Akinlade Et Al

Akinlade et al

Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 10(2), pp. 63-70,
2020

ISSN: 2276-7770;

Copyright ©2020, the
copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

https://gjournals.org/GJAS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nutritive
assessment of different forms of Piliostigma
thonningii
leaves in West Africa Dwarf Sheep diet

 

 

Akinlade J.A.1;
Fabule S.A.1; Alalade J.A.2; Asaolu V.O.1; Aderinola
O.A.1; Okunlola O.O.2

 

 

1Department of Animal
Production and Health, Ladoke  Akintola
University of Technology

PMB 4000, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

2Department
of Animal Health and Production, Oyo State College of Agriculture and

Technology,
P.M.B. 10, Igbo Ora.Oyo State.

 

 

ARTICLE INFO

ABSTRACT

 

Article
No.:
052619099

Type: Research

 

 

Small ruminants
are relatively easier to manage and produce than other species of livestock.
An experiment was carried out to investigate the performance and nutrient
digestibility of West African dwarf growing sheep fed mixture of Panicum maximum and different forms of
Piliostigma thonningii for 60 days
feeding trial. A total of twenty (20)
WAD sheep were randomly allocated to four treatments (T1= P. maximum (PM) 100%;
T2= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% fresh Piliostigma thonningii;
T3= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% wilted Piliostigma thonningii ;
T4= 70% P. maximum (PM) + 30% dried Piliostigma thonningii )
with five animals per treatment. The experimental diet was fed at 3%
body weight of individual animals. The results revealed that animals fed T2
recorded the least weight gain (75.13g/day) while the highest weight gain
(77.21g/day) was recorded for T4. The daily weight gain of animals were
significantly different across all treatments (P<0.05). The forms of PT
leaves had effect on dry matter (DM) and nutrient compositions. DM and NDF
were higher (P<0.05) in the dry PT leaves. Mean crude protein (CP) was
similar in the fresh (10.79±1.80), wilted (10.74± 0.9) and dry forms
(10.26±1.20).  Higher value of (620.90±
2.10) neutral detergent fibre (NDF) was obtained for dry leaves and the least
value (532.71±1.62) was obtained for the fresh leaves. Mineral contents was
reduced in the dry form while the anti-nutrients except for the oxalate was
significantly (P<0.05) reduced in the dry form of PT. Results suggest that
feed intake, weight change and nutrient digestibility can be improved by
feeding of PT leaves to sheep in the dry form, and that the drying reduced
most of the secondary metabolites of PT leaves. Further studies is however
recommended to determine whether further higher supplementation  levels for all forms of  PT leaves 
is necessary for optimum utilization as the dry season feed supplement
for sheep.

 

Accepted:  28/05/2019

Published: 25/04/2020

 

*Corresponding
Author

Akinlade,Jelili
Akinwole

E-mail:
akinslautech@ yahoo.com

Phone:
+2348033722826

 

Keywords: Piliostigma
thonningii; digestibility; anti-nutrients; supplementation

 

 

 

Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]              [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]

 

REFERENCES

 

Acamovic,
T., Steward, C. S. and Pennycott, T. W. (eds) (2004). Poisons plants and
toxins.   Oxford University Press, 608pp

 

Alalade,
J.A., Akinlade, J.A., Aderinola, O.A., Fajemisin, A.N., Muraina, T.O and   Amoo.T.A (2016). Proximate, Mineral and
Anti-nutrient contents in Psophocarpustetragonolobus(L)
DC. (Winged bean) leaves. British Journal
of PharmaceuticalResearch 10(2):1-7 2016.

 

Albayrak,
S., Balkıs, N., Balkıs, H., Zenetos, A., Kurun, A., Karhan, S.Ü., Çağlar, S.,
BalcınM., (2012).

 

Assessment
of ecological quality status of Küçükçekmece Bay (Marmara Sea) by applying
BENTIX, AMBI, BOPA and BO2A biotic indexes
inMediterranean Marine
Science
.

 

Akinlade,
J. A., Farinu, G. O., Taiwo, A. A., Aderinola, O. A., Adebayo, T. A., Ojebiyi,
O. O. and Olaniran O. A. (2007). Agronomic and nutritive evaluation of Jack
bean (Canavaliaensiformis) for fodder
in the derived Savannah zone of Nigeria.International
Journal of Agricultural Research.
Vol. 2, No. 12. Pp. 1059 – 1063.

 

Akinlade,
J., Smith, J.W., Larbi, A., Archbong, I.O. Adekunle, I.O., (2002). Forage from cropping systems as dry season supplements for
sheep. Trop.Grassls. 36, 102-106.

 

Akusu,
M.O., Ajala, O.O., (2000). Reproductive Performance of West African Dwarf Goats
in the Humid Tropical Environment of Ibadan.Department of Veterinary Surgery
andReproduction, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.Volume 55Pg (2) an assay for tannin in sorghum grain.
Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 26: 1214-1218.

 

Anonymous  (1980). Mechanized manufacture of Mozzarella
cheese.Industria Del Latte, 16: 26-29.

 

AOAC,
(1990). Official methods of Analysis, 15thed, Association of
official Analytical Chemist, Washington DC USA Pg 69-88

 

ARC
(Agricultural Research Council) 1980. The nutrient requirements of ruminants’
livestock.Common wealth Agricultural Bureau, Slough, U.K.

 

Arelovich,
H.M.; Abney, C.S.; Vizcarra, J.A.; Galyean, M.L.(2008) Effects of dietary
neutral detergent fiber on intakes of dry matter and net energy by dairy and
beef cattle: Analysis of published data. Prof. Anim. Sci. 2008, 24, 375–383.

 

Aydin, N.,
Fischer, P., and Frey, D. (2010).The effects of social exclusion on
religiousness.Personality and Social
Psychology Bulletin, 36, 742–753.

 

Babayemi,
O.J., Demeyer, D. and Fievez, V. (2004b).In
vitro
fermentation of tropical brows seed in relation of their content of
secondary metabolize. J. Ani. Feed Sci.
13 Tech.1: 31-34.

 

Bamikole,
M.A., Babayemi, O.J., Arigbede, O.M., Ikhatua, U.J., (2003).Nutritive value of Ficusreligiosain West African dwarf
goats.  Anim. Feed.Sci. Technol. 105, 71-79.

 

Bayer,
W (1990).Use of browse by Fulani cattle in Central Nigeria.Agrofor. Syst. 12: 217-228

 

Belmar,
R., Nava-Montero, R., Sandoval-Castro, C. and Menab, J.M. (1999).Jack bean (Canavaliaensiformis L.DC) in poultry
diets; Anti-nutritional factors and detoxification studies. A. Review. PoultSci. J. 55 (1) 37-59.

 

Chernow,
Barbara A, George A. Vallasied., (1993). Colombian encyclopedia Pg 234

 

Djuma,
(2003): Djuma game reserved Copyright © 1998-2003

 

Eroarome
Martin Aregbeore., (2002). Voluntary intake and Digestibility of fresh, wilted
and dry (Leucaenaleucocephala) at
four levels to a basal diet of grass (Panicum     maximum). Asian-Aust. J.Anim.Sci. vol
15 no 8, 1139-1146.

 

Fassett,
D.W., (1966). Oxalate: Toxicant Occurring Naturally in Food, National Academy
of Science, NRC, Washington DC).

 

Foley,
W.J and McArthur, C., (1994). The effect and cost ofallelochemicals for
mammalian herbivores: an ecological perspective. In: Chivers, DJ, Langer, P (eds):
Food, form and      functions. Pp 370-391.
Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

 

Hoffman D.B., Pearson, C. G., Yen,
T.J., Howell, B.J and Salmon, E.D (2001).Microtubule-dependent changes in
assembly of microtubule motor proteins and mitotic spindle  checkpoint proteins at PtK1 kinetochores. MolBiol
Cell
12(7):1995-2009

 

Hudson, B.J.F. and El-Difrawl, E.A. (1981) The Sapoagenins
of the Seeds of Four Lupin Species. Journal of Plant Foods , 3, 181-186.
https://doi.org/10.1080/0142968X.1979.11904227

 

Hurrell,
R.F., (2005), Influence of vegetable protein source on trace element and
mineral bioavailability. J. Nutri. 133:
2973S-2977S.

 

ILCA,
(1990).Annual report (1989).International Livestock Centre for Africa, Addis
Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

Khan Z.L, Ashraf M, Hussain A, and McDowell
L.R, (2005) Seasonal variation of trace element in a semi and yield pasture
communication in soil science and plant Analysis (2005); 37:1471-1484.

 

Larbi,
A., Smith, J.W., Adekunle, I.O., Kurdi, I.O., 1996. Studies on the multipurpose
fodder trees and shrubs in West Africa: variation in the determination of
forage quality in Albesia and Paraserianthes. Agrofor Syst. 33, 29-39.

 

Maga,
J.A, (1982). Phytate: its chemistry, occurrence, food interactions, nutritional
significance and methods of analysis. J.
Agric. and Food Chem. 30, 1-9
.

 

P
Makkar, H.P.S., Blummel, M., Borowy, N.K and Becker, K., (1993).Gravimetric
determination of tanninsand their correlations with chemical and protein
precipitation methods.J.Sci. Food Agric. 61, 161-165.

 

McDowell,
L. R. (1985). Calcium, Phosphorus and Flourine. In: Nutrition of Grazing Ruminants in 
Warm Climates
(Ed): L. R. McDowell. Academic Press, Orlando,
Florida. Pp. 189 – 212.

 

McLeod,
M.N, (1974). Plant tannin.Their role in forage quality. Nutrition Abstracts and
Reviews (1974); 11: 803-815.

 

Melaku,
U, Clive, E.W, Habtamon, F.(2005). Content of zinc, iron, calcium and their
absorption inhibitors in Ethiopia. Journal
of Food Composition Analysis.
(2005); 18:803-817.

 

Mecha,
I., Adegbola, T.A., (1980). Chemical composition of some southern Nigeria
forages eaten by goats. Browse in Africa.ILCA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

 

NRC.
1985. Nutrients requirements of beef cattle (17th edition) National
Academy Press, Washington D. C. USA.

 

Nussio,
L.G.; Manzano, R.P.; Pedreira, C.G.S. Valor alimentícioemplantas do
gêneroCynodon. In: SIMPÓSIO SOBRE MANEJO DA PASAGEM, 15, Piracicaba, 1998. Anais…
Piracicaba: FEALQ/ESALQ, 1998. p. 203-242.

 

Okoli,
I. C., Ebere, C. S., Emenalom, O. O., Uchengbu, M. C. and Esonu, B. O. (2001).
Indigenous livestock paradigms revisited 11: An assessment of the proximate
value of most preferred indigenous browses of South Eastern Nigeria. Tropical Animal Production Investigation.
Vol. 4, No. 2, Pp. 99 – 107.

 

Osagie
AU (1998). Anti-nutritional Factors in Nutritional Quality of Plant Foods. Ambik Press Ltd Benin City, Nigeria, pp.
1-40.

 

Palmer,
B., Schlink, A.C., (1992). The effect of drying on intake and the rate of
digestion of the legume Calliandracalotysus.
Trop. Grassls. 26, 89-93.

 

Parachristous,
T.G., Nastis, A.S., 1994. Influence of deciduous broadleaved woody species in      goat nutrition during the dry season in
Northern Greece. Small.Rum. Res, 20, 15-22.

 

Roggero P, Lisa V, Nervo G and Pennazio S.
(1996). Continuous high temperature can break the hypersensitivity of Capsicum
chinense
‘PI152225’ to tomato spotted wilt tospovirus (TSWV). PhytopathologiaMediterranea35,
117- 120.

 

Ruales, J. and Nair, B.M. (1993) Saponins, Phytic
Acid, Tannins and Protease Inhibitors in Quinoa (Chenopodiumquinoa , Wild)
Seeds. Food Chemistry, 48,137-143.
https://doi.org/10.1016/0308-8146(93)90048-K

 

SAS
(1988).  Statistical Analysis system
Institute Inc. Cary NC, US

 

Schuttes,
R.E., Hoffman, A., 1973. The Botany and Chemistry of Hallucinogens, Charles C. Thomas,
spring field

 

Underwood
E.J, (1981). The mineral nutrition of livestock.Common wealth Agricultural
Bureaux, Slough, England, (1981); 10.

 

Teferedegne,
B. (2000). New perspective on the use of tropical plant to improve ruminant
nutrition.Pro.Nutr. Soc., 59; 209-214

 

Tesemna,
A., Birnie, A., Tengnas, B., (1993). Useful trees and shrubs of
Ethiopia.Regional Soil Conservation Unit (RSCU) Swedish International
Development Authority     (SIDA).

 

Van
Soest, P.J., Robertson, J.B. and Lewis, B.A. (1991).Methods for dietary neutral
detergent fibre and non-starch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition.J. DiarySci.74:3583-3597.

 

Vucenik,
I. and A.M. Shamsuddin, (2003).Cancer inhibition by inositol hex phosphate
(1p6) and inositol; from laboratory to clinic. J. Nutri. 33: 3778S-3784S.

 

Walinga,
I., Van-VEAK, V.W. Houba, V.I.G. and Van-derlee.J.J. (1989). Plant Analysis,
Procedures (Soil and Plant Analysis, Part 7) Wagenningen Netherland, 18.

 


Cite this Article: Akinlade JA; Fabule SA; Alalade JA; Asaolu
VO; Aderinola OA; Okunlola OO (2020). Nutritive assessment of different forms
of Piliostigma thonningii leaves in
West Africa Dwarf Sheep diet. Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences
10(2): 63-70.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *