Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

9(1), pp. 07-13, 2019


©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)




of Traits and Adaptability of Hybrid Maize (Zea
L.) Varieties in Western Part of Ethiopia


Firezer Girma Kebede


Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural
Research (EIAR), Assosa Agricultural Research Center, Plant Breeder. P.O.Box, 265, Assosa, Ethiopia






Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.1.123118189



In Ethiopia, maize is one of the most
important and major strategic food crop among cereal. Hybrid maize varieties
plays important role as the average yield of the country increased through
time. The objectives of the study are to determine the correlation between
grain yield and other agronomic parameters and to identify high yielding
adapted hybrid maize varieties. Nineteen released hybrid maize varieties were
evaluated at Kamash and Assosa area of western Ethiopia during the 2016 main
season. Quantitative traits including phenology, disease, yield and yield
component traits were evaluated using randomized complete block design with
three replications. Analysis of variance revealed highly significant
difference (p≤ 0.01) among genotypes for most of tested traits for both
locations. These indicated presence of sufficient amount of variability among
genotypes for the tested traits. Hybrid maize varieties Limu, Shone and BH546
showed the highest grain yield and significantly different from the standard
check BH543 at Kamash location. At Assosa maize hybrids Viz. Abarya, Shone,
BH546 and BH547 revealed highest yield performance. Therefore, demonstration
and popularization of these varieties could boost maize yield in the area.
Positive significant correlation of grain yield were observed with days to
maturity and fresh ear weight at Kamash location and with plant height, ear
height and fresh ear weight at Assosa location. Negative significant
correlation of yield with gray leaf spot and Turcicum leaf blight disease
were observed under both locations. Selection for higher fresh ear weight,
late maturity, longer plant and ear height simultaneously could result yield
improvement in maize


Submitted: 31/12/2018

Accepted:  11/01/2019

Published: 31/01/2019



Girma Kebede





Hybrid maize; Yield performance



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Cite this Article: Firezer GK (2019). Association of Traits and Adaptability of Hybrid
Maize (Zea mays L.) Varieties in
Western Part of Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(1): 07-13,


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