Tesfaye et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 8 (4), pp. 074-081, April 2018. ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Article Manuscript Number: 092117135 (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.4.092117135) Impact of Improved Wheat Variety on Productivity in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia Tesfaye Haregewoin, Baye Belay, Eyob Bezabeh*, Kaleb Kelemu, Daniel Hailu and Fitsum Daniel Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. Abstract This study examines the impact of improved wheat variety on productivity using 837 sample farm households in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Propensity score matching (PSM) technique was employed since it is an increasingly utilized standard approach for evaluating impacts using observational data. It is found that improved wheat variety adoption appears to significantly increase productivity on the average by 34-38% for farm households in the study area. 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