Akhideno Et Al

Akhideno et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (10), pp. 289-293, December 2017.

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Article

Manuscript
Number: 102817159

 

(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.10.102817159)

 

Toxic Effects of Erythrophleum
ivorense
 A.Chev (Bark) on
Stem- Borer Insect Pest on the Growth and Reproductive Stages of Maize Plant (zea mays)

 

*Akhideno L.O.1, Ogboru R.O.2 and E.A. Owoeye1

 

1 Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria; Moist Forest Research
Station, P.M.B 2444, Benin-city.

2 Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria: Research
Control Unit, Jericho Hills, P.M.B. 5087, Ibadan.

Abstract

 

Erythrophleum ivorense efficacy of its steep water extract to control
yellow stem borer in maize plant during the growth and vegetative stages was
investigated in the Science laboratory Department of Federal Polytechnic,
Auchi, Edo State, Nigeria. The extract (steep water) was applied at the rate of
0 (control), 5, 10, 15 and 20 mlkg
-1. The result obtained
showed that Erthrophleum ivorense (water extract) at 10mlkg
-1 to 20mlkg-1 were effective in the
control of stem borer at 0.01% level of significance. It also revealed the
strong insecticidal action of E. ivorense on maize insect
pest. However, with increasing concentration of the E. ivorense at
20mlkg
-1, giving the highest mortality rate residual
action and the reproductive at 89.15%, 76% and 0% respectively. This finding
provides a good resource for poor farmers in developing countries who will find
this trial affordable than buying chemical pesticides.

 

Keywords: Erythrophleum ivorense, (steep water extract)
maize, stem borer and Bio-pesticides.

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