Wayo et al Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (8), pp. 223-225, October 2017. ISSN: 2276-7770 Research Article Manuscript Number: 102117153 (DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2017.8.102117153) African Animal Trypanosomosis in an Agrarian Settlement in Kaduna City, Kaduna State, Northern Nigeria Wayo B.*, Garba H.A., Mohammad B., Abdullahi R.A., Kassim M. & Sumayin H. Nigeria Institute for Trypanosomiasis Research, Kaduna, Nigeria. Abstract Trypanosomiasis has been recognized as a major cause of sickness and death throughout sub-Saharan Africa as well as a major constraint on the use of livestock. Inadequate disease reporting and surveillance has hampered the control of the disease. This study sought to investigate the prevalence of Trypanosomiasis among cattle in Gwaraji district (an agrarian settlement on the fringes of Kaduna metropolis), Igabi Local government area of Kaduna State in Northern Nigeria. A total of 94 cattle were sampled from about 30 herds. These cattle belong to Fulani herdsmen. Parasitological examination was carried out using the Standard Trypanosome Detection Method. The overall infection rate was 25.53% and the trypanosome species observed were Trypanosoma congolense (70.83%), T. brucei (16.66%) and mixed infections of T. brucei and T. congolense (12.5%). The implication of the species identified, method of diagnosis and public health concerns were discussed. Key words: Trypanosomiasis, Trypanosomes, Cattle, Agrarian, Kaduna, Nigeria Return to Content View [Full Article – PDF] [Full Article – HTML] [Full Article – EPUB] Post-review Rundown View/get involved, click [Post-Review Page] References Abenga J.N., F.N.C. Enwezor, F.A.G. Lawani, H.O. Osue and E.C.D. Ikemereh (2004). Trypanosome Prevalence in Cattle in Lere Area in Kaduna State, North Central Nigeria. Revue Élev. Méd. vét. Pays trop., 2004, 57 (1-2) : 45-48. Allsopp R. (2001). Options for vector control against trypanosomiasis in Africa. Trends in Parasitology Vol.17 No.1 January 2001. Auty H., S.J. Torr, T. Michoel, S. Jayaraman & L.J. Morrison (2015).Cattle trypanosomosis: the diversity of trypanosomes and implications for disease epidemiology and control. Rev. Sci. Tech. Off. Int. Epiz., 2015, 34 (2), 587-598. Bauer B, Holzgrefe B, Mahama CI, Baumann MPO, Mehlitz D, et al. (2011) Managing Tsetse Transmitted Trypanosomosis by Insecticide Treated Nets – anAffordable and Sustainable Method for Resource Poor Pig Farmers in Ghana. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 5(10): e1343. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001343. Dauda H., Abubakar S., Muhammad A.A., Jarmai K.Y., Uzoigwe L., Allen D.O., Ahmed A.A., Ngamdu A.S.,Jega Z., *Wayo B. & Kalejaiye J.O. (2017). Trypanosomiaisis in Non Migratory Cattle in Suburban Kaduna. Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 7 (7), pp. 157-159. ISSN: 2276-7770 ICV: 6.15. Enwezor F.N.C., S.M. Samdi, O. Ijabor & J.N. Abenga (2012). The Prevalence of Bovine trypanosomes in parts of Benue state, North-central Nigeria. Journal of Vector Borne Diseases 49, September 2012, pp. 188–190. Haruna M.K., Malala A.U., Wayo B., Adamu U.O., Sumayin H.M., Shettima F.T. and Kalejaiye J.O. (2017). Trypanosomiasis in a migrating herd of cattle in Kaduna state Nigeria. African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology. 18 (2): 129-131isbn 1595-689x Ajcem/1720http://www.ajol.info/journals/ajcemhttps://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ajcem.v18i2.12. Hursey, B.S. (2000). PAAT: The Programme Against African Trypanosomosis. Trends in Parasitology. 2000P04 (Special Edition). Ilemobade A.A. (2009). Tsetse and trypanosomosis in Africa: The challenges, the opportunities. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research, 76:35–40. Majekodunmi A.O., Fajinmi A., Dongkum C., Picozzi K., Thrusfield M.V. and Welburn S.C. (2013). A longitudinal survey of African animal trypanosomiasis in domestic cattle on the Jos Plateau, Nigeria: prevalence, distribution and risk factors. Parasites & Vectors 2013, 6:239 http://www.parasitesandvectors.com/content/6/1/239. Murray M., P.K. Murray and W.I.M. McIntyre (1977). An improved Parasitological technique for the diagnosis of African Trypanosomiasis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 71; 325-326. Onyiah J.A. (1997). African animal trypanosomiasis: An overview of the current status in Nigeria. Tropical Veterinarian. 15: 111- 116. Samdi S.M., B. Bello, A. Abubakar, R.L. Bizi, K. David, Haruna M.K., Abdullahi R.A., Muhammad H.and JibrilH.Z. (2012). Human Behavior in the Epidemiology and Control of African Trypanosomosis in Kachia Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances 4(5): 312-315, 2012ISSN: 2041-2908. Shamaki, B.U., Obaloto, O.B., Kalejaiye, J.O., Lawani, F.A.G., Balak, G.G. and Charles D. (2009). A Wet Season Survey of Animal Trypanosomosis in Shongom Local government area of Gombe state, Nigeria. Journal of Protozoological Research 19, 1-6. Simukoko H., T. Marcotty , I. Phiri , D. Geysen , J. Vercruysse , P. Van den Bossche (2007). The comparative role of cattle, goats and pigs in the epidemiology of livestock trypanosomiasis on the plateau of eastern ZambiaVeterinary Parasitology 147: 231–238. Woo P.T.K. (1971). Evaluation of Hematocrit centrifuge and other techniques for field diagnosis of Trypanosomiasis and Filariasis. Acta Tropica 28;298-303.