Bhimsen Et Al


Bhimsen et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (10), pp. 320-325, November 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 110716200



of PRISM Approach on Area, Production and Income of Vegetable Growers in
Kaski and Kapilvastu District of Western Nepal


Gurung1, Punya Prasad Regmi2, Resham Bahadur Thapa2,
Durga Mani Gautam2, Ganesh Man Gurung3 and

Bahadur Karki4


Ph.D. Candidate in Agricultural
Economic, IAAS, TU.

2Professors, IAAS, TU.

3Professor, Central Department of
Sociology, TU.

4Retired Chief Soil Scientist,
NARC, Khumaltar.


This study examines the impact of
Prosperity Realization through Irrigation and Smallholder Market (PRISM)
approach on increase of area under vegetable cultivation, production increase
of vegetables and income increase of farmer in Kaski and Kapilvastu districts
of Nepal. The project mainly intervened in
networking of agricultural supplies to facilitate the small farmers to enhance
production and productivity and marketing. After the project intervention,
number of input suppliers increased with their services availability in time
showing a positive impact in the area of input supply after the project. The
technical capacity of the farmers was improved, farmers were organized in
groups and the forward and backward linkages with input suppliers and output
traders strengthen. The study indicated that the vegetable growers were able to
sell their farm produce. In Kaski, the farmers
almost doubled their income, i.e. from NRs. 33467 before the project to NRs.
60846 after the project. The farmers in Kapilvastu received >10 times
increase in their farm income (NRs. 41259) after the project. After the
project, non-farm income also significantly increased. The
mean area of vegetable cultivation highly significantly increased after the
project in Kaski and Kapilvastu as compared to before the project intervention.

The study showed that the vegetable farming area and labor use highly
significantly increased after the project in both, Kaski and Kapilvastu
districts as compared to before the project intervention. Similarly, male
female farm working and hired labor including their wages were found
significant increased after the project. There was highly significant increase
in production, consumption, and sale, gross and net income of vegetables
farming in surveyed area over the period of ten years. The study revealed that
the PRISM project has brought highly significant impact on the income of the
farmers while comparing before and after the project intervention. The multiple
regressed F-value pooled of both districts was highly significant explaining
nearly 2/3rd of the vegetable production contributed by the seasonal vegetable
growing farm plus hired labors (R2 = 64.55) working on the farm.
This study concludes that the Government of Nepal needs to develop a policy to
implement PRISM approach as a Program Planning tools for sustainable


Keyword: PRISM, commercial
vegetable farming, Input supply, vegetable production and vegetable produce

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