Osanyinlusi And Adenegan


Osanyinlusi and Adenegan

Journal of Agricultural Sciences,
 Vol. 6 (2),
049-058, February

ISSN: 2276-7770  

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 122615174


(DOI http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2016.2.122615174)


The Determinants of Rice
Farmers’ Productivity in Ekiti State, Nigeria


Osanyinlusi, Oladele I.
and Adenegan, Kemisola O.


Department of
Agricultural Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 

Department of Agricultural
Economics, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 



The issue of low
productivity of the Nigerian farmers is becoming topical particularly in rice
production. Rice is an annual crop and one of the most important staple food
crops in Nigeria. Since the mid-1970, the demand for rice has been increasing
at a much faster rate in Nigeria than in any other African country.

This paper therefore
examines the factors affecting rice farmers’ productivity as well as
constraints limiting rice production in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Primary data was
used for this study with the aid of a well-designed questionnaire to collect
data from 160 randomly selected rice farmers. A multi-stage random sampling
procedure was used in selecting the respondents. Three major rice-producing
Local Government Areas (LGAs) were purposively selected from the State,
followed by the random selection of two villages from each LGA. In all, 160
rice farmers were randomly selected from six villages. The objectives were
analysed using descriptive statistics, OLS regression and Likert-type scale.

The results showed that
the linear functional form gave the best line of fit. R2 value
was about 77% and statistically significant at 1% level. Farm size, level of
education and quantity of fertilizer were positively and significantly related
to productivity at 1% and 10% respectively, while years of farming experience
and quantity of seeds used were negatively significant at 10% and 1%
respectively. Pest infestations and financial constraints were ranked as the
most challenging factors limiting rice production in the study area.

It is therefore
recommended that extension services should be intensified in the area to educate
the farmers on the appropriate application rate of fertilizer and seed rate per
hectare. In addition, the relevant research institutes should develop a
technology for controlling or preventing birds’ infestations in the area.


Keywords: Rice, Productivity,
Constraint, Regression and Likert-type Scale.

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