Omovbude et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 9(2), pp. 146-154, 2019 ISSN: 2276-7770 Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s) DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.033119060 http://gjournals.org/GJAS Effects of Poultry Manure and Spent Mushroom Substrate on Soil, Weed and Maize Performance in an Ultisol *Omovbude, S., Udom, B.E. and Udensi, U.E Department of Crop and Soil Science, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Port Harcourt, P. M. B. 5323, Choba, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Article No.: 033119060 Type: Research DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.033119060 Field experiment was carried out at the Teaching and Research Farm of the University of Port Harcourt, Rivers State to determine effects of poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate on soil, weed and maize performance in an Ultisol. The experiment consisted of five treatments namely: control (0 tons/ha), 5 tons / ha of poultry manure (PM5), 10 tons / ha of poultry manure (PM10), 2.5 tons / ha of poultry manure + 2.5 tons / ha of spent mushroom substrate (PM2.5 + SWS2.5) and 5 tons / ha of poultry manure + 5 tons / ha of spent mushroom substrate (PM5 + SWS5). The treatments were laid out in randomized complete design (RCBD) and replicated four times. Result showed that Bulk density ranged from 1.18 g cm-3 for PM5 to 1.35 g cm-3 for the control, total porosity ranged from 21.22% for the control to 34.62% for PM5, saturated hydraulic conductivity ranged from 12.96 cm/hr for the control to 23.13 cm/hr for PM10.Aggregates stability ranged from 0.587 mm for the control to 0.784 mm for PM10. Poultry manure and spent mushroom substrate significantly (P < 0.05) increased soil organic carbon, pH and total N compared with the control. At 12 weeks after sowing (WAS) plots that received 5 tons/ha tends to have better weed suppression than other treatments. Plots that received 10 tons/ha of poultry manure produced the tallest plants while plots that received 5tons/ha of poultry manure had the highest leaf area index and grain yield when compared to other treatments. Since the application of poultry manure at 5 tons/ha can greatly improve soil physico-chemical properties, suppressed weed growth which led to higher grain yield of maize, it is thus recommended to farmers in the area of study. Submitted: 31/03/2019 Accepted: 03/04/2019 Published: 25/04/2019 *Corresponding Author Omovbude, S. E-mail: sundayomovbude@ yahoo.com Phone: +2348053186814 Keywords: poultry manure, spent mushroom substrate, soil, weed, maize performance, ultisol Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Peer-review] REFERENCES Adeli A, Tewolde H, Sistani ICR and Rowe D.E. (2009). Broiler litter fertilizer and cropping system impacts on Soil Properties. Agron. J. 110: 1304-1310. Agba OA, Ubi BE, Abam P , Ogbechi J, Akeh M, Odey S, Ogar N (2012). Evaluation of Agronomic Performance of Maize (Zea mays L.) under Different Rates of Poultry Manure Application in an Ultisol of Obubra, Cross River State, Nigeria. Int J Agric For 2(4): 138-144 Andrew SS, Karlen DL and Combardela C.A (2004). The Soil management Assessment framework: A Quantitative soil quality evaluation method. Soil Sci. Soc. oj Amer. J. 29: 30-42. Ano AA (1991). 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