Dauda Et Al

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Dauda et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 157-159, September 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 082917113


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.7.082917113)

 

Trypanosomiaisis in Non Migratory
Cattle in Suburban Kaduna

 

Dauda H.,
Abubakar S., Muhammad A.A., Jarmai K.Y., Uzoigwe L., Allen D.O., Ahmed A.A.,
Ngamdu A.S., Jega Z., *Wayo B. &

Kalejaiye
J.O.

 

Trypanosomiasis Research Department, Nigeria Institute for
Trypanosomiasis Research, Kaduna, Nigeria.


Abstract

African trypanosomiasis is a
disease complex, prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa
, influencing both public health and agricultural
development. The disease is also becoming increasingly prevalent beyond its
traditionally defined realm.  Studies
have shown that migration increases the risk of cattle being infected with
trypanosomes and that Trypanosoma brucei
populations in cattle (and other domestic animals) could serve as reservoirs
for the human infecti
on. This study involves an
investigation into the prevalence of Trypanosomiasis among cattle herd
s kept
extensively but
do not seasonally migrate. It was conducted in Guguwa-
Rigasa, Igabi local government area of Kaduna
State, North-West Nigeria.A total of 157 cattle, sheep,
goats and dogs were sampled from three herds.Parasitological examination was
carried out using the Standard Trypanosome Detection Method
. Trypanosome species were identified
based on their motility using the Buffy coat method and morphological features
from Giemsa stained films.
A total
of 25 (15.92%) animals were found to be positive with Trypanosoma congolense and T.
brucei.
It can be concluded that animal trypanosomiasis is prevalent in the
area. However, further and more sensitive studies need to be carried out to
bring more clarity on the parasite species, vectors and overall epidemiology of
the disease.

 

Key words: Trypanosomiasis,
cattle, migration, reservoir, suburban, Kaduna.

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