Beksisa Et Al


Beksisa et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 9(3),
pp. 302-308, 2019


©2019, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)

DOI Link:




based outbreak study and Genetic characterization of O serotype Foot and mouth
diseases virus isolated from clinical cases in dairy farms of Welmera
district, Central Oromia, Ethiopia



Beksisa Urge, Fufa Dawo, Daniel Gizaw, Melaku Sombo, Ayelech Muluneh
, Abdi Aliyi, Bayata Senbeta, Tsion Bilata


Ethiopian Institute of
Agricultural Research, Holeta Agricultural Research Center







Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.3.072319141



Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a trans-boundary
viral disease that causes huge economic losses.  A field based outbreak study was conducted
in September 2016/ 2017 to identify and genetically characterize O serotype
from clinical and asymptomatic cases at Welmera district Menagesha kolobo
kelebe of central Oromia. The investigation was purposively conducted in the
respective farms where outbreak occurred. Accordingly, 50 dairy cattle were
clinically examined and about 20 (40%) animals showed sign and clinical
lesions of the disease.   Accordingly,
active epithelial tissues and probang samples were taken from acutely and
severely infected animals for virus isolation, typing and genetic detection.
These clinical samples were processed for antigen typing and O serotype was
isolated from clinical and asymptomatic cases in the farm.  The genetic material of this strain was
tested by   rRT- PCR and the viral
genome was detected in the epithelial tissues and probang samples.  In conclusion, the study showed that O serotype
was circulating in the district. Therefore, foot and mouth disease control
should be established based on the availability of potent and matched
vaccines against the circulating field strains.


Submitted: 23/07/2019

Accepted:  03/08/2019

Published: 26/08/2019







FMDV; Welmera; Serotypes; Outbreak



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Cite this Article: Beksisa, U; Fufa, D;
Daniel, G, Melaku, S; Ayelech, M; Abdi, A; Bayata, S; Tsion, Bilata (2019). Farm
based outbreak study and Genetic characterization of O serotype Foot and
mouth diseases virus isolated from clinical cases in dairy farms of Welmera
district, Central Oromia, Ethiopia. Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences
9(3): 302-308,

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