Saima Et Al

Saima et al

Greener Journal of  Agricultural Sciences Vol. 4 (5), pp. 195-198, June 2014.

 ISSN: 2276-7770 

Research Paper

Manuscript Number: 042914208

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2014.5.042914208


Value Addition: A Tool to Minimize the Post-harvest Losses in Horticultural Crops

 

*Saima Parveen, Bushra Ishfaq, Humaira
Kausar, Shazia Saeed and M. Azhar Ali

 

Assistant
Research Officer, Food Technology Section. AARI, Faisalabad.


*Corresponding Author’s Email: seharsaima@yahoo.com

Abstract:

Current regional economic intensification and
changes in dietary patterns played a vital role in both the production and
consumption of fruit and vegetables. Pakistan is
one of the leading producer of citrus; mango, apricot, dates and huge amounts
of potatoes, tomatoes, pepper, onions, cucumber etc. are grown in its diverse
agro-ecological zones. In spite of high yield, this sector suffers
significantly from postharvest losses of about 30–40%,
because inherently this sector are more
liable to deteriorative nature of fresh fruit and vegetables under tropical
conditions characterized by high ambient temperatures and humidity, and a high
incidence of pests and diseases which diminishes returns for producers.
Tremendous opportunities exists for vertical diversification within the fruit
and vegetable sector in terms of increase in farm income, poverty alleviation,
food security, and sustainable agriculture.
The vibrant agro-food industry have unlimited potential in the form of
processed or value added products and consumers all over the country can get
opportunity to enjoy them throughout the year. In this transaction,
processing of
food crops into a variety of products with extended shelf life. Adding value to
the original crop also helps the farmer not only to overcome the spoilage and
losses, but also fetches high returns due to the newly added
technology.  Value addition enterprises are aimed at giving value to
the raw commodities into multiple products like fruit candies, jam, jellies,
marmalade, fruit nectars, juices, dehydrated products and semi-processed food
etc. which we can envisage in this category as well as remunerative prices to
farmers. It provides convenience & safe food to consumers and promotes
diversification and commercialization of agriculture by providing effective
linkage between consumers and farmers. 
Moreover, it will make farm produce more exportable.
The need for technology generation and
commercialization at small scale are of critical importance to growth and
diversification. The development of a dynamic agro-food industry will depend on
innovative research and the deliberate engagement of the national inventive
system comprising academia, industry, and government sector.

Keywords: Economic value, horticultural crops,
industries, post-harvest losses, processing, value addition.

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