Sumbele Et Al

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Sumbele et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (3), pp. 052-058, March 2018.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Article

Manuscript Number: 012918013

 

(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.3.012918013)

 

Smallholder Sugarcane
Farming in Cameroon: Farmers’ Preferred Traits, Constraints and Genetic
Resources

 

 

SUMBELE Sally Alloh1, ELTSON Eteckji Fonkeng2,
ANDUKWA Henry Andukwa1
 and 

NGANE Benjamin Kome1

 

 

1Institute of
Agricultural Research for Development, Ekona, Cameroon

2Faculty of Agriculture and
Veterinary Medicine, University of Buea, Cameroon

Abstract

 

Background: The study
aimed at assessing the current state of sugarcane production, farmers’
perceived production constraints and preferred traits in the five agro-ecological
zones in Cameroon.

Methods: This study was
conducted in five regions that represent the five agro-ecological zones of
Cameroon. Primary data was obtained using key informants, semi-structured
interviews (SSI), focus group discussions (FGD) and direct field observations
during the implementation of a baseline survey. A total of 212 farmers were
interviewed using a pre-designed semi-structured questionnaire which was
produced in both the English and French languages to suit the English and
French speaking respondents.

Results: Findings from
this study show that mixed cropping was identified as the predominant sugarcane
farming system. The main production constraints were financial and marketing
constraints as identified by 47.8% and 14.8 respectively of the respondent
farmers. A limited number (16) of landraces was collected from the study zones.
Respondent farmers prioritized early maturity and marketability of the cane
(40.2%), sweetness of the cane (30.8%) and cultural and medicinal values (3.9%)
as the top preferred traits of sugarcane.

Conclusions:
The findings from this study would serve as baseline information towards
sugarcane research and development emphasizing the constraints and preferences
of smallholder sugarcane growers in Cameroon. If all the products and
bi-products of sugarcane could be maximized, high returns could be ensured and
more emphasis on reducing constraints to the barest minimal would have been the
priority of the agricultural sector.

 

Keywords: Sugarcane, farmers’
preferred traits, production constraints, smallholder farmers

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