural Areas of Nepal.
Relationship Between Socio-Economic Characteristic and Food Security
Status”, A Paper Presented at the International Association of
Agricultural Economist Conference, Gold Coast, Australia
. 2006.


Oluyole, K.A. and Lawal,
J.O. (2008) “An Appraisal of the impact of Agro-Services Corporation on
proceedings of the 9th international conference precision
agriculture”, 20-23, july, 2008.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

× Chat on Whatsapp?