Yigardu Et Al

Advertisements

Yigardu et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(2), pp. 215-221, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of
this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049

http://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

Proximate and Mineral Composition of Indigenous Bamboo Shoots of
Ethiopia

 

 

Yigardu
Mulatu1*, Tinsae Bahiru2, Berhane Kidane3,
Abera Getahun4 and Adamu Belay5

 

 

1Yigardu Mulatu, Ethiopian Environment
and Forest Research Institute

2Tinsae Bahiru, Central Ethiopia
Environment and Forest Research Centre,

3Berhane Kidane,  Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research
Institute,

4Abera
Getahun, Bahr Dar Environment and Forest Research Centre,

5Adamu Belay,
Ethiopian Public Health Institute,


 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article No.:032319049

Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049

 

 

Demand for natural and organic foods,
including bamboo shoots has greatly increased. In Ethiopia, bamboo shoot of
the two indigenous species is traditionally used for food. However,
information on nutritional profile of the two indigenous bamboo species and
bioavailability of important mineral elements is limited in the country. This
paper describes the proximate and mineral composition of bamboo shoot of the
two indigenous bamboo species of Ethiopian (Arundinaria alpina and Oxytenanthera
abyssinica
). Shoot samples, height 10-30 cm, were collected from North
western Ethiopia and analyzed for their nutrient and mineral contents following the methods developed by Association
of Official Analytical Chemists. The results indicated
that A. alpina shoot has
higher protein, Ca, P and Crude Fiber and low HCN contents. On dry weight
basis, A. alpina contains 31.33%
protein, 12.17% crude fiber and 13.67% ash. The mineral content, in  mg/100
gm of bamboo shoots, was found to be potassium 1661.17, calcium 369.5, phosphorus 887, and sodium 17.33. O. abyssinica shoot has almost similar nutrient content to A. alpina shoot except difference in very few
mineral elements. O. abyssinica shoot has higher potassium. On dry weight basis, it contains 27%
protein, 8.67% crude fiber, and 11.33% ash. Its mineral contents in mg/100
gm, dry weight basis, were potassium 4737, calcium 203.8, phosphorus 704 and Na 16.67. The values for
tannin and phytate are higher for A.
alpina
but with very low (below
detection level) hydrocyanic acid. The result indicated that mineral and
proximate contents also vary depending on location and species. Shoot size
has no significant effect on proximate and mineral contents except tannin
that increased with shoot size. Generally the two indigenous bamboos have
good nutrient profile. Developing improved processing techniques that enhance
bioavailability of Fe in bamboo shoot foods of indigenous species is required.

 

Submitted: 23/03/2019

Accepted:  30/03/2019

Published: 13/06/2019

 

*Corresponding Author

Yigardu
Mulatu Mengesha

E-mail: yigardumulatu@ gmail.com

Phone: +251-911-173640

 

Keywords:

highland
bamboo; lowland bamboo; nutrient; Oxytenanthera abyssinica; Arundiaria
alpina; Yushania alpina

.

 

 

 

Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]              [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]

REFERENCES

 

Abinet
T (2009). Nutritional Profile of Moringa stenopetala
Species Samples Collected from Different Places in Ethiopia and their
Comparison with Moringa oleifera
Species. Ethiopia Health and Nutrition Research Institute. Proceedings of the
workshop on Commercialization of Moringa in Ethiopia, EIAR. Addis Ababa,
Ethiopia

 

AOAC
(2017).Official methods of analysis, 16th ed., Association of Official
Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC, USA.

 

Ashok KP and Vijayalakshmi O
(2014).Precooking processing of bamboo shoots for removal of anti-nutrients.
J
Food Sci Technol
.51(1):
43–50.

 

Ashok P (2013).
Standardization of harvesting age of bamboo shoots with respect to nutritional
and anti-nutritional components, Journal
of Forestry Research
24(1): 83−90.

 

Bhatt
BP, Singha LB, Sachan MS and  Singh K
(2004). Commercial edible bamboo species of the North-Eastern Himalayan Region,
India. Part I: young shoot sales. J.
Bamboo and Rattan
, 3 (4):  337–364

 

CFPH
(2010). China Forestry Publishing House (CFPH), Technical Manual on Asian
Tropical Bamboo Shoot Production, Processing and Utilization, Beijing, China.

 

EHNRI  (1997/98). Food composition table for use in
Ethiopia. Part III.

 

FSANZ
(2005). Cyanogenic Glycosides in Cassava And Bamboo Shoots:  A Human Health Risk Assessment, Technical
Report Series No. 28. Food Standards Australia New Zealand. ISBN 0 642 34551-1.

 

Hoikhokim
NA and Kananbala S (2016). Cyanogenic glycosides in Edible Succulent Bamboo
Shoots of Manipur, India, Int. J. Curr. Res.
Aca. Rev
. 4(8): 64-72

 

Lisbeth BAnne S and Søren K (2008).Phytate:
impact on environment and human nutrition. A challenge for molecular breeding,
J
Zhejiang Univ Sci B
9(3): 165–191.

 

Melaku U, West CE and Habtamu F (2005).Content of zinc,
iron, calcium and their absorption inhibitors in foods commonly consumed in
Ethiopia. J.  Food Comp. Anal. 18: 803–817.

 

Miftah F, Emnar C,
and Peter D (2012).  Household
Contribution of Bamboo in Masha District, Southern Ethiopia Natural forest.
Proceedings of the workshop on Forestry and Forest Products in Ethiopia, EIAR.

 

Narmilan A and
Amuthenie S (2015). Demand for Organic food Products in the urban areas of the
Batticaloa District, Sri Lanka, Res. J.
Agriculture and Forestry Sci.
3(11): 21-26.

 

Nirmala
C, Madho S and Sheena H (2011). Nutritional Properties of Bamboo Shoots:
Potential and Prospects for Utilization as a Health Food Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety 10: 154-169.
doi:10.1111/j.1541-4337.2011.00147.

 

Nongdam and Leimapokpam T (2014). The
Nutritional Facts of Bamboo Shoots and Their Usage as Important Traditional
Foods of Northeast India,  International Scholarly Research Notices
 2014, 17 pages.

 

Pallauf J and Rimbach G (1997). Nutritional
significance of phytic acid and phytase.
Arch Tierernahr
50(4):301-19.

 

Sisay F (2013). Site
factor on nutritional content of Arundinaria
alpina
and Oxytenanthera abyssinica
bamboo shoots  in Ethiopia,  Full Length Research Paper. Journal of Horticulture and  Forestry    5(9): 115-121.

 

Xiao JH and Yang QP
(nd). Transfer of Technology Model (Totem) Bamboo Shoot Plantation. Research
Institute of Subtropical Forestry INBAR, Chinese Academy of Forestry and INBAR.
Zhejiang, China.

 

Zenebe
M, Adefires W, Temesgen Y, Mehari A, Demel T, and Habtemariam K (2014). Bamboo
Resources in Ethiopia: Their value chain and contribution to livelihoods, Ethnobotany Research & Applications:
12 (1): 511-524.

 

Cite this Article: Yigardu Mulatu; Tinsae
Bahiru; Berhane Kidane; Abera Getahun; Adamu Belay (2019). Proximate and
Mineral Composition of Indigenous Bamboo Shoots of Ethiopia. Greener Journal
of Agricultural Sciences 9(2): 222-228, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.2.032319049.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *