Sharew and Bayeh Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 10(3), pp. 145-151, 2020 ISSN: 2276-7770 Copyright ©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s) https://gjournals.org/GJAS Survey of Host Plants of Cotton Mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) on Cotton Crops in Middle Awash, Ethiopia Sharew Abate1 and Bayeh Mulate2 1Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, P.O.B 2003 Addis Ababa. 2FAOET, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT Article No.: 111219202 Type: Research The exotic cotton mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley invaded Ethiopia during 2010, and caused widespread infestation across all six cotton growing regions. This New World species has emerged as a serious pest of cotton and other crops and weeds. Forty two host plants of P. solenopsis were identified during the cotton growing season. The host plants of P. solenopsis revealed 42, 31, and 30 species of plants belonging to 21, 16 and 16 families served as hosts for P. solenopsis at Werer, Melka Sedi, and Gewane and across all cotton growing areas of Middle Awash, respectively. The trend of P. solenopsis severity among host plants across growing areas was clearly different although G4 plants were the highest at all growing areas. This information can be helpful in management of this pest. Accepted: 20/11/2019 Published: 11/09/2020 *Corresponding Author Sharew Abate E-mail: sharewabate92@ gmail.com Keywords: Cotton mealybug; Phenacoccus solenopsis; host plants; Severity; Ethiopia Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Peer-review] REFERENCES Abbas G, Arif MJ, Ashfaq M, Aslam M and Saeed S. (2010). Host plants, distribution and overwintering of cotton mealybug (Phenacoccus solenopsis; Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). International Journal of Agriculture & Biology 12: 421-425. Aijun, Z., A. Divina, S. Shyam, S.S. Miguel, A.F. Rosa, E.O. James, A.K. Jerome, R.A. Jeffrey, E.M. Dale and L.L. Stephen (2004). Sex pheromone of the pink hibiscus mealybug, Maconellicoccus hirsutus, contains an unusual cyclobutanoid monopterpene. The Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 101: 9601–9606 Anonymous (2008), Annu. Rep., (2008-09), AICCIP cotton, New Delhi. p. 4. Bayeh Mulatu and Meisso Hemba (2013). Assessment of Cotton Mealybug Situation in Rain Fed and Irrigated Cotton of Ethiopia. Technical report submitted to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, February 2013. Ben-Dov, Y. (1994). A systematic catalogue of the mealybugs of the world (Insecta: Homoptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae and Putoidae) with data on geographical distribution, host plants, biology and economic importance. Intercept Limited, Andover, UK. Ben-Dov Y, Miller DR and Gibson GAP (2008). ScaleNet: A Searchable Information System on Scale Insects. Available on-line:http://www.sel.barc.usda.gov/ scalenet/scalenet.htm. Mark PC and Gullan PJ. (2005). A new pest of tomato and other records of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) from Espirito Santo, Brazil. Zootaxa 964: 1-8. Patel L., C. K. Mondal and A. Pramanika (2011). Survey on mealybug, Phenacoccussolenopsis Tinsley – An emerging threat to cotton based agro-ecosystem in coastal region of West Bengal. Journal of Crop and Weed 7(2):254-256 (2011). Saeed, S., M. Ahmad and Y.J. Kwon (2007). Insecticidal control of the mealybug Phenacoccus gossypiphilous (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), a new pest of cotton in Pakistan. Entomol. Res. 37:76-80. Vennila S., VV Ramamurthy, A Deshmukh, DB Pinjarkar, M Agarwal, PC Pagar, YG Prasad, M Prabhakar, KR Kranthi and OM Bambawale (2010). A treatise on mealybugs of Central Prabhakar, KR Kranthi and OM Bambawale, 2010. A treatise on mealybugs of Central Indian Management, New Delhi. P 39. Vennila S., Y.G. Prasad, M. Prabhakar, Rishi Kumar, V. Nagrare, M. Amutha, Dharajyothi, Meenu Agarwal, G. Sreedevi, B. Venkateswarlu, K.R. Kranthi and O.M. Bambawale (2011). Spatio-temporal Distribution of Host Plants of Cotton Mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley in India, Technical Bulletin No. 26, National Centre for Integrated Pest Management, New Delhi P 50. Cite this Article: Sharew, A; Bayeh, M (2020). Survey of Host Plants of Cotton Mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae) on Cotton Crops in Middle Awash, Ethiopia. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences 10(3): 145-151.