Iriobe Et Al


Iriobe et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (8), pp. 160-166, 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 071818100



Performance and Survival Rate of Juvenile Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Fed Processed Catfish Offal Diet




1Iriobe, T.*, 2Ajani,
E.K., 1Ibrahim, R., 1Gana, A.B., and 3Adegbite,



1Department of Forestry and Fisheries, Kebbi State University of Science
and   Technology, Kebbi State, Nigeria.

2Department of Fisheries Management, University of Ibadan, Oyo State,

3Department of Soil Science, Kebbi State
University of Science and Technology, Kebbi State, Nigeria.


One of the major problems faced by aquaculture
industry today is the high cost of fish feed and this contributes more than 50%
of the total cost of production in intensification culture systems. An approach
to reduce feed cost is by the substitution of fish meal with alternative
cheaper protein sources like fish offal among others. Therefore,
experiment was carried out to evaluate the growth
performance and survival of C. gariepinus
juveniles fed with diets containing various percentages of fish offal to
determine the optimum level of fish offal inclusion in diets of Clarias gariepinus.
Five diets of T1(0%), T2(20%), T3(40%), T4(80%)
and T5(100%) levels of fish offal’s substitutions were formulated to contain
40% crude protein and similar energy levels.  The total of 150 juvenile fish was
randomly distributed into three replicates of five experimental groups in a (45
x 35 x 28cm3) plastic rectangular container. Each replicate consist
of 10 fish with a mean weight of 25g. At the end of the experiment, result
showed that mean weight gain (MWG), survival rate
(SR), protein intake (PI), protein efficiency ratio (PER), feed conversion
ratio (FCR), specific growth rate (SGR) and relative growth rate
of T0 were observed to be statistically p<0.05  similar with T1 and T2. The study
showed that diets with inclusion rate of 20% and 40% fish offal gave similar
result as that fed with control diet. Therefore, fish
offal with inclusion rate of 20% and 40%
could be fed to C. gariapinus catfish without any
negative effects on the growth and survival.

Keywords: aquaculture, fish
offal, Clarias gariepinus, fishmeal, protein


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