Ibitola et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 9(2), pp. 199-207, 2019 ISSN: 2276-7770 Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s) DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040219063 https://gjournals.org/GJAS Poverty Analysis of Maize Farming Households in Oyo State, Nigeria Ibitola O.R.; Fasakin I.J.; Popoola O.O.; Olajide O.O Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Article No.:040219062 Type: Research DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040219063 One of the problems cited as constraining the production of maize in Nigeria is stagnant production technology among Nigerian farming community, majority of who are small-scale producers. Thus, this study examined the poverty status as well as analysed the factors affecting poverty profile of maize farming households in Oyo State. Primary data were obtained from 180 maize farmers by multistage random sampling with the aid of well-structured questionnaire and interview schedule. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, Foster-Greer Thorbecke index and probit regression model. The results of descriptive statistics revealed that 68.3% of maize farmers were male with majority (56.1%) between 41 and 60 years of age who were married (86.6%) with relatively large household members. The results also showed that 76.1% of them used their personal land either acquired by inheritance or bought and 79.9% had formal education. The results of FGT analysis showed that poverty incidence was 35.2%, poverty depth was 16.1% and poverty severity was 10.9%. Meanwhile, probit regression model results revealed that household size, farmer’s expenditure, age, gender, marital status and improved technology were the factors affecting the poverty profile of the maize farming households. The study therefore recommended that farmers in the study area could reduce their poverty depth by controlling the number of child births, increase revenue generated from maize farm and adoption of new/improved technology. Submitted: 02/04/2019 Accepted: 05/04/2019 Published: 16/05/2019 *Corresponding Author Ibitola O.R. E-mail: bossytola@ gmail. com Keywords: Maize Farmers; Poverty; Probit Regression; Foster-Greer-Thorbecke index Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Peer-review] REFERENCES Adepoju O. A (2012) Poverty Transition in Rural South West Nigeria, Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Agriculture & Biology. 12 (2) 1.0 January 2012 Aguibiade M. O. and Oke J. T. O. (2019) Poverty analysis of cassava farming households in Osun State, Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. 11(1): 9-14 Amao J .O., Awoyemi T.T., Omonona B.T. and Falusi A.O. 2009. Determinants of Poverty among Fish Farming Households in Osun State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development –2(2) Baulch, B. and Hoddinott, J. (2000). Economic Mobility and Poverty Dynamics in Developing Countries, Journal of Development Studies, 36-6: p. 1-24 Bigsten, A. and Shimeles, A. (2003).“The Dynamics of Poverty in Ethiopia” Paper prepared for a WIDER Conference on “Inequality, Poverty and Human Well-being”, May 30 and 31, 2003. Croppenstedt, A. and C. Muller. (2000). The Impact of Farmers’ Health and Nutrition Status on their Productivity and Efficiency: Evidence from Ethiopia. Economic Development and Cultural Change 48:475–502. Ezebuiro, N.O; G.O. Chukwo; B.C. Okoye and I. C. Oboagis (2008).Policy Issues and Adoption of Improved Cassava Varieties. Gender Considerations in Umuahia Zone of Abia State. 1056 – 1059 Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO 2002), Farming Systems and Poverty: FAO Information Management Series 2: FAO United Nations Foster, J. E., Greer, J. and E. Thorbecke. (1984). A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures. Econometrica, 52(3): 761 – 766 McClelland A (2000): No Child: Child Poverty in Australia. European Journal of Human Science, 59(3):44-52. Munyua H. (2000). Information and Communication technologies for Rural Development and for Security: Lessons from Field Experiences in Developing Countries. CAB International, Africa Regional Centre Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/sd/cddirect/cdre0055b.htm Ojo, S.O. (2003). Productivity and Technical Efficiency Declining Trends of Maize Yields necessitate a study of poultry egg production in Nigeria, Intl. J. Poultry the Factors Influencing adoption of hybrid seeds and Sci., 2(6): 459-464. Oladeebo J.O. and Ezekiel A.A. (2006).Economic Efficiency of Maize Farmers in Oyo West Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. In Proceedings of the Second Annual Conference of School of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Federal University of Technology, Akure on Agricultural Research For Development in Nigeria, 2006, Akure: SAAT, 186-191. Oladejo J. A. and Ladipo O. O. (2012). Supply analysis for maize in Oyo and Osun states of Nigeria. Research Article ISSN 2250-0480 Vol.2/Issue 2. Oleksiy I. and Cem M. (2008). Asset-based poverty in rural Tajikistan : who climbs out and who falls in? UNU/WIDER-United Nations University. World Institute for Development Economics Research Paper; 2008/26-30pp. Omonona B. T. (2008). Poverty in Nigeria, synthesis note. Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan Omoregbee F.E; Ighoro A. and Ejembi, S.A (2013) Analysis of the Effects of Farmers Characteristics on Poverty Status in Delta State International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention 2 (5):11-16 Onuk E. G, Ogara I. M, Yahaya, H. and Nannim, N. (2010).Economic Analysis of Maize Production in Mangu Local Government Area of Plateau State, Nigeria. PAT Journal, 6 (1): 1 – 11. Ravallion Martin (1998). Poverty Lines in Theory and Practice, Living Standards Measurement Study Working Paper 133, World Bank, Washington DC Ruel, M.T., Garrett, J., Morris, S.S., Maxwell, D., Oshaug, O., Engle, P., Menon, P., Slack, A. &Haddad, L. 1998.Urban challenges to food and nutrition security: a review of food security, health, and caregiving in the cities. Food Consumption and Nutrition Division Discussion Paper No. 51. Washington DC, International Food Policy Research Institute. Ruel, M.T., Haddad, L. & Garrett, J. 1999. Some urban facts of life: implications for research and policy. World Development, 11: 1917-38. Swanepoel, C. (2005). “Poverty and Poverty Dynamics in Rural Ethiopia”, Stellenbosch Economic Working Papers 3/ 2005, University of Stellenbosch. World Bank (2018) Poverty and Equity Brief in sub-Saharan Africa, Nigeria. April, 2018 https://databank.worldbank.org/data/download/poverty/33EF03BB-9722-4AE2-ABC7-AA2972D68AFE/Archives-2018/Global_POVEQ_NGA.pdf Cite this Article: Ibitola OR; Fasakin IJ; Popoola OO; Olajide OO (2019). Poverty Analysis of Maize Farming Households in Oyo State, Nigeria. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 199-207, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.040219063.