Ikuli Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 167-174, September 2017. ISSN: 2276-7770 Short Communication Manuscript Number: 090917125 (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.7.090917125) Agriculture: Constraints and Possible Solutions to Food Security in Nigeria Ikuli, Josiah Muonam Department of Plant Science and Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State Nigeria. Abstract The invaluable importance of agriculture cannot be over emphasized with regards to provision of food for man, feed for animals, environmental management, medicine and vaccines, and provision of employment opportunities and raw materials for industries. Productivity is hindered by many factors, some of which include; pollution, conservative attitude to old cultural practice, illiteracy/ignorance, lack of processing and storage facilities and lack of power supply. Others include; insecurity, finance/funding and Government policy formulation and execution. Productivity can be increased and the potentials of agriculture enjoyed, if Government in synergy with NGOs and Multi-National companies work to provide solutions by providing necessary support like; processing and storage facilities for farmers, providing extension services for farmers and funding through subsidy for farmers and grant to researchers. Provide improved planting materials (seeds, stem, suckers, etc.). Multinationals especially the Oil and Gas companies to bioremediate the polluted land by establishing integrated farms and application of new technologies discovered which is capable of controlling pollution and bioremediate polluted land naturally. This will provide job opportunities for the teeming unemployed youths. Create peace and good environment for them to operate and also increase food security in the country. Keywords: Agriculture, Productivity, Constraints, solution and Food security Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page] References Akonye, L.A. (1999). Developmental Plant Physiology. Wetra publishers, Lagos p. 5-85 Dutta, A. C. (2007), Botany. Oxford University PresYMCA Library Building, Jai Singh Road, Delhi 110001 22 impression 2007.p. 93. Eugene, Rosenbery and Eliora, Ron, (2010). Nemesis for Oil spill. Bacterial TECHNOLOGY may help Clean up Gulf. Grotz Toby (2014). Prebiotics for the soil: Brew your local indigenous microbes. www.motherearthnews.com. Retrieved, 9th April, 2016. Hoorman, J. James (2010). Understanding Soil Microbes and Nutrient Recycle. Ohio state University, College of Food, Agricultural and Environmental Science Ikuli, JM, Akonye, LA and Efisue, AA (2017). Comparative Study of Some Cultivars of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) for Iron (Fe) Biofortification under Saline Condition. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences.7 (4):105-111, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.4.061117073 Johansen, D. (1950) Plant Embryology, Waltham Massachusetts Jones, L. R. (1924). The Relation of Environment to disease in plant. Ann. J. Bot.11: 601-609 Kennedy G., Nantel, G. and Shetty, P.(2003). The scourge of “hidden hunger”. Global dimensions of micronutrients deficiencies. Food Nutr. Agric. 32:8-16 M C Cartney, H.A.(1997). The influence of environment on the development and control of disease. (In) Environmentally Safe Approaches to Crop Disease control.pp3-31. Recheigl N.A and Recheigl J.E (Eds) CRC, Lewis Publishers, New York. Mehrotra, R. S. and Aggarwal, Ashok, (2006). Plant Pathology. Tata Mc Graw-HILL Publishing Company Limited. 7 West Patel Nagar, New Delhi 110008 2nd Edition p. 189. Mike Chung T. C. and Xuepei, Yuan, (2012). A Complete Solution for Oil-Spill Clean-up. Reddy, S.R. (2008). PRINCIPLES OF CROP PRODUCTION 3rd Edition Kalyani Publishers Ludhiana-New Delhi p 114,115 and 118. Verma, S.K. and Verma, Mohit (2007). Plant Physiology, Biochemistry and Biotechnology. S. CHAND AND COMPANY LIMITED 6th Edition p. 336-342. WHO and FAO, (2003).Joint WHO/FAO expert consultation on diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases. World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland WHO, (1996). Food Security. World Food Summit 1996, Rome, Italy. Wikipedia, Nations Spending on Agriculture. Retrieved 20th April, 2017.