Fasakin And Popoola


Fasakin and Popoola

Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 180-188,

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019,
the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)





Co-operative Associations, Livelihood Income and Rural Households Welfare in
Osun State, Nigeria


Idowu James FASAKIN1;
Oladeji Olayide POPOOLA 2



Department of Agriculture Economics, University of
Ibadan, Nigeria


Emails: Idowufasakin2010@ gmail.com and oladejipopoola1@



Tel: +23480665139231,






Article No.: 030419043

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.030419043



The prevalence
of poverty among rural households in Nigeria has prompted various efforts on
poverty reduction, and one way out of poverty for rural farmers is
participation in cooperative associations. Therefore, this paper examined
the effect of participation in agriculture co-operative associations on
livelihood income and welfare of rural farmers in Osun State, Nigeria. Data
were collected through multi-stage random sampling; descriptive statistics
and Probit Regression Model analysis were used. It was observed that there
were more male farmers (62.16%) than female (37.84%), mean age of the
farmers was 37years and most (67.57%) of the farmers were married.
Households size was (54.59%) for (1-5) family with 45.95% having farming
experience of 11-15 years. Majority of the farmers derived their income from
agricultural activities (39.46%), though the primary occupation was not
farming (57.84%). Income level was (42.6%) between 60,000-80,000 Naira
monthly and a larger percentage (76.33%) are active members of co-operative
associations. Credit accessibility was poor with 35.14%, a contributing
factor to low welfare status and poverty. The result of the Probit
regression model showed that the coefficients of age, sex, years of
education, level of monthly income, access to credit and size of the farm
significantly affect participation in cooperation association in the study
area.  The coefficients of age, sex,
size of the farm and access to credit were positive and significant at 1%,
5% and 10% respectively, while the coefficients of income level and level of
education was negatively significant at 10%. Farmers in the study area also
keep different types of livestock and domestic animals like Goat, Sheep,
Fowls(poultry), Pig and Catfish as either major, alternative or additional
sources of income. It is therefore recommended that cooperative societies
should integrate adult education as part of their empowerment programmes so
as to boost the literacy level of rural members. Also, short term loans,
credit and inputs access inform of empowerment should be made available to
agriculture co-operative members so as to strengthen the bond in the
association and to help increase the income level of co-operative members.


Submitted: 04/03/2019

Accepted:  10/03/2019

Published: 16/05/2019


*Corresponding Author


E-mail: idowufasakin2010@ gmail.com

Phone: +2348066513923



Association, Livelihood incomes, Probit Regression, rural Households.



Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]               [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]




A. (2012), Cooperative as tool for enhancing financial inclusion, African Newspaper
of Nigeria, Oct.13, P1.


R. and Bamire, A.S. (2005). Savings and Investment Patterns of Cooperative
Farmers in South-Western Nigeria. Journal of Social Sciences, 11(3):


R., Raju, K. V., Reddy, K.P., Srinivasan, R. and Sriram, M. S. (2002). Member
Funds and Co-operative Performance. Research Paper, Indian Institute of
Management, State of Andhra Pradesh, India.


,O. O. (2006). Microfinance as strategy for poverty reduction. CBN Economic
and Financial Review
, 4(39).


C. M. (2004): Microfinance Institutions in Nigeria: policy, practice and
potentials. Paper presented at the G24 Workshop on Constraints it growth in
Sub-Saharan Africa, Pretoria South Africa, 29th – 30th,


Marc F. (2012) “As You Sow, So Shall You Reap: The Welfare Impacts of Contract
Farming,” World Development 40(7): 1418-1434.


Bernard, T., and D.J. Spielman. 2009. Reaching
the poor through rural producer organizations. A study of agricultural
marketing cooperatives in Ethiopia. Food Policy 34(1): 60-69


Bernard, T.,
and A.S. Taffesse. 2012. Returns to scope? Smallholders’ commercialization
through multipurpose cooperatives in Ethiopia. Journal of African Economies
21(3): 440- 464


Bernard, T.,
A.S. Taffesse, and E. Gabre-Madhin. 2008. Impact of cooperatives on
smallholders’ commercialization behavior: evidence from Ethiopia. Agricultural
Economics 39(2): 147–161


Chikaire et al (2010) Cooperatives A vehicle for
rural development, Imo State Nigeria Retrieved from

Dedehouanou, S. F. A., Swinnen, J. and Maertens, M. (2013), “Does Contracting Make Farmers Happy? Evidence from Senegal”. Review of Income and Wealth, Volume 59, Issue Supplement S1, pages S138- S160.


European Commission (2010). Employment in
rural areas: Closing the job gap. Commission staff working document. Brussels.


Fadama II Facility in Alleviating
Poverty on Food Crop Farmers in Adamawa State, Nigeria. Global Journal of
Agricultural Research,


FAO (2014) Guide to extension
training: The framework of development.  


Federal Ministry of Agriculture and
Water Resources (FMAWR). (2015). National Programme for Food Security,


Federal Ministry of Agriculture and
Water Resources, Abuja, Management Association of Nigeria Journal, 8
(2), p. 107.


Green, W. H. (1993) Econometric Analysis, 6th
edition. Prentice-Hall, New Jersey.


Gomina A, (2013) Impact Analysis of Savings and
Credit Cooperative Societies in combating Poverty among Crop Farmers in three
Local Government Areas of Niger State, Nigeria. The School of Postgraduate Studies, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,


Hazell, P., C. Poulton, S. Wiggins, and A.
Dorward (2010). The future of small farms: trajectories and policy priorities.
World Development 38(10): 1349-1361


Mavimbela, P., Masuku, M.B. and
Belete, A. (2010) Contribution of savings and credit cooperatives to food crop
production in Swaziland: A case study of smallholder farmers. African
Journal of Agricultural Research
, 5 (21):28682874.


Muchopa et al (2011). Evaluating
Performance by Cooperative Value and Efficiency
. Nigerian Journal of
Cooperative Studies.
2(1), 39 – 54.


National Bureau of Statistics
(NBS, 2011) Annual Socio-Economic Survey: Nigeria Poverty Profile Report.
Document produced by National Bureau of Statistic. Abuja, Nigeria. Retrieved


National Bureau of Statistics
(NBS, 2013) Nigerians living below poverty line:  Retrieved on August 18, 2013, from Nigeria
Politics online.


National Fadama Development
Project III (2009). National Cooperative Development Policy Document,


Nkechi, C.O., Charles O. and Uchenna (2015):
Effects of membership of cooperative organisations and determinants on
farmer-members’ income in rural Anambra State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research,


and Yusuf, 2014).
use efficiency in small scale catfish farming in Osun State, Nigeria.
Sky Journal of
Agricultural Research
3(1) 037 – 045,


Ojo, O. (2009).
Impact of microfinance on entrepreneurial development: the case of Nigeria: The
International Conference on Administration and Business.
ICEA – FAA, 14th –
15th November.The Faculty of Business and Administration University
of Bucharest


Rao, V.,
Ibanez, A. M., 2003. The social impact of social funds in Jamaica: A
mixed-methods analysis of participation, targeting, and collective action in
community-driven development. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper no.


S. (2002). The role of cooperative entrepreneurship and firms in organizing
economic activities–Past, Present and Future. LTA, Issue1,103-124.


Abdulahi Olabisi, Udunze Ugochukwu MacDonald, Agbasi Obianugu Emmanuela.
Effect of Cooperative Membership on the Economic Empowerment
of Women in Osun State of Nigeria. International Journal of Business and
Economics Research.
Vol. 4, No. 2, 2015, pp. 21-29. doi:


Van de Walle, D., Cratty, D.,
2002. Impact evaluation of rural road rehabilitation project, The World Bank,
Washington, DC


World Bank (2005) Report on poverty and hunger
across the world. A World Bank document available at www.worldbank.org


World Bank (2008) Report on Sustainability and
poverty in Africa and the world. A World Bank document available at


Cite this Article: Fasakin IJ; Popoola OO (2019). Agriculture
Co-operative Associations, Livelihood Income and Rural Households Welfare in
Osun State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 180-188,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *