Kong Et Al

Kong et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (8), pp. 245-251, September 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 082216135


(DOI:
http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.8.082216135)

 

Seroprevalence of Brucella abortus in the Bamenda
Municipal Abattoir of the Western Highlands, of Cameroon

 

Anold
Tatah Kong1,3*, Munji Victorine Nsongka2,

Salome
Mokabe Itoe3, Arnaud Touko Hako3, Isabelle Leinyuy2

 

1Department of Development
Studies, Pan African Institute for Development – West Africa (PAID-WA) Buea
P.O. Box 133, Buea, Cameroon.

2Institute of Agricultural
Research for Development (IRAD) Bambui, North West Region, Cameroon.

3School of Agriculture and
Natural Resources, Catholic University Institute of Buea (CUIB) P.O. Box 563,
Buea.

Abstract

Brucellosis
is one of the most notorious and widespread zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is of serious
economic implications to the cattle industry and thus enormous financial losses
to most countries. This study focused on it serological prevalence at the Nkwen
main abattoir of Bamenda (Northwest region, Cameroon) from June to September
2013. Blood samples were collected from 198 cattle and the sera were screened
using the competitive enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (C-ELISA). Results
showed a seroprevalence of 4.04% in the cattle population screened. A
percentage of 4.40% of the 111 bulls and 3.45% of the 87 cows were recorded as
infected. There was no evidence
(P>0.05) of
differences in sex on the seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle
. There
was no association between brucella infection and age (P>0.05). About three
percent of cattle were positive for those within (<5) age group with
5(4.67%) for those above 5 years of age. The two breeds commonly consumed in
the area the Red and White Fulanie with the Red Fulani having a higher
infection than the White Fulani (P<0.05). The
study also showed that Brucella
infection was dependent on location as 5 out of the 15 villages accounting for
100% infection namely: Fundong (37.5%), Wum (25%), Nso (Jakiri) (12.5%), Metah
(12.5%) and Fonta (12.5%). From these results it was concluded that brucellosis
is present in the population of cattle screened. There is therefore the need
for good control measures and sanitary conditions to limit the spread of the
disease.

 

Key words: Brucella abortus, Competitive ELISA,
Seroprevalence, cattle, Bamenda municipality abattoir, western highlands.

Post-review Rundown

  View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]

References

Aliou S
(2004). Socio-Economic Assessment of Traditional Grazing Amongst Pastoralist
Groups: Case Study of the Mbororo Fulani in the North west Province of
Cameroon”, Unpublished Memoir Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the
Requirement for the Award of the Diploma Igenieur Agronome, Department of
Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang.

 

Antiabong
JF, Yakubu B, Owolodun OA, Bertu W and Ocholi   RA
(2009). Molecular detection of
Brucella spp. from broth culture of clinical samples in Nigeria: Its role in
vaccine quality control.

 

Bayemi PH, Webb EC, Nsongka MV, Unger H, Njakoi H (2009).
Prevalence of Brucella abortus antibodies in serum of Holstein cattle
in Cameroon. Trop Anim Health Prod ,
41:141-144.  

 

Bertu WJ, Amahyel M, Gusi, Moses
Hassan, Esther Mwankon, Reuben AO, Daniel D, Ior, Bakari AH, Gideon I,
Theresia
H, Abdoel & Henk LS (2011).
Serological evidence for brucellosis in Bos indicus in
Nigeria

 

Bornarel P, Akakpo AJ & Tuekam (1987). Epidémiologie
de la brucellose bovine en Afrique tropicale. 3. Enquête sérologique au
Cameroun. Revue Méd. Vét., 138 (1): 55-58 (in French).

 

Cadmus
SIB, Adesokan HK, Stack J (2008). The
use of the milk ring test and Rose Bengal test in brucellosis control and
eradication in Nigeria. J S Afr Vet Med Ass 2008, 79:113-115.

 

Center for Food Security and Public Health (2009) College of
Veterinary Medicine Iowa State University

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] (2012).
Brucellosis-signs and symptoms.

 

Chimana HM, Muma JB, Samui KL, Hangombe BM, Munyeme M,
Matope G, Phiri AM, Godfroid J, Skjerve E, Tryland M (2010). A comparative
study of the seroprevalence of brucellosis in commercial and small-scale mixed
dairy–beef cattle enterprises of Lusaka province and Chibombo district, Zambia. Trop
Anim Health Prod
42:1541-1545. PubMed Abstract |
Publisher Full Text

 

Domenech J, Lucet P & Grillet C
(1980a). La brucellose bovine en Afrique centrale: I. –Méthodes d’enquête
utilisables en milieu tropical.
Rev. Elev. Méd. vét. Pays trop., 33 (3): 277-284 (in
French).

 

Geering WA, Forman JA and Nunn MJ (1995). Exotic Diseases of
Animals. Aust. Gov. Publishing Service, Canberra, Australia, pp: 301-306.

 

GP-DERUDEP. Grassfield Participatory:
Decentralized and Rural Development Project. (2006). Baseline study of the
North West Province. SIRDEP Bamenda Cameroon. 298pp.

 

Hassan M Mai, Peter
CI, Junaidu K and Peter NT (2012). A
large seroprevalence survey of brucellosis in cattle herds under diverse
production systems in northern Nigeria.

 

Lapaque N, Moriyon I, Moreno E and Gorvel JP (2005). Brucella lipopolysaccharide  acts as a virulence factor. Curr. Opin.
Microbiol., 8: 60-66.      

 

Lopes LB, Nicolino R and Haddad JPA (2010). Brucellosis–Risk
Factors and Prevalence: A Review, 4, 72-84

 

Matope G, Bhebhe E, Muma JB, Oloya J, Madekurozwa RL, Lund
A, Skjerve E (2011). Seroprevalence of brucellosis and its associated risk
factors in cattle from small holder dairy farms in Zimbabwe. Trop
Anim Health Prod
, 43:975-982. PubMed Abstract |
Publisher Full Tex

 

Megersa
Bekele Demelash Biffa, Fekadu Niguse, Tesfaye Rufael, Kassahun Asmareand
Eystein Skjerve (2011). Cattle brucellosis in traditional livestock husbandry
practice in Southern and Eastern Ethiopia, and its zoonotic implication.

 

Ndenecho EN (2005). Biological Resource
Exploitation in Cameroon: From crises to sustainable management. Unique
Printers Bamenda Cameroon: 181pp.

 

Plummet M, Diaz R and Verger JM (1998). Zoonosis: biology,
clinical Practice and public health control: Oxford Univ. Press, New York, USA,
pp: 23-35.

 

Radostits OM, Gay CC, Blood DC and Hinchcliff KW (2000).
Veterinary Medicine, 9th Ed., ELBS Bailliere Tindall, London, UK, pp:
870-871.   

 

Refai M (2002). Incidence and control of
brucellosis in the Near East region

 

Schelling
E, Diguimbaye C, Daoud S, Nicolet J, Boerlin P, Tanner M and Zinsstag J (2003).
Brucellosis and Q-fever seroprevalences of nomadic pastoralists and their
livestock in Chad. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 61: 279 – 293.

 

Shey-Njila O, Awah-Ndukum J, Bayemi PH, Nyah E, Zoli PA,
Geerts S (2005). Brucellosis in Cameroon: current status and challenges for the
future. The role of Biotechnology in animal agriculture to address poverty in
Africa: opportunities and Challenges. Arusha, Tanzania, 23-26 September.

 

Shey-Njila O (2004). A sero-epidemiological study of bovine
brucellosis in the region of Dschang (West, Cameroon).MSc. Thesis ITM Antwerp,
Belgium.

 

SVANOVA (2005). Brucella-Ab, C-ELISA
SVANOVIRä. ELISA test for the detection of Brucella antibodies in serum samples
discriminating between infected and vaccinated cattle. Manual.

 

World Health Organization (WHO) (2003).
Brucellosis. Geneva, Switzerland.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *