Abdul Ganiyu Et Al


Abdul-Ganiyu et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 5 (5),
159-166, September

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 020315028

(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.5.020315028)


Effect of Different Water Application Schedules
on the Growth and Yield of Loose leaf Lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. crispa)
at Golinga Irrigation Scheme in the Tolon District of Northern Region, Ghana


*AbdulGaniyu, S., Alhassan A.L. and Adongo, T.A.


Department of Agricultural
Mechanization and Irrigation Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, University for
Development Studies, Box TL 1882, Tamale, Ghana



To assess the effect of
different water application schedules on the growth and yield of lettuce (Lactuca
sativa var. crispa
), a field experiment was carried out at Golinga
Irrigation Site. Four treatments were laid out in a Randomized Complete Block
Design in four replications. The treatments were; TRT1 (adlib
application by farmers), TRT2 (100% of the daily ETc applied
only in the morning at each growth stage), TRT3 (100% of the
daily ETc applied only in the evening at each growth stage) and
TRT4 (100% ETc split: 50% of the daily ETc applied
in the morning and the other 50% applied in the evening at each growth stage).
The daily crop water requirement (ETc) of the crop was calculated
for the four stages of growth using the CROPWAT software bearing in mind the
area of each bed (16m2). The data was analyzed using the Genstat
Software. The results revealed that plants grown in the TRT4 grew
healthier and recorded the highest plant height (23.3cm), number of leaves (9),
leaf spread (25.03cm), leaf area index (5.25), and fresh matter weight of leaf
(43.0g), yield (28.3t/ha) and water productivity (7.2kg/m3). Plants
grown in TRT3 recorded the least values for plant height
(19.8cm), number of leaves (7), leaf spread (20.9cm), leaf area index (4.1),
fresh matter weight of leaf (30.7g), yield (13.9t/ha) and water productivity
(3.5kg/m3). It is recommended that interested lettuce farmers could
adopt TRT4 water application schedule since it gave the highest
values in all the parameters used for data collection.


Keywords: Differenwater application schedules,
yield of lettuce, crop evapotranspiration (ETc), crop water productivity

Post-review Rundown

   View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]



Asano T, Burton H. Leverenz
H, Tsuchihashi R and Techobanoglous G (2007). Water Reuse: Issues,
Technologies, and Applications McGraw-Hill Professional , New York, 15-70pp.
in: Waste water Irrigation and health. Assessing and mitigating Risk in low
Income Countries.


Broner I (2005). Irrigation
Scheduling. Crop Series on Irrigation. Colorado State University Cooperative
Extension. Publication no. 4.704. p 1274-280.


Heinemann B (1994). Crop
Productivity. Cambridge University Press, U.S pp 98.


Jones HG (2004). What is
water use efficiency? In: Bacon, M.A. (Ed), Water Use Efficiency in Plant
Biology. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK, 27-41.


Nagaz K, Mokh FEl,  Masmoudi
MM, Mechlia, NB (2013). Soil salinity, yield and water productivity of lettuce
under irrigation regimes with saline water in arid conditions of Tunisia.
International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production. Vol., 4 (5), 892-900.
Available online at http:// www.ijappjournal.com.


Oad, FC, Soomro A, Oad NL,
Abro ZA, Issani MA, and Gandahi AW (2001). Yield and Water Use Efficiency of
Sunflower Crop under Moisture Depletions and Bed Shapes in Saline Soil. Online
Journal of Biological Sciences, 1 (5): 361 – 362.


Ogbodo EN, Okorie PO, Utobo
EB (2010). Growth and Yield of Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) at Abakaliki
Agro-Ecological Zone of Southeastern Nigeria. World Journal of Agricultural
Sciences 6 (2): 141-148


Rai N and Yadax, DS (2005).
Advances in vegetable production. Published by Researhco Book center 25-B/2,
New Delhi- 110005 India pp550-558


Roth S  and Field
J (1994). Introduction to agricultural engineering. Longman, London, 75-78pp.


Ryder EJ (1986). Lettuce
Breeding (part of vegetable breeding). AVI Publishing Co., Westport, Conn. pg


Sammis T.W. (1980).
Comparison of sprinkler, trickle, subsurface and furrow irrigation methods for
row crops. Agron J. 72: 701-704.


Smith SW (1997). Landscape
Irrigation Design and Management. Cambridge University Press, U.S 71pp.


SNC─LAVALIN International
(2010). Feasibility study, final design and construction supervision of
rehabilitation/extension work on irrigation schemes in MCA intervention zones.
Environmental And Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) LOT-1 Golinga scheme. MiDA
contract Number 1201101-01.SNC project Number 606385.


Valenzuela H, Kratky B and  Cho J
(1996). Lettuce Production Guidelines for Hawaii. CTAHR, University of Hawaii.


World Bank, (2006).
Directions in Development. Reengaging in Agricultural Water Management:
Challenges and Options. The International Bank for Reconstruction and
Development, the World Bank.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

× Chat on Whatsapp?