Zewdie And Welday

Zewdie and Welday

Greener Journal of Agricultural Sciences Vol. 5 (1), pp. 023-033, February 2015.

 ISSN: 2276-7770  

Review Paper

Manuscript Number: 080614317

DOI: http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.1.080614317

Reproductive
Performance and Breeding Strategies for Genetic Improvement of Goat in
Ethiopia: A Review

 

*1Zewdie
B. and 2Welday K.

 

1Department of
Animal Sciences, Assosa University, Ethiopia,

Email: zewdiebefikadu@yahoo.com   Mob. No. +251-121-127-099

2Department of
Animal and Range Sciences, Jijiga University, Ethiopia

Email: kflom807@gmail.com 
Mob. No. +251-913-502-839

 

*Corresponding Author: Email: zewdiebefikadu@yahoo.com

Mobile. No.: +251938647534/912127099


Abstract

 

Economic
opportunities exist for small ruminant producers to supply animals to both the
export and domestic markets. The growing demands of meat products at the
domestic as well as international markets also increase the importance of goat
in the national economy of the country. Despite the large size of the country’s
goat population, the productivity per unit of animal and the contribution of
this sector to the national economy is relatively low. The phenotypes of the
goats have important influence socio-cultural and economic values to the
Ethiopian communities; as a result, most farmers have specific consideration
and choices for goat coat colors followed by body sizes. Nowadays, there is a
great interest worldwide in conservation and utilization of genetic resources
aiming for a more efficient use of present genetic resources of the goat
species. In Ethiopia, a number of organizations attempted to evaluate
performances of farm animal genetic resources at different times predominantly
under on-station management in ranches and research farms. Although,
performance levels, genetic parameter estimates and breeding program practices
are available for limited number of breeds, indigenous goat populations have developed
certain valuable genetic traits such as ability to improve the performance
under low input condition and climatic stress, tolerance to infectious diseases
and parasites. These genotypes can help in meeting future challenges resulting
from possible changes in production systems and consumer requirements. Hence,
to efficiently utilize these special features of indigenous breeds, there is a
need of planning and implementing viable breeding programs that fit to the
existing low input production systems.

 

Keywords: Breeding, Conservation, Ethiopia, Goat.


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Cite this Article: Zewdie B,
Welday K, 2015. Reproductive Performance and Breeding Strategies for Genetic
Improvement of Goat in Ethiopia: A Review. Greener Journal of Agricultural
Sciences, 5(1):023-033, http://doi.org/10.15580/GJAS.2015.1.080614317.

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