Nweze

Nweze



Greener
Journal of  Agricultural Sciences


Vol. 4 (2), pp.
027-033,
March 2014.


 ISSN: 2276-7770 



Research

Paper

Manuscript Number: 072213741

 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.2.072213741



Effect of Seed and Vegetative Forage Propagules on
Pasture Establishment

 



Nweze Basil Obasi

 

Department of Animal Science, Ebonyi
State University, Abakaliki – Nigeria.

 

Email:

obasinweze @ gmail.com

Abstract:

Four
forage propagules consisting of two grass species namely
Andropogon gayamus and Panicum maximum and two legumes
species, Centrosema pubescen and Calopogonum mucunoides were
investigated to determine the effect of their propagules on
pasture establishment. The propagules were cultivated by
seed and vegetative methods twice yearly for periods of four
years. The forages were harvested from each plot and the
carrying capacities on each plot determined. The Tropical
Livestock Unit (TLU) of the propagules was also calculated
using the forage yield in each plot. The results indicated
significant differences (p <0.05) among the carrying
capacities from the propagules. The legumes seed propagules
were superior to their vegetative counterparts. However, the
grass vegetative propagules had a better carrying capacity
than grass seed propagules. Both seed and vegetative
propagules cultivated during the rainy season were better
than those cultivated during dry season. The TLU of seed
propagules were superior to vegetative propagules with
legumes seed sole cropping propagules having the highest
carrying capacity. The grass/grass mix cropping had the
least value among other propagules because of intra species
competition.
 
Keywords: Forage seedlings, cultivation method,
environment.

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