Apetorgbor Et Al

Apetorgbor et al

Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 5 (5),
pp. 
177-189, September
2015.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 071115091

(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.5.071115091)

 

Comparative Studies on Growth and Yield of Oil
Palm Mushroom, Volvariella Volvacea (Bull. Ex. Fr.) Sing. on
Different Substrates

 

*1Apetorgbor, A.K., 2Apetorgbor,
M.M., 3Derkyi, N.S.A.

 

1Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, KNUST, Kumasi,
Ghana

2Forestry Research Institute of Ghana, P. O. Box 63, KNUST, Kumasi,
Ghana

3University of Energy and
Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana

Abstract

 

Edible mushrooms are
collected in the countryside and forest regions for consumption and some sold
for income. They are highly nutritional and medicinal. The oil palm mushroom, Volvariella
volvacea
 (Bull. Ex. Fr.) Sing., a highly priced and preferred edible
mushroom is cultivated using traditional methods which result in low and
inconsistent yields. This study was conducted to compare the performance of
various local substrates and supplements on the yield of V. volvacea using
the low and high bed cultivation methods.

Various
agricultural wastes among others were used in preparing low and high beds
sprinkled with grain spawn of V. volovacea. The beds were covered
with thick transparent polyethylene sheets which were raised 15 cm to allow for
mushroom development.

Plantain
leaf bundles and cassava peels supported the highest mycelial density followed
by threshed rice panicle and cotton waste. The highest yield (280g/kg
substrate) was obtained from the plantain leaf bundles, giving a biological
conversion efficiency of 25%. Pinhead formation started 10 and 13 days after
spawning on the bundled and chopped plantain leaves, respectively. The mixture
of cotton waste and rice straw was the best after the plantain leaves followed
by the mixture of cotton waste and corn cob. Yields  increased from
October to April/May with a maximum of 280g/kg for the plantain leaf bundles in
April/May where temperatures ranged from 20.0-36.0oC and was very
low in August/September, where temperatures ranged from 20.0-32.5ºC. Nitrogen
content of some substrates was low (0.4-1.0%) and therefore these substrates
may need supplementation.

 

Key words: Volvariella
volvacea
, fructification, supplemented substrates, high bed method.

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