Yahaya Et Al

Advertisements

Yahaya et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 8(12), pp. 370-375, 2018

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2018, the copyright of this article is retained by the
author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.12.122718183

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Processing
Effect of Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional Content of African Locust Bean Seeds
(Parkia biglobosa Benth)

 

 

1Yahaya
Mode,
*1Adamu, Shahidah A., 2Salau, I. A.
and 2Sambo, S.

 

*1Department of
Microbiology, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria

2Department
of Biology, Shehu Shagari College of Education, Sokoto, Nigeria

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.:122718183

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2018.12.122718183

 

 

African Locust
Bean (Parkia biglobosa) is among the leguminous plants used by man
particularly in some African countries for the production of local condiment.
African locust bean seeds are rich in protein and usually fermented to a
tasty food condiment called daddawa which is used as a flavour
intensifier for soups and stews and also adds protein to a protein-poor diet.
However, the use of African locust bean seeds and other legumes as protein
source is limited by the presence of anti-nutritional factors which are a
diverse range of naturally occurring compounds in many tropical plants. This
study sought to investigate the nutrients and anti-nutrients content of
locust bean. The result of nutrient factors were analyses and it can be seen
that the carbohydrate had highest percentage occurrence with 70.72% followed
by Moisture with 11.5% and lipid with 10% and protein with 6.78% then ash
with 4%.
The
results of anti-nutritional factor on locust bean can be seen that the
Nitrate had a highest percentage occurrence with 82.8% followed by Tannins with
33% and Cyanide with 4.1% and Phytate with 2.94% and Oxalate with 0.0027%.
Therefore this present work show that locust bean contain high nutritional
value and less anti-nutritional value
.

 

Submitted: 27/12/2018

Accepted:  30/12/2018

Published: 03/01/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Adamu, Shahidah A.

E-mail: imteehal@ gmail. com

Phone: +234(0)8035419809

 

Keywords:

African
Locust Bean, Flavour, Daddawa, Nutritional and Anti-Nutritional

.

 

 

Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF] 

 [Full Article – HTML]               [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]

REFERENCES

 

Adegbehinde
K.T., Adetuyi A.A., Akinyosoye F.A., 2012. Effect of fermentation on nutrient
content of cooked-ground lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) seeds using  Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus
pumilus
. Brit. Microbiol. Res. J. 4(11), 1285-1298.

 

Ajayi, A. O., 2011. Sustainable Dietary Supplements: An
Analytical Study of African Yam Bean-Sphenostylis Sternocarpa and Corn-ZeaMaiz;
Euro. J. Exp. Bio.; 1,  (4):189-201.

 

Akpabio, U. D., Akpakpan, A. E., Udo, U. E and Essien, U.
C., 2012.“Physicochemical Characterization of exudates from Raffia Palm (raphiahookeri)”.Adv.
Appl. Sci. Res.,
3, (2): 838-843.

 

Aletor,
V.A., 1993. Allelochemicals in plant food and feeding stuffs (1) nutritional, biochemical
and physiopathological aspects in animal production. J. Vet. Hum. Toxicol.
35(1), 57-67.

 

AOAC.(1995). Official Methods of
Analysis.11th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemist. Washington,
D.C.

 

Aregheore, E. M and Agunbiade, O. O., 1991.“The Toxic
Effects of Cassava Diet on Human”. Vet. Hum. Toxicol.,33: 274-275.

 

Bjorne H.,
Petersson J., Phillipson M., Weitzberg E., Holm L., Lundberg J.O. (2004). Nitrate
in saliva increases gastric mucosal blood flow and mucus thickness, J. Clin.
Invest. 113, 106–114.

 

Bohm A. B and Kocipai, A. C., 1994. “Flavonoid and
condensed tannins from Leaves of Hawaiian Vaccininum vaticulum and Vicalycinium”
Pacific Science.,48: 458- 463.

 

Duncan C.,
Dougall H., Johnston P., Green S., Brogan R., Leifert C., Smith L., Golden M.,
Benjamin N. (1995) Chemical generation of nitric oxide in the mouth from the entero-salivary
            circulation of dietary
nitrate, Nat. Med. 1, 546–551

 

Dykhuizen
R., Frazer R., Duncan C., Smith C.C., Golden M., Benjamin N., Leifert C. (1996)
Antimicrobial effect of acidified nitrite on gut pathogens: importance of dietarynitrate in host defence,
Antimicrob. Agents Ch. 40, 1422–1425.

 

Enujiugha, V.N., 2005. Quality Dynamics in the processing
of underutilizes Legumes and Oilseeds. Crops Growth Quality and Biotechnology,
Dris, R. (Ed.). WFL Publisher, Helsinki, Finland, pp: 732-746

 

Esenwah, C.N., Ikenebomeh, M.J., 2008. Processing effects
on the nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of African locust bean (Parkia
biglobosa
Benth.) seed. Pak. J.Nutr. 7 (2), 214-217.

 

Ijarotimi, O.S., Keshinro, O.O., 2012. Comparison between
the amino acid, fatty acid, mineral and nutritional quality of raw, germinated
and fermented African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) flour. Acta Sci.
Pol., Technol. Aliment. 11(2), 151-165

 

Ikenebomeh, M.J. and R. Kok, 1984. Mass balance of the
processing and fermentation of the African locust bean (Parkia filicoidea Welw.).
J. Can. Inst. Food Sci. Tech., 17: 48-50.

 

Joslyn, N., 1970. Methods in Food Analysis. Physical,
Chemical and Instrumental Methods of Analysis (2nd edition).
Academic Press, New York, pp: 708-720.

 

Jrand, R. A and Underwood, L. U., 1986. On quantitative
analysis.5th edition. Apprentice – Hall Publication.

 

Odunfa, S.A., 1986. Dawadawa. In: Reddy, N.R., M.D.
Pierson and D.K. Salunkhe (Eds.), Legume-Based Fermented Foods. CRS Press, Boca
Raton, Florida, pp: 173-189.

 

Osagie, A.U., 1998. Anti-nutritional factors. In: Osagie,
A.U. and O.U. Eka (Eds.), Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods. Post-harvest
Research Unit, Department of Biochemistry, University of Benin, Benin-City,
Nigeria, pp: 221-244.

 

Sanberg, A. S., 1991. Phytate hydrolysis by phytate in
cereals, effect on invitro estimation of iron availability. J. Food Sci., 56:
130-133.

 

Cite this
Article:
Yahaya M, Adamu, SA,
Salau IA and Sambo S (2018). Processing Effect of Nutritional and
Anti-Nutritional Content of African Locust Bean Seeds (Parkia biglobosa Benth). 8(12), 370-375, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2018.12.122718183

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *