Ikuli

Ikuli

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 167-174, September 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Short Communication

Manuscript Number: 090917125


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.7.090917125)

 

Agriculture:
Constraints and Possible Solutions to Food Security in Nigeria

 

Ikuli,
Josiah Muonam

 

Department of Plant Science and
Biotechnology, University of Port Harcourt, PMB 5323 Choba, Port Harcourt,
Rivers State Nigeria.


Abstract

The invaluable importance of
agriculture cannot be over emphasized with regards to provision of food for
man, feed for animals, environmental management, medicine and vaccines, and
provision of employment opportunities and raw materials for industries. Productivity
is hindered by many factors, some of which include; pollution, conservative
attitude to old cultural practice, illiteracy/ignorance, lack of processing and
storage facilities and lack of power supply. Others include; insecurity,
finance/funding and Government policy formulation and execution. Productivity
can be increased and the potentials of agriculture enjoyed, if Government in
synergy with NGOs and Multi-National companies work to provide solutions by
providing necessary support like; processing and storage facilities for
farmers, providing extension services for farmers and funding through subsidy
for farmers and grant to researchers. Provide improved planting materials
(seeds, stem, suckers, etc.).   Multinationals
especially the Oil and Gas companies to bioremediate the polluted land by
establishing integrated farms and application of new technologies discovered
which is capable of controlling pollution and bioremediate polluted land
naturally. This will provide job opportunities for the teeming unemployed
youths. Create peace and good environment for them to operate and also increase
food security in the country.      

 

Keywords: Agriculture,
Productivity, Constraints, solution and Food security

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