Okweche Et Al


Okweche et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 5 (6),
210-216, November

ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 091515130


(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.6.091515130)


Comparative Efficacy of
Some Insecticidal Plant Materials against Dry Wood Termite (Cryptotermes
 BANKS (Insecta: Isoptera: Kalotermitidae) Infestation


Okweche Simon Idoko*1;
Hilili Patrick Matthew1 

and Ita Philip Bassey1


1Department of Forestry
and Wildlife Resources Management, University of Calabar, PMB 1115,




Laboratory study was
conducted to determine the efficacy of six plant extracts Gmelina
Roxb (Verbenaceae) leaf, 
Aframomum melegueta [Roskoe] K.
Schum. Zingiber officinale Rosc., Morinda lucida (L.)
(Rubiaceae), Moringa oleifera Lam. (Moringaceae) (seed
and leaf) and Garcinia kola Heckel (Guttiferae) on
the management of African wood termite under ambient temperature and relative
humidity (300c and 72%). Twenty termites were introduced into a
covered container and treated with three levels (0.0 g, 0.5 g, 1.0 g) of the
various plant extracts. The experiment was laid out in a completely randomised
design (CRD) and replicated four times with factorial arrangement of
treatments. Mortality was recorded at 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96 hours
exposure periods respectively. A. melegueta and G.
 were effective at 60 hours of exposure for 0.5g rate of
application recoding 95% mortality while Z. officinale, M.
recorded 100% mortality after 84 hours of exposure. At 1.0 g
rate of application, M. oleifera seed and A. melegueta were
efficacious after 12 hours, however, M. oleifera recorded 95%
mortality after 60 hours and 100 % at 72 hours while A. melegueta and M.
recorded 95 and 75 % mortality at 48 hours of exposures
respectively. No mortality was recorded untreated experiment.
Conclusively, A. melegueta, M. lucida and M.
seed and leaf can be used in the control of wood termite
due to higher mortality recorded on application and as a substitute for
synthetic insecticides.


Key words: Control, Exposure
periods, Insecticidal plants, Mortality, Termite.

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