Chisango And Maposa

Chisango and Maposa

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (3), pp. 127-133, March 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 030316054


(DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.3.030316054)

 

Impacts
of Erotic Weather Patterns as a Result of Climate Change and Variability on
Food Crop Productivity and Food Security in Zimbabwe’s Arid Regions of
Matabeleland; A Case of Siabuwa Communal Area in Binga District

                                                                                                                                      

Chisango
Future Fortune T and Maposa Angela*

 

1senior lecturer faculty of agriculture,
Zimbabwe open university, Zimbabwe.

2senior
lecturer faculty of arts and education, Zimbabwe open university, Zimbabwe.


Abstract:

This
article explores the impact of climate change and variability on food crop
productivity in Siabuwa area of Binga district in Matabeleland North Region.
The study further examined community based adaptation and mitigation strategies
devised by local farmers to cushion the catastrophic effects of climatic
transformations. The sustainability of such strategies was also interrogated in
the article. The study made use of qualitative methodologies where primary data
was generated from a sample of 100 households drawn from a population of 400
family units. Agricultural experts and other stakeholders such as
Nongovernmental organizations operating in the district produced records which
were critical in the compilation of secondary data.  The research used questionnaires and
interviews to solicit information and obtain a broader understanding of climate
change and livelihood issues from key informants and ascertain how
knowledgeable people in the study area were about shocks resulting from
climatic modifications and finally establish the adaptation and mitigation
strategies devised by farmers to deal with the shocks emanating from such
transformations. It was established that some of effects of climatic
inconsistencies felt by communal farmers in Siabuwa area included total crop
failure, death of livestock and over exploitation of natural resources, all of
which have led to declining agricultural productivity and massive devastation
of the natural resources base hence plunging local communities into persistent
food insecurity and miserable poverty. Findings in the study however
established that local communities have not been submissive to the catastrophic
effects of climate change and variability, as they have equally responded by
adopting various adaptation and mitigation strategies both individually and
collectively. The study concluded that widespread poverty and food insecurity
in arid regions of Zimbabwe are directly linked to climatic transformations as
it has been established that poor agricultural productivity is aggravated by
climate change and variability.

 

Keywords: Climate change;
Climate variability; Food insecurity; Livelihood shocks; Adaptation; Drought
resistant crops
.

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