Omovbude Et Al

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Omovbude et al

Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol.
9(2), pp. 146-154, 2019

ISSN:
2276-7770

Copyright
©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI
Link:
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.033119060

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Effects
of Poultry Manure and Spent Mushroom Substrate on Soil, Weed and Maize
Performance in an Ultisol

 

 

*Omovbude, S., Udom, B.E. and Udensi,  U.E

 

 

Department of Crop
and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B.
5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria.

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.: 033119060

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.033119060

 

 

Field experiment
was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Port
Harcourt, Rivers State to determine effects of poultry manure and spent
mushroom substrate on soil, weed and maize performance in an Ultisol. The
experiment consisted of five treatments namely: control (0 tons/ha), 5 tons /
ha of poultry manure (PM5), 10 tons / ha of poultry manure (PM10),
2.5 tons / ha of poultry manure + 2.5 tons / ha of spent mushroom substrate
(PM2.5 + SWS2.5) and 5 tons / ha of poultry manure + 5
tons / ha of spent mushroom substrate (PM5 + SWS5). The
treatments were laid out in randomized complete design
(RCBD) and replicated four times. Result showed that
Bulk
density ranged from 1.18 g cm-3 for PM5 to 1.35 g cm-3
for the control
, total
porosity ranged from 21.22% for the control to 34.62% for PM5, saturated
hydraulic conductivity ranged from
12.96 cm/hr for the control to 23.13 cm/hr for PM10.Aggregates stability ranged from 0.587 mm for the
control to 0.784 mm for PM10. Poultry manure and spent mushroom
substrate significantly (P < 0.05) increased soil organic carbon, pH and
total N compared with the control. At 12 weeks after sowing (WAS) plots that
received 5 tons/ha tends to have better weed suppression than other
treatments.  Plots that received 10
tons/ha of poultry manure produced the tallest plants while plots that
received 5tons/ha of poultry manure had the highest leaf area index and grain
yield when compared to other treatments. Since the application of poultry
manure at 5 tons/ha can greatly improve soil physico-chemical properties,
suppressed weed growth which led to higher grain yield of maize, it is thus
recommended to farmers in the area of study.

 

Submitted: 31/03/2019

Accepted:  03/04/2019

Published: 25/04/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Omovbude, S.

E-mail: sundayomovbude@
yahoo.com

Phone: +2348053186814

 

Keywords:

poultry
manure, spent mushroom substrate, soil, weed, maize performance, ultisol

 

 

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Cite this Article: Omovbude, S.;
Udom, BE; Udensi, UE (2019). Effects of Poultry Manure and Spent Mushroom
Substrate on Soil, Weed and Maize Performance in an Ultisol. Greener Journal
of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 146-154,
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.033119060.

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