Tyowua et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 3 (1), pp.001-005, January 2013 ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Paper Manuscript Number:110512225 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2013.1.110512225 Evaluation of Vegetation Types and Utilization in Wildlife Park of the University Of Agriculture Makurdi, Nigeria Tyowua B.T1*, Agbelusi E.A 2 and Dera B.A3 1Department of Wildlife and Range Management, University of Agriculture, Makurdi. (bterungwa @ yahoo.com) 2Department of Wildlife and Ecotourism, Federal University of Technology, Akure. 3Department of Forest Production and Products, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi. *Corresponding Author’s Email: bterungwa @ yahoo.com Abstract: The vegetation types in the Wildlife Park of the University of Agriculture, Makurdi was evaluated to determine its plant species composition and percentage distribution, structure in terms of diameter at breast height (DBH) and utilization level. The point- centered quarter method (PCQ) and step-point line technique (SPLT) were used in the survey. There were 31 woody plants species in the park. The common species in the woodland vegetation type were Daniellia oliveri (14.17%), Vitex doniana (12.00%), Khaya senegalensis (9.33%), while in the Riparian vegetation, Vitex doniana (17.00%) was the prominent species. Acacia polyacantha (24.00%), Combretum molle (23.00%) and Prosopis africana (31.00%) were the commonest species in the Grassland vegetation. Syzigium guineense, Diospyros mespiliformis and Elaeis guineense occurred only in the Riparian Vegetation. The result on structure revealed that DBH class> 100 cm had the highest number of woody plants in the Riparian vegetation and was significantly (P<0.05) different from the Woodland and Grassland vegetation types. For DBH 1-10cm, the woodland was significantly different (P<0.05) from the Riparian and Grassland vegetations. The results of plant utilization level by wild animals showed that 15 plant species were utilized: 3 highly, 6 moderately and 6 lightly. Keywords: Vegetation types, Wildlife Park Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Reference: Afolayan TA (1977). Savanna structure and productivity in relation to burning and grazing regimes in Kainji Lake National Park. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis University of Ibadan. Afolayan TA and Agbelusi EA (1997). Impact of seasonal wildfire on Biodiversity. In: Biennial conference of Ecoson, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nov.23rd- 27th 1997. Ayeni JOS, Afolayan TA and Ajayi SS (1982). Introductory handbook on Nigeria wildlife: Kainji Lake Research Institute. New Bussa, Nigeria, pp 43 – 45. Ayodele IA, Ebin CO and Alarape AA (1999). Essential of wildlife management. 2nd ed. Jachin publishers, Ibadan, pp 46 – 51. Causton RD(1988). Introduction to vegetation analysis. Unwin Hyman Ltd, U.K.PP 1-3 & 28 -31. Coppock DL, Swift DM and Ellis JE (1986). Seasonal nutritional characteristics of livestock diet in a normadic pastoral system. J. Applied Ecology.23: 285-395. Duncan DB (1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11:1-42. Heady HF (1964). Particularly of herbage and animal preference. J. Range Mgt. 17:76-82. Imumorin I.G, Agbede JO and Alokan JA(1995). Livestock productivity on savannah rangelands in Nigeria. In:Proceedings of the regional training workshop held at FUTA, Akure, Nigeria, 23rd-26th July, 1995.34-36pp. Joel SM (2001). An Assessment and Inventory of Avifauna Resources in the University of Agriculture Makurdi Wildlife Park. Unpublished B.Forestry Project. Keay RWJ (1959). An outline of Nigerian Vegetation 3rd ed. Federal Ministry of Information, Printing Division, Lagos, 44pp. Pollard JH (1971). On distance estimate of density in randomly distributed forest Biometrics :991-1002.