Okweche Et Al

Okweche et al

Greener
Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 5 (6),
pp. 
210-216, November
2015.

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 091515130

 

(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.6.091515130)

 

Comparative Efficacy of
Some Insecticidal Plant Materials against Dry Wood Termite (Cryptotermes
cavifrons
 BANKS (Insecta: Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) Infestation

 

Okweche Simon Idoko*1;
Hilili Patrick Matthew1 

and Ita Philip Bassey1

 

1Department of Forestry
and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, PMB 1115,
Calabar, 

Nigeria

Abstract

 

Laboratory study was
conducted to determine the efficacy of six plant extracts Gmelina
arborea 
Roxb (Verbenaceae) leaf, 
Aframomum melegueta [Roskoe] K.
Schum. Zingiber officinale Rosc., Morinda lucida (L.)
(Rubiaceae), Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) (seed
and leaf) and Garcinia kola Heckel (Guttiferae) on
the management of African wood termite under ambient temperature and relative
humidity (300c and 72%). Twenty termites were introduced into a
covered container and treated with three levels (0.0 g, 0.5 g, 1.0 g) of the
various plant extracts. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomised
design (CRD) and replicated four times with factorial arrangement of
treatments. Mortality was recorded at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96 hours
exposure periods respectively. A. melegueta and G.
kola
 were effective at 60 hours of exposure for 0.5g rate of
application recoding 95% mortality while Z. officinale, M.
oleifera 
recorded 100% mortality after 84 hours of exposure. At 1.0 g
rate of application, M. oleifera seed and A. melegueta were
efficacious after 12 hours, however, M. oleifera recorded 95%
mortality after 60 hours and 100 % at 72 hours while A. melegueta and M.
lucida 
recorded 95 and 75 % mortality at 48 hours of exposures
respectively. No mortality was recorded untreated experiment.
Conclusively, A. melegueta, M. lucida and M.
oleifera 
seed and leaf can be used in the control of wood termite
due to higher mortality recorded on application and as a substitute for
synthetic insecticides.

 

Key words: Control, Exposure
periods, Insecticidal plants, Mortality, Termite.

Post-review Rundown

   View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page]

References

Abdullah
Z. A., Ahmed A. Z. and Refaat A. A. (2014). Insecticidal activities of some
plant extracts against subterranean termites, Psammotermes hybostoma
 (Desneux) (Isoptera:
Rhinotermitidae). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4 (9) 257-260,

 

Adejumo, T. O. and
Langenk
mper, G. (2011).
Evaluation of botanicals as biopesticides on the growth of Fusarium
verticillioides 
causing rot diseases and fumonis in production of
maize. J. Microbiol. Antimicrobiol. 4(1):23-31. DOI:10.5897/JMA11.106

 

Adenekan, M. O, Okpeze,
V. E.; Ogundipe, W. F. and Oguntade, M. I. (2013). Evaluation of Moringa
oleifera
 powders for the control of bruchid beetles during storage. International
Journal of Agric. Policy and Research 
1(10):305-310.

 

Ajaiyeoba, E. O. and
Ekundayo, O. (1999). Essential oil constituents of Aframomum
melegueta 
(Roscoe) K. Schum. seeds (Alligator pepper) from
Nigeria. Flav. Frag. J. 14:109-111.

 

Ejechi, B. O. Ojeata, A.
and Oyeleke, S. B. (1997). The effect of extracts of some Nigerian spices on
biodeterioration of Okro (Abelmoschus esculentum (L)
Moench) by fungi. Journal of Phytopathathology 145:469-472.

 

Akinwumi, F. O.;
Fasakin, E. A. and Adedire, C. O. (2007). Toxic and repellence activities of
four plant extracts to D. maculatus Degels in smoked African
mudcat fish. Journal of Entomology 4: 149
154.

 

Etusim, P.E.; Uwom,
K.U.; Melariri, P.E.; Ibeh, O.O. and Ogbonnaya, C.I. (2013). A study on the
Toxicity of the Ethanol Extract of Moringa oleifera Seed Oil
on Simulium Larvae. Journal of Biological Sciences and
Bioconservation, 
5 (1): 86-91.

 

Ewete, F.K.; Arnason,
J.T.; Larson, J. and Philogene, B.J.R. (1996). Biological activities of
extracts from traditionally used Nigerian plants against the European corn
borer, Ostrinia nubilalis. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 80:531-537.

 

Faidi, N.; Makkar, H. P.
S. and Becter, K. (2001). The potential of Moringa oleifera for
agricultural and industrial uses. In: (ed.) Lowell, J. Fuglie The miracle tree:
The multiple attribute of moringa (ed.) pp. 45
76.

 

Faizi, S.; Siddigui, B.;
Saleem, R; Saddiguir, S. and Aftab, K. (1994). Isolation and structure
elucidation of new nitrile and mustard oil glycosides from M.
oleifera 
and their effect on blood pressure. J. Nat. Prod.
57(9):1256-1261.

 

Madukwe, D. K.; Onuh, M.
O. and Christo, I. E. (2012). Effects of M. oleifera leaf
extract on the growth and yield of soybean (Glycine max L. Merri)
and sweet pepper (Capsicum annum L.). Int. J. Appl. Res.
Technol.
 1 (3): 90
97.

 

Mao, L. and Henderson,
G. (2007). Antifeedant activity and acute and residual toxicity of alkaloids
from Sophora flavesces (Leguminosae) against Formosan
subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae). Journal of Economic
Entomology, 
100 (3): 866
870.

 

Ojo, J. A,; Olunloyo, A.
A. and Akanni, E. O. (2013). Efficacy of Moringa oleifera leaf
powder against Callosobruchus maculates (F.) (Coleoptera:
Bruchidae)
 on stored cowpea (Vigna
unguiculata 
L. Walp). Researcher 5(12): 240-244.

 

Okigbo, R.N, and
Ogbonnaya, U.O. (2006). Antifungal effects of two tropical plant
leaf extracts (Ocimum gratissimum and Aframomum melegueta) on post-harvest yam
(Dioscorea spp.) rot. African Journal of Biotechnol., 5:727-31.

 

Okwute, S. K. (1992).
Plant derived pesticidal and antimicrobial agents for use in agriculture. A
review of phytochemical and biological studies in some Nigerian plants. Journal
of Agricultural Science Technology,
2 (1): 62-70.

 

Oloke, J. K. (1992).
Fungicidal Effects of the Volatile Oil of Aframomum meleguetaFitoterapia 63:269-70.

 

Oparaeke, A. M, Dike, M.
C. and Amatobi, C. I. (2005) Field evaluation of extracts of five Nigerian
spices for control of post-flowering insect pests of cowpea,
         Vigna
unguiculata 
(L.) Walp. Plant Protection Science. 41:14-20.

 

Peterson, C. J. and
Ems-Wilson, J. (2003) Catnip essential oil as a barrier to subterranean
termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the laboratory. Journal of
Economic Entomology
, 96 (4): 1275-1282. DOI: 10.1021/bk-2011-1090.ch004.

 

Sanaa J.
T. (2008). The effect of some plants extracts and essentioal oils on
the workers of termites laboratory Microcerotermis gabriles (Isoptera:
Termitidae) Bas. J. Vet. Res. 7:2, 2008.

 

Scott, I. M.; Jensen,
H.; Nicol, L.; Bradbury, R.; Sanchez-Vindas, P.; Poveda, L.; Arnason, J.T. and
Philogene, B.J.R. (2004). Efficacy of piper (Piperaceae)   extracts for
control of common home and garden insect pests. Journal of Economic Entomology, 97 (4):1390-1403. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee

 

Sen-Sarma, P. K.;
Thakur, M. L.; Mishra, S. C. and Gupta, B. K (1975). Wood destroying termites
in India. Forest Research Institute Dehradun p. 187.

 

Sohail, A., Mazhar, I.
Z., Abid, H., Muhammad, A R. and Muhammad, S. (2011). Evaluation of
plant extracts on mortality and tunnelling activities of
       subterranean termites in Pakistan,
Pesticides in the Modern World – Pests Control and Pesticides Exposure and
Toxicity Assessment, Dr. Margarita Stoytcheva (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-457-3.

 

Ukeh, D.A, Birkett, M.
A.; Pickett, J. A.; Bowman, A. S, and Luntza, A. J (2009).  
Repellent activity of alligator pepper, Aframomum melegueta and
ginger, Zingiber officinale, against the maize weevil, Sitophilus
zeamais. Phytochem., 
70(6):751-758.

 

Ukeh, D. A.; Oku, E. E.;
Udo, I. A.; Nta, A. I.  and Ukeh, J. A. (2012). Insecticidal effect of
fruit extracts from Xylopia aethiopica and Dennettia
tripetala 
(Annonaceae) against Sitophilus oryzae (Coleoptera:
Curculionidae).Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research, 72(2)
195-200.

 

Umoetok, S.B.A.; Isah
M.D.; Ukeh J. A and Udo, I. A. (2013). Evaluation of the   
Insecticidal and Deterrence Properties of Pepper Fruit, Dennetia
tripetala 
(G. Baker) and Ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe
against Maize Weevil Sitophilus zeamais (Motsch.). Journal
of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare
, 3 (6): 76-82.

 

Umukoro, S. and
Ashorobi,  R.B. (2007). Further studies on the
antinociceptive  action of aqueous seed extract of Aframomum
melegueta
Journal of Ethnopharm. 109:501-504.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *