Kong Et Al


Kong et al

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 6 (8), pp. 245-251, September 2016.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 082216135



Seroprevalence of Brucella abortus in the Bamenda
Municipal Abattoir of the Western Highlands, of Cameroon


Tatah Kong1,3*, Munji Victorine Nsongka2,

Mokabe Itoe3, Arnaud Touko Hako3, Isabelle Leinyuy2


1Department of Development
Studies, Pan African Institute for Development – West Africa (PAID-WA) Buea
P.O. Box 133, Buea, Cameroon.

2Institute of Agricultural
Research for Development (IRAD) Bambui, North West Region, Cameroon.

3School of Agriculture and
Natural Resources, Catholic University Institute of Buea (CUIB) P.O. Box 563,


is one of the most notorious and widespread zoonosis caused by Brucella abortus. It is of serious
economic implications to the cattle industry and thus enormous financial losses
to most countries. This study focused on it serological prevalence at the Nkwen
main abattoir of Bamenda (Northwest region, Cameroon) from June to September
2013. Blood samples were collected from 198 cattle and the sera were screened
using the competitive enzyme linked immuno sorbent assay (C-ELISA). Results
showed a seroprevalence of 4.04% in the cattle population screened. A
percentage of 4.40% of the 111 bulls and 3.45% of the 87 cows were recorded as
infected. There was no evidence
(P>0.05) of
differences in sex on the seroprevalence of brucellosis in cattle
. There
was no association between brucella infection and age (P>0.05). About three
percent of cattle were positive for those within (<5) age group with
5(4.67%) for those above 5 years of age. The two breeds commonly consumed in
the area the Red and White Fulanie with the Red Fulani having a higher
infection than the White Fulani (P<0.05). The
study also showed that Brucella
infection was dependent on location as 5 out of the 15 villages accounting for
100% infection namely: Fundong (37.5%), Wum (25%), Nso (Jakiri) (12.5%), Metah
(12.5%) and Fonta (12.5%). From these results it was concluded that brucellosis
is present in the population of cattle screened. There is therefore the need
for good control measures and sanitary conditions to limit the spread of the


Key words: Brucella abortus, Competitive ELISA,
Seroprevalence, cattle, Bamenda municipality abattoir, western highlands.

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