Iwu Et Al


Iwu et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences

9(3), pp. 350-356, 2019

ISSN: 2276-7770

Copyright ©2019, the copyright of this article is
retained by the author(s)

DOI Link: https://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2019.3.092519177




of Productivity among Catfish Farmers in Niger State, Nigeria



Iwu, I.M.
1*; Adewole O.E. 2; Ishie, D.N. 3; Arowolo,
K.O. 4



1 & 4 Federal College of Freshwater
Fisheries Technology, P. M. B. 1500, New Bussa, Niger State, Nigeria.

2 & 3 Federal College of Animal Health
and Production Technology, Moore Plantation, Ibadan







Type: Research

DOI: 10.15580/GJAS.2019.3.092519177



This study was
conducted to investigate the determinants of productivity among catfish
farmers in Niger State, Nigeria. Borgu Local Government Area was purposively
selected because catfish farming is largely practiced in the area. Within
the area, data were collected with the aid of well-structured questionnaires
administered randomly to 120 fish farmers using the two-stage random
sampling technique. Descriptive statistics, Total Factor Productivity
Analysis and Ordinary Least Square Regression Model were used to isolate the
factors that affect fish farmers’ productivity in the area. Majority of the
farmers (93.33%) were males; between ages of 41-60 years (72.5%); married
(85.84%); with household size of 1 to 6 (74.17%) and had secondary education
(74.17%). Most of the respondents stocked their fish in ponds with sizes
ranging from 101M2 to 150M2  (40.83%)
or 151M2 to 200M2 (39.17%). More so, 69.17% of the respondents’ ponds were
hired / leased and only 14.17% of them funded their production basically
with loans. 55% of them combined personal savings and loans to fund the
production whereas the rest 37 (30.83%) made use of only personal savings.
The result showed that only 6 (5%) of the respondents had Total Factor
Productivity (TFP)<1, and only 12(10%) had TFP = 1. Majority (75) of them
(62.5%) had TFP between 1.01 and 2.00, while 27 (22.5%) had TFP>2. The
result of Double Log Production Function showed that the coefficients of
pond size (per 10M2) and quantity of feed (per 0.1 tons) were statistically
significant at 1% p>1, while that of farming experience was significant
at 5% (p>5), all with positive coefficients. The adjusted R-squared of
0.8241 explained the coefficient of variation of the catfish farmers’
productivity model. It is recommended that farmers in the study area should
be provided with more irrigation facilities in order to provide sustainable
impoundment for more ponds as well as cheap / subsidized feed, and adequate
training / extension education that could compensate for low level of
experience among majority of them.


Submitted: 25/09/2019

Accepted:  27/09/2019

Published: 30/09/2019



I. M.

ifymimiiwu@ gmail. com


Keywords: Determinants; productivity; catfish farmers; Borgu Local Government Area; Niger State





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Cite this Article: Iwu, IM; Adewole OE; Ishie, DN; Arowolo, KO
(2019). Determinants of Productivity among Catfish Farmers in Niger State,
Nigeria. Greener Journal of
Agricultural Sciences
9(3): 350-356,



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