Buhari Et Al

Advertisements

Buhari et al



Greener
Journal of  Agricultural Sciences


Vol. 4 (2), pp.
022-026,
March 2014.


 ISSN: 2276-7770 



Research

Paper

Manuscript Number: 1219131042

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.2.1219131042

 



Production of Biodiesel from Baobab Seed Oil

 


*1
M.
Buhari, W. L. Danbature, M. M. Muzakir, and B. A.
Abubakar

 


Department of Chemistry, Gombe State University, P.M.B.
127, Gombe, Nigeria.

 


*Corresponding Author’s Email: magaji.buhari @
yahoo.co.uk

Abstract:

Biodiesel
is a renewable, biodegradable and environmentally friendly
fuel for use in diesel engines. It can overcome the problem
associated with fossil fuels such as its non-renewability,
polluting nature and its global politics which is a matter
of concern to many nations. In this research, biodiesel was
produced from the seed oil of baobab (Adansonia digitata)
with methanol in the ratio of 5:1 (v/v) of the oil to
alcohol. After the crude oil extract was transesterified,
the viscosity of the biodiesel was 0.859cm-2, the cloud, the
pour, and the flash points obtained were 10oC, 20oC and 17oC
respectively. From the results it was clear that the
produced biodiesel fuel was within the recommended standards
of the biodiesel fuel and so can be used as fossil fuel
substitute.
 
Keywords: Baobab seeds, Biodiesel, Free fatty acid,
viscosity.

Reference:


Cheng,
SF, Choo, YM, Ma, AN, Chuah, CH, (2004). Kinetics Study on Transesterification
of palm oil, J. of Palm oil Res., 16(2), p. 19-29.

Diamond, PS and Denman, RF, (1973),
Laboratory Techniques in Chemistry and Biochemistry: p 152-154.Butterworth and
Co (South Africa) Ltd. Durban:

Fatty Acid – Wikipedia, the free
encyclopedia, 2009. Retrieved on 16/10/2009.

Freedman, B and   Pryde, EH, (1986). Fatty esters from
vegetable oils for use as a diesel fuel. In Vegetable oil fuels- Proceedings of
the Int. Conf. on plant and vegetable oil as fuels, p. 117-122, Fargo, ND, 2-4
August. St. Joseph, MI:ASAE.

Jatropha-wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,
2008. Retrieved on 8/7/2008.

Kyari MZ, (2008). Extruction and
Characterization of seed oils. International Agrophysics, 22, 139 – 142.

Cooks
L. V. and C. Van Rede (eds) (1997). Laboratory Handbook, for oil and fat
analysis (Eds L.V Cooks and C. Van Rede).

Mondala, A, Liang, K,
Toghiani, H and Hernandez, R, (2009). Biodiesel production by in situ
Transesterification of municipal primary and secondary sludges. Bioresource Technology 100, 1203–1210. Elsevier
Ltd.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *