Yigardu Et Al


Yigardu et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 215-221, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of
this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049





Proximate and Mineral Composition of Indigenous Bamboo Shoots of



Mulatu1*, Tinsae Bahiru2, Berhane Kidane3,
Abera Getahun4 and Adamu Belay5



1Yigardu Mulatu, Ethiopian Environment
and Forest Research Institute

2Tinsae Bahiru, Central Ethiopia
Environment and Forest Research Centre,

3Berhane Kidane,  Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research

Getahun, Bahr Dar Environment and Forest Research Centre,

5Adamu Belay,
Ethiopian Public Health Institute,





Article No.:032319049

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049



Demand for natural and organic foods,
including bamboo shoots has greatly increased. In Ethiopia, bamboo shoot of
the two indigenous species is traditionally used for food. However,
information on nutritional profile of the two indigenous bamboo species and
bioavailability of important mineral elements is limited in the country. This
paper describes the proximate and mineral composition of bamboo shoot of the
two indigenous bamboo species of Ethiopian (Arundinaria alpina and Oxytenanthera
). Shoot samples, height 10-30 cm, were collected from North
western Ethiopia and analyzed for their nutrient and mineral contents following the methods developed by Association
of Official Analytical Chemists. The results indicated
that A. alpina shoot has
higher protein, Ca, P and Crude Fiber and low HCN contents. On dry weight
basis, A. alpina contains 31.33%
protein, 12.17% crude fiber and 13.67% ash. The mineral content, in  mg/100
gm of bamboo shoots, was found to be potassium 1661.17, calcium 369.5, phosphorus 887, and sodium 17.33. O. abyssinica shoot has almost similar nutrient content to A. alpina shoot except difference in very few
mineral elements. O. abyssinica shoot has higher potassium. On dry weight basis, it contains 27%
protein, 8.67% crude fiber, and 11.33% ash. Its mineral contents in mg/100
gm, dry weight basis, were potassium 4737, calcium 203.8, phosphorus 704 and Na 16.67. The values for
tannin and phytate are higher for A.
but with very low (below
detection level) hydrocyanic acid. The result indicated that mineral and
proximate contents also vary depending on location and species. Shoot size
has no significant effect on proximate and mineral contents except tannin
that increased with shoot size. Generally the two indigenous bamboos have
good nutrient profile. Developing improved processing techniques that enhance
bioavailability of Fe in bamboo shoot foods of indigenous species is required.


Submitted: 23/03/2019

Accepted:  30/03/2019

Published: 13/06/2019


*Corresponding Author

Mulatu Mengesha

E-mail: yigardumulatu@ gmail.com

Phone: +251-911-173640



bamboo; lowland bamboo; nutrient; Oxytenanthera abyssinica; Arundiaria
alpina; Yushania alpina





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Cite this Article: Yigardu Mulatu; Tinsae
Bahiru; Berhane Kidane; Abera Getahun; Adamu Belay (2019). Proximate and
Mineral Composition of Indigenous Bamboo Shoots of Ethiopia. Greener Journal
of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 222-228, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049.

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