Sudik Et Al


Sudik et al

Journal of Agricultural Sciences

Vol. 10(2),
pp. 114-119, 2020


©2020, the copyright of this article is retained by the author(s)








Effect of Feeding Soybean Curd Residue on
Performance of Male Grower Rabbits



Sudik, SD; Ajiji, I; Bagudu,
IA; Maidala, A.; Lawan, A



of Animal Science, Federal University, Gashua, Yobe State, Nigeria








Type: Research



A six week
experiment was conducted to determine the effect of feeding soybean curd
residue (SCR) on performance of male grower rabbits. Fifty (50) cross-bred
male grower rabbits at 5 weeks of age were randomly assigned into five
dietary treatments (T1-T5). Each treatment had 10 rabbits, individual housed
in a completely randomized design. Treatment 1 had 0% SCR which served as
control whereas diets 2- 5 had soybean meal (SBM) replaced with SCR by 5%,
10%, 15% and 20%, respectively. Feed and water were offered ad libitum.
Rabbits fed T5 significantly (p<0.05) had highest live body weight and
total weight gain (3.29±0.08kg and 2.55±0.09kg, respectively) whereas those
fed T1 had lowest (2.83±0.44 and 2.10±0.18kg, respectively). Rabbits fed T5
alongside T4 significantly (p<0.05) had the best feed conversion ratio
(1.84±0.13) whereas those fed T1 had worst (2.18±0.27). Other parameters
such as Feed intake, Carcass and organs’ weights, haematological traits and
serum biochemical were not significantly (P>0.05) affected by treatments.
The cost of feed per 25kg decreased with increased SCR in the diets.
Treatment 1 had higher costs (#1781.20/$4.88) while T5 had lower (#1704.55/$4.67).
Similarly, cost of feed per weight gain decreased from T1 to T5 (#73.00/$0.44
to #69.35/$0.40).  It was concluded
that 20% SCR can be added in male grower rabbits’ diets without negative
effect on performance.


Accepted:  28/02/2020

Published: 17/07/2020








Keywords: :

Cost;  Male grower rabbits;  Performance;  protein source;  Soybean curd residue




Return to Content       View [Full Article – PDF]  

[Full Article – HTML]               [Full Article – EPUB]

Post-Publication Peer-review Rundown

View/get involved, click [Peer-review]




[1] S. D. Sudik. Nutrient distributions and biochemical
studies of acha (Digitariaspp) in infant weaning foods and poultry
diets.PhD Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria, 2016.


[2] O. E. Owoleke, B. K. Tanimomo, T. Z. Adama, H. O.
Akanya, I. O. Alemede, M. A. Adeiza, V.O. Kolawole. Feed evaluation and growth
performance of rabbits fed diets containing different forages. Vom Journal of Veterinary Science, 11:
101 – 111, 2016.


[3] S. D. Sudik, I. Ajiji, I. B.
Amaza. Response of grower rabbits fed soybean curd residue-based diets. ASN
53rd Annual Conference Proceedings
Building a Resilient and Sustainable
Economy through Innovative Agriculture in Nigeria” 53th Annual Conference of
Agricultural Society of Nigeria, 156-159, 2019.


[4] O. J. Makinde, P. C. Enyigwe, S. E Babajide, J. A. Aesumbe, E. A. Ibe, I. Samuel. Growth
performance and carcass characteristics of finisher broilers fed rice offal
based diets supplemented with exogenous enzyme. Greener Journal of Agricultural
Science, 4(4): 144-149, 2014.


[5] S. D. Sudik, P. G. Gofwan. Fractional nutrient
composition of acha (Digitariaexilis).International Journal of Science and Applied
, 2(2)96-102, 2017.


[6] C. D. A. Alabi, Y. Akpo, A. A. Seidou1, H. S. S.
Worogo, Y. Idrissou1, M. Azalou, J. Adjassin, B. Assogba, I. A. Traoré. Effect
of soybean meal substitution with okara in growing rabbits in fattening phase
in northern Benin.International Journal
of Agronomy and Agricultural Research
, 13(3): 1-10, 2018


[7] A. M. Safwat, I.
Sarmiento-Francoa, R.H. Santos- Ricalde.Rabbit production using local resources
as feedstuffs in the tropics.Tropical and
Subtropical Agroecosystems
, 17: 161-171, 2014.


[8] G. Lounaouci-Oyed, D. Lakabi-Ioualitene, M.
Berchiche, F. Lebas. Field beans and brewers’s grains as protein source for
growing rabbits in Algeria: first results on growth and carcass quality. 9th
World Rabbit Congress – June 10-13, 2008-Verona- Italy: 723-727, 2008.


[9] M. M. Onakpa, F. Onuh, D. S. Gode. Effect of graded
levels of maize bran on the growth and carcass characteristics of weaned
rabbits, ARPN J. Agric. Biol. Sci., 6
(5): 45-48, 2006.


[10] R. S. Bhatt, S. R. Shama, U. Singh, D. Kumar, K. S.
Risam. Effect of substituting groundnut cake with different levels of rice bran
on growth and wool production of German Angora rabbits.World Rabbit Science, 13:179-187, 2005.


[11] W. Shurtleff, A. Aoyagi. History of
soybean and soy food in Africa (1857-2009); extensively Annotated and
Bibliography and Sourcebook.Soyinfo Center Lafayette, California USA, 2009.


[12] D. M. Khojely, S. E. Ibrahim, E. Sapey,
T. Han.History, current status and prospects of soybean production and research
in Sub-Sahara Africa.The Crop Journal,
6(3): 226-235, 2018.


[13] Wikipedia., 2019.


[14] AOAC. Official method of Analysis, Association
Official Analytical Chemists.13thEdn. Washington, D.C., USA, 1990.


[15] I. V. Beniter. Amino acid and fatty acid profiles in
aquaculture nutrition studies 1-3, In: S. S. de Silva (ed). Fish Nurition
Research in Asia. Proceedings of the Third Asiab Fish Nutrition Network
Meeting.Asian Fish Society Special Publication, 4, 166.Asian Fisheries Society,
Manila, Philippines, 1989.


[16] S. Zsolt, M.
Zsolt, G.Zsolt. Effect of housing conditions on production and behavior
of growing meat rabbits: A Review. Livestock
137: 296-303, 2011.


[17] APA. Ethics in research with animals.American Psychological
Association, 2002.


[18] D.M. Moore, K. Zimmerman, , S.A. Smith. Hematological
Assessment in Pet Rabbits: Blood Sample Collection and Blood Cell
Identification. Vet ClinExotAnim, 18:
9–19, 2015.

 [19] M. M.
Benjamin. Outline of Veterinary Clinical Pathology. 2nd ed. Lower
State University press, Lower, USA, 35-105, 1998.


[20] SAS Institute. SAS START Users Guide: Statistics; Version 9 Edition.
SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, North Carolina, USA, 1999.


[21] D.B.Duncan.  Multiple Range Test F-tests.Biometrics, 11:
1-42, 1955.


[22] RAR. Research Animal Resource. Reference values for
laboratory animals: Normal haematological values. RAR, University of Minnesota,


[23] T. Ahemen, A.H. Abu, V.  Gbor. Haematological and serum biochemical
parameters of rabbits fed varying dietary levels of water spinach (Ipomoea
aquatic) leaf meal. Advances in Applied
Science Research
, 4(2):370-373, 2013.


this Article:
Sudik, SD; Ajiji, I; Bagudu, IA;
Maidala, A; Lawan, A (2020). Effect of Feeding Soybean Curd Residue on
Performance of Male Grower Rabbits.
Journal of Agricultural Sciences
10(2): 114-119.



Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *